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every evering to get them all up, for many a tumble ther's, the wheel of our cart, in going through a creek, | Anderson's station late at night, as we were obliged they had, and many times she flew up and down got into a hole, and the vehicle was upset. We to travel very slowly on account of our unfortunate for their instruction; but she seemed very happy and were all thrown into the water, but were not hurt, and patient. satisfied when she got them all under her on the our greatest difficulty was getting the cart up again. We found Mr Anderson's hut locked up, and the branch, We had to take out the horses, and get into the water keys were at Mr Yuille's, three miles off.
However, A melancholy accident happened at a station near and lift it up, as it lay quite on its side. It took all my husband opened the window with little difficulty, us. A young gentleman who bad lately arrived in the party's united strength to lift it. We were quite as it had no fastening ; so it seemed of little use having the colony, went to pay a visit there. "He jumped wet already, so we did not mind standing in the water the door locked. We soon got a fire lighted by his into a water hole to bathe ; the hole was small but to do this duty; it was rather refreshing, the day had woman-servant, and had tea and nice comfortable deep. He was well warned of this; but nothing would been so hot. I undressed my infant, and rolled him beds, which we indeed much required. Mrs Scott dissuade him from going in, and he was drowned be in my cloak, but all the rest of us had to sit in wet was taken home next day, but many months elapsed fore any assistance could be rendered. His body clothes; we were so much pleased, however, at getting before she could walk about. We remained at Mr was not found for several days, although the hole was up the cart that we did not think much of it, and Anderson's station a short time. While there, we dragged with chains ; but some natives were set to were congratulating ourselves on our good fortune, went over to dine with Mr Yuille. I saw many im. dive for it, and one of them brought the body up when, in going up a very stony hill, down it went provements about his station, but his own hut was immediately, which was buried next day in a wood near again. I felt much stunned, as I was thrown with still without windows. I expressed my astonishment the hut. The funeral was attended by sereral settlers my head on a stone ; but I was not insensible. The at this, but he said he had been so long without them, in the neighbourhood, and the service for the dead thought of my infant was uppermost ; he was thrown that he would still continue so, and he did not see the was read by the gentleman whose guest the deceased several yards out of my arms, but the cloak saved him. use of them. We ate some of the largest lettuces here had been. A funeral in the bush is a very rare and a He was creeping off on hands and knees out of it, quite I ever saw. Mr Yuille takes great pleasure in his garvery impressive occurrence. I only know of one in good humour, as if nothing had happened. Agnes den, and keeps it in order entirely himself. other spot where a white man is buried ; it is the was also unhurt, except a bruised cheek, but she was We were now in the Boning Yong district, which grave of a shepherd who was speared by the natives much concerned about a kitten she had got from her takes its name from a very high mountain, on the top some time ago, and the valley where he now lies is uncle Robert, which was squeezed under a carpet-bag. of which is a large hole filled with water. It is quite called the “Murderer's Valley.” I never passed The most unfortunate of our party was poor Mrs round, as if made by man, and there are fish and musthrough it without feeling a kind of horror.' The Scott, who was thrown violently on the ground, and sels in it. Boning Yong is a native name, and means grave is fenced in by a rough paling:
lay seriously stunned. On inquiring into her condi- big mountain. I like the native names very much ; I In the bush no one is ever allowed to go from a hut tion, she said that her leg was broken, and in great think it a great pity to change them for English ones, without eating, or remaining all night, although an pain. This was terrible news in such a place as we as is often done. Station Peak is also a peculiarentire stranger. We were once sadly deceived by a were, but on examination the case was not so bad ; looking mountain, and is the boundary between the man who walked into our hut, and introduced himself the knee was out of joint, and her ankle already much Melbourne and Geelong districts. as a new settler who had come to our neighbourhood. swollen from a very bad sprain. By her own direc We spent several days at Mr Scott's station, which None of us were acquainted with him, but we very tions, I pulled her leg till the knee-joint went into its is for cattle and dairy-husbandry. He had some of soon saw he had not the manners of a gentleman, place. She had been thrown with her head down the the finest cows I had seen in the country, and the although he was perfectly at ease, spoke much of his hill, and she suffered so much pain that she could not dairy was well managed by a young woman, whom the large herds of cattle, and the difficulty he had in allow us to move her, but we propped her up with family had brought from home ; and they fortunately bringing his sheep up the country so as to avoid the stones and a carpet-bag; and what more to do we did not require to keep many servants, the children different stations, as there is a heavy fine for any could not tell.
were so useful, and never idle. Ilis two little boys one driving scabby sheep through a settler's run, ex We were far from help ; it was already nearly dark, managed the cattle as well as any stock-keeper could cept during one month in the year. This pretended very cold, and we had nothing to light a fire; in a word, do, and every thing seemed in a fair way of prospering gentleman also talked as if on intimate terms with one we were in a miserable state. My husband at length at the station. A large family in these colonies is a of the settlers we knew, and told us much news, some remembered an out-station of Mr Learmonth's, not blessing and fortune to their parents, if well-doing. of which astonished us not a little. He dined with us, above half a mile from us ; he immediately went there In travelling down to Melbourne, we did not reand begged to know how the pudding was made. I for help, and two mounted police happened fortu. quire to sleep in the bush, as there are now several offered to write him the receipt, which I did, although nately to be at hand. One of them rode back for my public-houses on the road. The first we came to was I am sure he could not read it. In a few days we brother Robert to come to us, and the other assisted not at all comfortable; and the keeper performed heard he was a hut-keeper, and an old prisoner, who my husband to carry Mrs Scott on a hurdle to the the paltry trick of hiding our bullocks, thereby comhad been sent by his master to tell us he had some shepherd's hut, while I went on before with the chil. pelling us to remain at his house till they were found, young bullocks to sell, as he knew we wanted to pur- dren, to try to get a bed ready for her. The walk which was not accomplished until we offered a reward chase some; but this message was delivered to us as put my baby fast asleep, so I laid him down in a cor. for them. We heard many complaints of “planta piece of news. I was rather annoyed at being ner of the hut, wrapped in my cloak, while Agnes ing" bullocks (the colonial expression) at this house. deceived in this way; but in the bush it is no easy went to the fire to dry her clothes, not looking We were more fortunate in the next we arrived at, in task to tell who are gentlemen and who are not from very contented. The shepherds were very kind, and which we slept one night, and were exceedingly comtheir dress, or even manners, as a few of them pride gave up their hut to us at once; and the old hut- fortable ; it is kept by a Ýr Grieve. On leaving next themselves in being as rough as possible.
keeper begged me to let the poor sick lady have the morning, Mrs Grieve gave me a nice currant loaf for We began to think that there were too many mas
best bed. I looked at the beds, but it was really diffi- the children to eat in the dray, ters at one station ; and my husband's relations at cult to say which was best, as one was an old sheep I was astonished, when I visited Geelong on our home had expressed their surprise that he did not skin, and the other a very dirty blanket, spread on way down, to see the progress made in building. I leave the young men to manage the station, and find some boards. I chose the sheep-skin for Mrs Scott, had not seen it since we first landed in the country, something to do near a town. The situation of his and my husband carried her into the but and laid her at which time three stores were all the buildings in family induced my husband to think seriously of this on it. By this time my brother Robert had arrived the township. Now, it is a large and thriving place. proposal ; but the only happiness I had in the idea with a bottle of Scotch whisky which my husband had Such is the rapid way that towns get up in this new of leaving the station was, that I should be able to left with him. Mrs Scott took a little of it, which and enterprising colony. pay more attention to Agnes, who was now four years appeared to revive her, for she seemed in great agony old, and almost running wild. In short, for one rea- from being moved. Her knee was continually going son and another, it was resolved that we should seek a out of joint when she moved, so I split up the lid of
A CHINESE BREAKFAST. new home; and for that purpose my husband pro- an old tea-box I saw in the corner of the hut, and [From Mackenzie's “ Second Campaign in China."] ceeded to Melbourne to make necessary inquiries bound the pieces round her knee with a bandage made Next morning we all landed about nine o'clock, A.M., After an absence of three weeks he returned, having of a part of my dress; and I succeeded better than I in various boats, some belonging to the steamers, others taken a farm in the neighbourhood of Melbourne, to expected, as it did not again come out of its place. I provided by Keshen. The landing-place was situated which we were immediately to proceed. This proved never saw any one bear pain with more composure about a quarter of a mile up one of the numerous creeks a fatal step, and the beginning of many misfortunes ; and cheerfulness than my poor friend. My brother on the banks of the river. On approaching, our attention but I shall not anticipate. My husband brought with rode on to tell Mr Scott, and to get a doctor from was much attracted by the various handsome boats in him our old friend Mrs Scott, who had come to see us Geelong. I bathed Mrs Scott's ankle often during which Keshen and his suite had come down from Canton. before we left the station, and she remained till the the night with some hot water in which meat had been They were all brilliantly painted, and decorated with day of our departure, accompanying us on the journey. boiled; it was the only thing I could get. It relieved elaborate carving and gaudy flags. The landing-place
was enclosed by a slight bamboo railing, which served Accommodated in a spring-cart, which was provided her for a little ; but we passed a sad night, as we had with a few necessaries for our use, we departed from no dry clothes. My husband was also much bruised, to keep off the disorderly rabble with which China the station on the first morning of sheep-shearing, and and the horse bad trod on his foot, which was very leaves and cloths of the brightest colours. Under this certainly not without a degree of regret, for, all things painful; but he said nothing about it till next day, the guard of honour and band were drawn up to receive considered, we had enjoyed at it a happy bush life, to when he could scarcely put his foot to the ground. which I now look back with pleasure. It was early
The hut to which our misfortunes had thus con- ing his arrival, our time was fully occupied in examining
the plenipotentiary. While the officers remained waitmorning when we set out, and the first place at which ducted us was a miserable place, and I was afraid to the boats and preparations for our
reception. The tents we stopped was the station of Messrs Donald and try to sleep, there were so many rats running about, in which the interview was to take place were about 300 Hamilton, where we breakfasted, and found a hearty and jumping on the beams across the roof. I was, yards distant from the landing-place, and were surrounded welcome. From this we proceeded to the station of however, very tired, and unconsciously fell asleep for with smaller tents for Keshen's guard of Chinese soldiers, my brother Robert. Fortunately, we found him at a little, but when I awoke three rats were fighting on and as quarters occupied by his suite. A raised platform home, but quite alone; not even the hut-keeper was the middle of the floor for a candle I had lighted and of bamboo served as a causeway between the landingwith him, as he had taken the place of a shepherd placed there stuck in a bottle, there being no candle- place and tent. On Captain Elliot's arrival, he was rewho had run away. The two little huts were perched stick. I rose and separated the combatants. Poor ceived with the usual honours; and we then marched off
to the tents, the band preceding us. Keshen received on the top of a steep bank or craggy rock, at the Mrs Scott had never slept ; she said a rat had been bottom of which was a deep water hole. It had watching her all night from the roof. The rats here perial colour. His appearance is that of a man about
us in a handsome outer tent, lined with yellow, the imthe strangest appearance possible ; at a little dis- are very tame and impudent, and not easily frightened, fifty; but he is, I believe, much older. His manners tance it looked not unlike a crow's nest, and must but are not so disgusting in appearance as the rats
were very dignified, and he received us with great courhave been a very dismal place to be left alone in in England ; they are larger, and their skin is a beau: tesy and politeness, without any of the false shame for such a length of time as my brother occasionally tiful light grey. I shall ever remember this dismal that recent events might be supposed to have given rise was.. I was very sorry for him, and did not wonder night, which seemed protracted to an unusual length. to. His dress was plain but handsome; the onter jacket at his complaining of being dull sometimes. I told Day at last dawned, and allowed those who were able was of the finest sable ; and a cap, with a dark red buthim we had come to lunch with him, but he said he to move about, and render assistance as far as circum ton and peacock's feather, served to denote his exalted hoped we had brought the lunch with us, as he had stances would permit. With the help of the shep- rank. On this occasion, however, he did not wear his nothing to give us but damper. The rations were herd, I prepared breakfast, and afterwards dinner, for court button, but one of more common material. We done, and more had not come from the home station. the party. We were much afraid, when the after
were all presented to him individually by Captain Elliot, We were well provided in the spring-cart ; so Robert noon arrived, that we should have to pass another Keshen at the same time referring to a list of our names
and ranks in Chinese, which had been forwarded to him and I laid out à lunch, and he took a damper he had night in the hut; but at four o'clock, greatly to our
the previous evening. After this ceremony was over, made out of the ashes. We could not remain with delight, Mr Scott made his appearance, and soon him very long, as the day was pretty far advanced, and after a dray, in which a bed was placed for Mrs officers into an inner" tent, where we found chairs ar
Keshen invited the plenipotentiary and a few other we wished to get to Mr Anderson's station, where my
Scott. It was with difficulty she was lifted into it. ranged on each side of an ottoman, upon which Keshen husband had promised to remain a short time, as Mr I sat beside her with the children, and my husband immediately seated himself, in the manner in which Anderson was ill at Geelong:
sat on the other side to keep her steady. Mr Scott tailors are wont to pursue their laudable vocation, his Before we had got above four miles from my bro. I was on horseback. In this way we arrived at Mr I staff standing around him. We sat on chairs--Captain
TRAITS OF ENGLAND.
While he feasted all the great,
Elliot on the left, and the Hon. Captain Dundas on the law to follow as soon as he should have prepared for To be effective, the subject must be taken up as a measure right, the former being looked on in China as the seat of their comfortable reception. They accordingly left this of international policy, and carried out with entire acquihonour. Mr Grey, a young midshipman of her Majesty's country some time afterwards for America. In the escence on the part of all the chief Mediterranean powers. ship Herald, son of the late Bishop of Hereford, had ac meantime, among the settlers over whom the young companied his captain ; and Keshen took the lad and divine's charge extended, was a comfortable farmer, also placed him at his ide, commencing a series of questions named S., who made inquiries after the history of the relative to the boy. Captain Elliot mentioned that Mr minister's wife and her mother, and expressed an anxious ploughing, never less than three horses, and often four
The waste of horse labour in England is prodigious. In Grey was nephew of the late prime minister, at which desire to see them on their arrival. They did arrive safe ; and five, are engaged. In one small field we observed Keshen seemed pleased, and inquired his age. On being and on reaching the minister's habitation, Mr informed that he was only fifteen, he remarked, that one sent for to be introduced. Judge of the surprise of all
, four ploughs at work, two of which were drawn by four so young would be much better employed at home in when, on the entry of Mr S., the newly-arrived females horses, and the other two by three each! Thus fourteen learning his books than in learning the use of his sword. found in him the long-lost husband and father! Having plish what a Scottish farmer would have done better, in A desultory conversation then ensued, during which been unable to trace his family in England after a pro- little more time, with two horses and a single man. In servants entered with refreshments, which were served tracted absence, he had returned to America, where, by another field we observed a team of six horses drawing a in a variety of cups, of all shapes and sizes, made of the a singular coincidence, both he and they found those harrowing machine! No good reason can be given for most delicate and transparent china; this was followed they had given up as lost. The parties, we are glad to by tea a la Chinoise. After this, Keshen said that he say, are now living comfortably and happily in the New plods on as his fathers did before him; and to all remon,
this excessive waste of animal power: the English farmer had ordered breakfast to be prepared, which being ready, World.- Edinburgh paper. he begged we would partake of it, and immediately
strances he returns, what we found to be the universal bowed out Captain Elliot and all by whom he was at
answer, “ Lord bless you, sir, it will never do to distress tended. On retiring, we were shown into the tent we
CONTAGION AND QUARANTINE.
the horses.” The “turn out" along the roads is imhad first entered, and found four tables set out, each
posing: the horses are yoked a la tundem, in a row, and
[From the Medical Gazette.] capable of accommodating six persons, which made up
the ploughman stalks loftily along, in his smock frock and the exact number of the party. I regret having been We marvel much at the tone and temper with which this half boots, cracking his huge whip by the side of the
Another pecuunable to procure a copy of the bill of fare on this occa controversy has been too generally conducted. A certain horses, while a boy leads them in front. sion, while, to endeavour to describe the various dishes class of pathologists has imbibed a sort of instinctive liarity in some of these midland districts is the quantity would require the talent of a Ude, and many of them horror at the notion of contagion. They have considered of land still cultivated in the common field style, or run would not tend to elevate the Chinese gastronomic art
it as beneath the dignity of a scientific man to acknow-rig, as it used to be termed in Scotland by several tenants in the estimation of my readers ; suffice it to say, that ledge such an influence. They have reasoned as if there or small proprietors. Each has his own number of furmost of them were excessively fine. Among others, I were some confession of intellectual superiority attached rows, separated from that of his neighbour by a strip of would particularly recall to pleasing recollection the to the holding of such an opinion, and an emancipation green sward, and the appearance of the fields divided in partridge soup and pheasant breast sandwiches, as also from vulgar prejudices in the avowal of anti-contagious We say nothing of the loss of ground: the farmer nefer
with walks between the rigs, is singular enough. the preserves and dessert, which were delicious. In ad
notions. Such men would, we sincerely believe, experience dition to the usual European, we had a weak Chinese a sense of shame in acknowledging the doctrine of infec- thinks of arranging with his neighbours to alter the wine, heated, and handed round in small cups, the at tious agency. That such feelings as these do exist widely system, because he says they must cultivate the lands in tendants pressing us frequently to drink, and seeming to throughout the world, more, perhaps, on the continent that way till there is an act of Parliament to enclose think that a glass of something was necessary to assist than here, we are well convinced, and it is hard to account
them. Nothing can exceed the beauty of the fields
around Kenilworth and Warwick. They are well culour masticating labours. Having eaten as much as I felt for such a circumstance. There seems nothing, per se, inclined to partake of, I endeavoured to effect a retreat, very revolting to common sense in the notion that the tivated, and enclosed by neat hawthorn hedges and elm but was stopped by a servant who spoke a little English, secretions of the body, in certain disorders, throw off trees. Around Stratford-on-Avon there is the same rich and to my borror was informed by him that breakfast emanations which, received into the lungs, and impreg- appearance; but, proceeding on to Oxford, more barren was not half over. Unwillingly I followed him again to nating the blood of another person, should produce in him land and more careless farming are apparent. From inthe table, where I found, to my surprise, a course of at a like disease. Yet the great aim and object of certain quiries of a farmer, we learned that on rich soils in Warleast two dozen different dishes set out, among which parties has been to disavow such a principle, wherever, wickshire they take three successive white crops after was the celebrated bird's-nest and shark's-fin soup. by any ingenuity, it was possible to adopt some other one-year-old grass : first, oats ; second, wheat, third, Having at length finished breakfast, we adjourned to the explanation; never to admit such a doctrine except as a barley ; then two green or clearing crops, namely, beans open air, and found that Keshenlast resort in ætiological difficulty, and then to throw all
or peas, and afterwards turnips. The turnips are pulled, possible discredit upon it.
cleaned, and cut, and then given to the sheep and cattle. Had not forgot the small,
The doctrine of a contagious and infectious quality is The “woolly people" eat them from troughs placed in
conceded to small-pox and measles by almost all patho folds; and by shifting the latter from time to time the having provided a good and substantial breakfast for the logists, a large proportion of whom are ready to extend ground is manured. The crop after the turnips is genemarines and band. During the time occupied at break- the same attributes to scarlet fever and hooping-cough. rally wheat, and is laid down with grass. We were struck fast, Keshen was employed in examining the arms of the Very many draw their line of demarcation here, and, like with the number of bean fields along the sides of the marines and the instruments of the band. Nor was his Falstaff
' with his ragged regiment, refuse to march a step public roads. Beans are considered a better clearing crop curiosity confined solely to the weapons of defence used farther with the contagionists. À certain number, how-than turnips ; they are hoed four or five times in the by the privates, for he sent to me to request to be allowed to examine my sword. Whilst unclasping its belt to tonitis, and the Egyptian plague, in the category of conever, are content to include typhus fever, puerperal peri- season, and are excellent food for fattening hogs. The
value of land is very unequal: in one place it rents at 16s. comply with this request, I was amused by the exclama- tagious maladies. From this point the non-contents have per acre, and in a mile or two at 458. There is untion,"
See also my sword !” which proceeded from my it pretty much their own way. The doctrine of a con- doubtedly a greater air of comfort about them all than neighbour, Captain Rosamel, who, when informed of tagious quality inherent in the morbid secretions of in our northern region, though there is far less display of what was passing, detached his own sword from his side, cholera, of yellow fever, of erysipelas, and of influenza, scientific skill or prudent economy. The condition of and insisted upon its also being subjected to the inspec- makes some of them perfectly frantic, while the suggestion the labourer is about the same as in Scotland, or rather tion of our curious host; thereby exhibiting a striking that perhaps the secretions may be similarly endowed in better. Wages run from 109. to 128. a-week; but where instance of his correct appreciation of the balance of cases of phthisis pulmonalis, croup, or dysentery, is met
there is a family, the difference in the price of bread power, so much esteemed in Europe. While wandering with a look of ineffable contempt, mixed with pity.
from that of oat-meal will be equal to the difference in about, we walked into a house, which, to our surprise, It has always appeared to us that the doctrine of con amount of wages.- Inverness Courier, we found tenanted by the Hong merchants, who, being tagion and infection has been viewed by medical writers habited in full court dresses made of silk, richly embroi-l in too isolated a manner; that to arrive at correct condered, formed a very pleasing addition to the pageant. clusions on the subject, capable of any, wide application of subduing and taming the wild horses of the western
According to Mr Catlin, the Indians possess the knack They were headed by Howqua, the senior Hong mer in nature, we should commence with the simplest form chant, an old man of seventy-two, possessed of enormous of diseased secretion capable of communication from one
states, by covering the eyes and breathing into the noswealth , and who, if report speaks correctly, was individual to another of the same species, and trace the in England, it has been tried on various vicious horses,
trils. Since this remarkable practice was made known squeezed for the expenses of this day's entertainment. doctrine up to the more aggravated forms of disease. In China, where the mandarins retain their appointments Entertaining these general impressions on the subject
and, as we understand, with perfect success. A person for three years only, the general policy of these officers of contagion and infection, as applicable to various acute
connected with a dragoon regiment writes to inform us is to squeeze or extort as much as they can from the diseases where the secretions of the body are palpably
that the attempt was made on a horse which it baffied people under their rule—a procedure they have recourse affected, it cannot be a matter of surprise that we are
every one to tame, and it had the desired effect. In a to in consequence of the low scale of their official salary. strenuous supporters of the contagious nature of the
late newspaper, it was mentioned that the process had Nor is it to be wondered at that by this means they not Turkish plague. If ever a disease existed, calculated,
been tried by Mr Ellis in Yorkshire, and with singular unfrequently amass enormous wealth. On our return to a priori, to throw off contagious emanations, this is it. It markably headstrong, and apt to rear and kick with his
"One of the animals experimented on was rethe tents, Keshen expressed a wish to inspect the marines. is a peracute form of fever of most malignant character, They were accordingly drawn up, and marched past, rapidly affecting the nervous and circulating systems, and
fore feet, rendering it extremely difficult to get at his put through the manual and platoon, with some other curiously altering the coagulable and other qualities of head, which was only effected by climbing a tree to which simple manæuvres, and as Keshen came down in front, to the blood.
the filly was tied, and leaning over as far as was practiopen order, and presented arms. All this would have been One argument of the anti-contagionist party is, that
cable. The moment one nostril had been breathed into perfect, had not a row of unfortunate Chinese soldiers plague is not found to spread on the European Continent; nagement of a horse, 'coaxed it, and rubbed its face,
all was easy
• W— who is very skilful in the mabeen drawn up close in the rear, who stood looking on with though commercial intercourse with Egypt augments and breathed from time to time into the nostrils, while great gravity, totally ignorant of the nature of the move- annually. Historical facts, however, are opposed to this ment: consequently, as each rear rank man stepped statement. Plagne spread at Marseilles in 1720, at Mos
the horse offered no resistance. In about ten minutes back, he trod on the toes of a Chinaman, who, of course, cow in 1770, at Malta in 1813, and in the Ionian Islands
he declared his conviction that the horse was subdued; commenced jumping up, thereby producing an effect
and he then unfastened it, and, to the great and evident something similar to the keys in the interior of a piano. While we thus acknowledge our firm belief in the con
astonishment of the owner (who had been trying all the Keshen was much struck by the
appearance of our men, tagious qualities of the secretions that form in persons morning in vain to gain a mastery over it), led it quietly whom he seemed to suppose were padded, for he felt labouring under Turkish plague, and our equally strong away with a loose halter. Stopping in the middle of the their arms and chests; and even to the innate pride and conviction that the clothes, and bedding, and bed fur field, with no one else near, he quietly walked up to the self-sufficiency of a Chinese mandarin, the contrast be- niture of plague patients may sometimes harbour such horse, placed his arm over one eye, and his hand over the tween our men and his own body guard (who, although diseased secretions, and renew the disorder after a certain other, and breathed into the nostrils. It was pleasing to not deficient in height, were miserable objects) must interval, either in the same or in a distant locality, we are
observe how agreeable this operation appeared to be to have been striking. Shortly after this, we took leave of perfectly ready to admit that the quarantine laws, as now
the horse, who put up his nose to receive the puff.' In Keshen, and returned to the steamer, leaving Captain administered in the Mediterranean, are framed upon very stable-yard, where he examined the fore feet, and then
this manner he led the horse through all the fields to the Elliot with the commissioner to arrange public affairs.
shortness of the incubative stage is not considered. The the hind feet of the horse, who offered no resistance ; almost total impossibility that merchandise could be
but while he was examining the hind feet, bent his neck THE ROMANCE OF LIFE.
packed by persons in a condition calculated to throw off round, and kept nosing his back. He next buckled on a Some short time ago, in one of the villages on the Firth contagious emanations, seems utterly neglected. The surcingle, and then a saddle, and finally bitted the horse of Forth, lived a lady whose husband had long before practical inference deducible from the fact that the crew
with a rope. The horse did not offer the slightest resistgone to sea; and never having heard from him for some years, she believed him to have been dead. At the time exceeding ten days, appears an element in the calculations into this at present incomprehensible means of training of a merchant ship remains free from disease for a period ance, nor did it flinch in the least degree."
We hope veterinary professors will make inquiries her husband went to sea, Mrs S. lived in a town in Eng- of quarantine law-givers wholly and most unaccountably horses, and give the world the benefit of their labours. land; but after giving up hopes of his return, she re left out of consideration. moved with her only daughter to her native country, We earnestly hope that the British government will be Scotland. In the course of years, a probationer of the induced to take some efficient steps towards the reform LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by Church of Scotland came to officiate as a missionary in of the quarantine regulations now in force throughout the W. S. Ore, Paternoster Row. the parish, and formed an attachment for Miss S. See- | Mediterranean. That the period of sanatory surveillance
Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. ing no immediate prospect of obtaining a church at home, might be lessened in all cases, with perfect safety, we he resolved on transferring himself to one of our Ameri- entertain not the smallest doubt. That the period should publishers or their agents ; also, any odd numbers to complete
Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the can colonies, and received an appointment there from a be the same in steam and sailing vessels, appears a wanton sets. Persons requiring their volumes bound along with titlecolonial missionary society. Having been united to Miss trifling with valuable time. No isolated measures for the pages and contents, have only to give them into the nands of any S, he took his departure, leaving his wife and mother-in- reform of quarantine laws, however, can be of any avail. I boukseller, with orders to that effect.
INDIAN MODE OF TRAINING HORSES.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,"
“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE," &c.
PRICE 1 d.
door. The services of so useful a person could not of to commence cleaning up, brushing here, scrubbing SUPPLEMENTARIES.
course be obtained for nothing ; but, considering what there, kicking up all possible dust-in short, doing ONE often meets in the world with individuals who a saving these would make in tear and wear of soul every thing to render the lady's position intolerable, are generally estimable, and perhaps superior in most and body together, they would be well worth the so that she would be in a manner hunted down stairs. points to their neighbours
, but who are strangely de- money. The only difficulty in such a case would be If, again, any unhappy disposition was shown to reficient in some single department of character, or per as to the sex of the Supplementary. A female would lapse in the evening into wrappers and night-caps, on haps possessed by something of the nature of mono be preferred, as the advertisements say ; but a female a plea that it was not worth while or necessary to keep mania, so that much of what is good about them goes with a sense of time might not be easily had. It on dress merely for one's husband, the Supplementary for little or nothing. Perhaps this sort of person gives seems to have pleased Providence so to constitute the ought to be enabled to keep the said wrappers and us even a more affecting sense of human infirmity female mind, that it both wants a sense of time itself, night-caps under lock and key, until the proper hour than those who are thoroughly bad, just as we more and has the power of bewitching that sense out of the for undressing had arrived. Our functionary would poignantly lament the defeat of a candidate by a ma- opposite sex. We foresee that a man Supplementary of course have an absolute right to interfere in all jority of one than we do the non-success of one who in so confidential a place would be objected to, and cases of rent shawls and stockings, and even to withnever had any chance, or at a regatta pity the honest yet there might be no alternative. What, then, shall hold food, or lock up in a dark closet, until the fault fellow who only loses the race by half a boat's length. we say? Let us take refuge in the useful and respect had been remedied by the lady's own hands. Let it There is also an unfortunate class of cases where the able quality of age. Some withered, formal little man, not be thought that this would be treatment inconintellect is all very well, except for a certain inapti- going about the house like an old worm-eaten eight sistent with the condition and style of living of a fulltude or blindness on some points, as if they had been day clock, as he was, would not be a very formidable grown lady : the object, we must remember, is to subjected to the deduction of a small discount before idea ; and such men, with well-attested characters, correct and improve habits, and it might be hoped being sent into the world. All this is very distressing could be had with no great difficulty.
that a very few inflictions of the punishment would to reflect upon, and must be extremely inconvenient Some other ladies make extremely good wives in all be sufficient. If, however, any decided objection was in many instances to the parties ; but amongst people respects excepting a sad want of order. Studious felt to this stretch of authority, the Supplementary of a certain rank in life it is not perhaps irremediable. ladies have a bad character in this respect : it seems might merely keep a record of delinquencies, which, It occurs to us that, for those who can afford it, there settled in moral chromatics that the complementary being represented by numbers, would be reckonable might be a class of functionaries who would greatly, if colour of blue is dra). But many ladies, without being at the end of each week, when some less severe punishnot altogether, remedy the defect or aberration. To at all literary, contrive to be amazingly litterary-leave ment might be inflicted by the husband. Appearing this class of functionaries we would give the title of their clothes lying about in their rooms, keep awful en papillotes might, for instance, count 2 ; leaving out Supplementaries.
looking toilette tables, and, instead of ever putting any a petticoat on the floor, 3 ; mislaying keys, 6 ; and so For example, we shall suppose a married lady who thing to rights, are constantly putting wrong just as on. Having 30 of an aggregate in a week might be was in all respects a crown to her husband, as the old many things as possible. This class of ladies usually held to infer a penalty of a certain class ; 50, one of a epitaph has it, excepting that she was totally deficient have enough of respect for the world's opinion to dress higher class ; and so on. The nature of the punishin a sense of time, so that she never was punctual as in the most splendid style they can afford, and keepments would need to be adjusted with a regard to the to any duty or engagement. All that would be neces- very superb public rooms for the reception of company. tastes and inclinations of the lady ; but a series, consary in this case would be to keep a Supplementary. But all the rest of their houses, and all the time which sisting of a denial of new dresses, would be pretty sure It would be the first qualification of this person to they spend in privacy, are marked by slovenliness in- to meet the majority of cases. possess an uneasily exquisite sense of time—to be, in expressible ; the lucid interval being somewhat like There is a class of gentlemen who are excellent fact, an animated piece of horological machinery. a winter day in northern latitudes, in comparison with persons in all respects, except that they are totally Taking a survey of a day's duties, the first would of the long night of untidiness and trumpery. Charm- deficient in a sense of the value of money. The concourse be to admonish the lady of the proper hour to ing women in all other respects, affectionate wives, sequence is, that they are remarkably indifferent about rise, and, more than this, to take care that she did not good mothers, and ornaments to society, the expense of the proper means of gaining the world's pelf, and fall back upon an unfinished slumber, but did actually a Supplementary to make them quite perfect would be remarkably free and easy in spending it
. And, more get up. Once up and afloat in the house, and sup- well incurred. Such an official would require of course than this, by an apparent contradiction, which pracposing her to be a person who was not above seeing to be a paragon in that very quality which the prin- tically is found to be none, they contrive to spend a that all things were ready in time to allow of her cipal party wants. A sense of order so painfully nice vast deal of money which they never gained at all. In husband breakfasting and getting away in time to that a thread lying on a carpet produced discomfort, men otherwise so extremely agreeable and worthy, this business, she would require a few occasional admoni. and a dusty table untoid agonies, would be the grand is a very lamentable thing, for somehow the bulk of tions from her Supplementary as to the various affairs qualification. It would be necessary to produce mankind regard it with extreme severity and intolertherewith connected. In the course of the forenoon, certificates of several genuine faints at dusters left ance. There is, indeed, scarcely any little failing of she would perhaps need a touch of the hour-hand of on ottomans till the calling time of day, and child human nature which suffers so much downright actual her Supplementary, to enable her to dress in time for dren ushered into company without a proper atten- persecution as this blindness to the value of money. shopping, morning calls, and all that sort of thing. tion to something more than the counting of noses. Men are hunted for it out of society, have to go to On any day when she had appointments, it might be Here there would be far less difficulty in the choice of the continent, or no one knows where, in consequence necessary for her to be accompanied by the Supple- an official than in the case of the Unpunctual Lady, of it: in short, it brings them into the most dreadful mentary, who would sit by her side while she was for the female sex have that almost monopoly of order scrapes. This is evidently a class of cases where chatting with her friends, and tell her when it was which the other have of time. A good female Supple- a Supplementary would be of the greatest service. time to take leave and be off to another place. The hus-mentary for the Disorderly Lady might be got for little He should be a sort of live ready-reckoner, always band would find the benefit of the Supplementary's more than the salary of a lady's maid. It would be at the elbow of the party. The great difficulty services in a particular degree when he and his lady necessary, however, that, as in all other cases, she would be to operate so far upon the reason of such a had to go out together, whether to a walk, or a call, or should be invested with an unlimited authority. She gentleman as to induce him to put himself under the a party, as the necessity for his urging her to begin in would need to be regarded, not as a servant, but as guidance of the requisite official. But, supposing that time to dress, and dragooning her all the while to dress a kind of duenna or governess. A husband truly he was brought to this point, how much benefit might with dispatch, would be taken entirely off his hands, anxious about the good order of his wife's person and he and all his immediate connexions, as well as his and he might not have to spend a half hour in fretting household, would allow a very large latitude in her descendants, derive from a really right Supplemenand kicking his shins in the lobby above once in a instructions. A power of forcing the unfortunate tary! He would never feel inclined to build, or plant, twelvemonth. He would also relish very much the gentlewoman into clean linen whenever it was abso or improve, but his Supplementary would be instantly certainty of finding dinner ready, and his wife ready lutely necessary, and of dictating the proper hour for at his elbow, with a prospective view of the cost to set for it, on his coming from the office, and still more the exchange of the wrapper for the gown, would be before him. Ile might feel the strongest tendency to particularly the repose of mind which he would have amongst the simplest parts of her prerogative. Where the turf or to Melton Mowbray, but the Supplemenwhenever he expected company, being quite sure that there was a very inveterate propensity to sitting up to tary would quietly tell him it would not do. Was all culinary and other preparations would be duly the knees in confusion in a frowsy bed-room, all the the purchase of bijouterie, or pictures, or articles of made, and that the appearance of his dame to take up time that a clean and smiling parlour was left unoc-virtú, his craze, he might walk through unlimited a position in the drawing-room would be never less cupied, the Supplementary would need to have it in bazaars, arcades, and auction rooms, and, so that his than five minutes before the first rat-tat-tat at the her power to summon the whole forces of the house Supplementary stuck fast to him, he would be quite
safe. If he wished to entertain his friends, and thought may have been remarking to himself ever since then Reader, I wish you to descend the shaft with me of a champagne supper, the faithful Supplementary,
“ Why, our journalist would not be the worse of a the next time. I will tell the banksman that we are with one shake of the head, would bring him down to Supplementary himself, just to tell him when it is going down in a “corf” or basket. The "loop" mode time to stop.”
of descent is no pleasant thing ; for, unless you can a dinner of plain roast and port. Did a vision of a new
manage your stick well, you may get an unwelcome britschka rise on his morning dreams, the honest
bang against the sides of the shaft, besides experienc.
ing the sensation of amputation in your thigh, if you Supplementary would join him as he descended to the breakfast parlour, and dispel the perilous fancy in a
are at all tender-fleshed, from the cutting of the chain. We now suppose the colliery in full operation. The But I do not wonder at your eyeing the ropes with an moment. In short, the Supplementary would keep shaft is sunk to a good seam of coal, and the only ob- inquiring glance ere you trust your life to them. Well, such a man quite right, at a mere trifle of expense jects now in view are to keep out the water, to venti- then, those ropes are, as you see, flat, and composed of compared with the sum saved, and a worthy man late the mine, and to raise the coals, as well as to four strands, each four and a half inches in circumwould be preserved to his wife, children, and the raise the wind” and the price. To become acquainted ference, and the breadth of the four strands together world, instead of going himself, and sending every let us follow the colliers from their homes at four or the regular inspection of the banksman, but still
with the mode of descending and ascending the shafts, is four and a half inches. These ropes are under thing else, to the dogs.
five o'clock in the morning. To the pit's mouth they it is as well to tell you that they hare been known Another and opposite class of men would need a
are seen flocking from all quarters. Station yourself at to break. Ilowever, the corf is here. Now, lay Supplementary fully as much, at least for the sake the pit's mouth, and gaze around at them. In com- hold of the banksman's hand, step in, and grasp of their own credit : that is to say, the stingy and panies of three and four, they swing along with that the chain above you with both hands. You hear miserly would need one to admonish them when they dingy flannel dresses do they approach, with a pipe in ferate that long-winding - ho-o-o-oh!" Do not be
peculiar gait consequent upon their vocation. In | (unless you are congenitally deaf) the banksman vociought to spend and be generous. But it is vain to each mouth ; with one hand in a side pocket, and with alarmed. 'Tis true it is pitchy dark enough. Don't hope that men of this order would ever take a Supple- a Davy-lamp in the other. They are cracking their look up, or you will get your eyes filled with water mentary into their pay. The spendthrift might pos- dry jokes as they mount up the heap of ashes around droppings or dust. I am sorry you feel a degree of sibly submit to the companionship of a person who the pit, and they continue them as they tarry on the nausea; but it is not unusual in the first descent. was to save him from himself ; but the niggard would surface, till their turn for going down arrives. These You are unaccustomed to the rapid motion. Be com
men are the “hewers” or actual workers of the coal. posed ; that was only the other corf that passed you. boggle, at the very outset, at the salary, and prefer Their
tools, which are simple and few, have been sent Now, then, do you hear the “onsetter ?” Look down; going on saving his money, and sinking his name, and down before them. They have all a word to say to we are slackening speed. See ! there is the lamp at perishing his soul.
the “ banksman," who is the man stationed at the top the bottom. Here we are at last. Give your hand to There is a vast number of other cases in which a of the shaft to “land” the men and coals, and super- the onsetter; step out. Yes, I know you cannot see Supplementary would be seful. We submit that a
intend all that concerns the transmission of signals, of in the least degree. Give me your hand; mind that
messages, and of live and dead stock, through the shaft. hole-that horse there—that “ sump," or well, just bashful man would be much the better of one possess- In a few minutes, things are prepared for the descent before you. Sit down here a minute or two till the ing a good stock of assurance, to spirit him on to ad- of this set of men, the ropes being held ready by the “under-viewer,” or second mining superintendant, dress the fair when it was proper to do so, and to give banksman.
prepares all for us.
I think you had better carry a him some little confidence in his own powers when he
At the bottom of each rope is a chain terminating candle, a Davy lamp gives but a feeble light; here is was likely to slink aside from a race in which his com- in a hook, with a spring catch. The hewers and other your candle stuck in clay. Put the clay between
workmen descend and ascend the pit (or "ride,” as your third and fourth fingers in your left hand, and petitors were, manifestly to all but himself, inferior. they say) in pairs by a “loop," made by hooking back handle your stick gropingly in your right. Now, you Supposing bashful men generally to adopt the custom, this chain upon itself, the hook on its end being can see pretty well. The under-viewer walks first, I we might expect some interesting statistical tables passed through a link. A pair of men insert each a go second ; follow me. Now, we are proceeding up the from Mr Farr as to the increase of marriages—a kind leg in the loop, and laying hold of the chain or rope * mainway,” or, in fact, the high road of the pit. Right of result which might obviously be expected to be above it with one hand, are ready to counteract the and left of us will presently appear passages at right
effects of any oscillations by a stick in the other. In angles to this main way. You see that light in the still further swelled, if ladies also were to keep Sup- pits where both the ropes go in the same compart. distance ? there is a load of coal-baskets approaching plementaries to whisper to them when they ought to ment, they are not allowed to descend in baskets at us. Do you hear the boy who drives the horses whistsay yes, when they might otherwise be apt to say no. all. It is considered much safer to descend in the ling? Here he is; stand close up on one side. There; Young ladies might advantageously retain officers of loops than the “corves” or coal-baskets; and it is he passes you safely with his twelve corves of coals. this kind in their pay to tell them when they were
only where the ropes are divided by a partition that Follow on; stop, this is a door, called a trap-door ;
the men are permitted to descend in the baskets. the little boy behind it will open it for you. This door laughing too loudly, or looking too happy'; and, per- Where two ropes are in the same compartment of the is one of many placed in various parts of the mine haps, it might not be amiss for some young gentle- shaft, a relaxation of the speed of passage is arranged for directing the ventilating current of air, about which men to keep a very small but quick-witted Supple- at the “ meetings,” or point of conjunction of the more shall be said anon. Yes, the boy is very little ; mentary, to put them on their guard against being risk of being drawn over the pulleys above the pit's speak about these boys at large presently. Ah! your
Po prevent the probably, he is only nine or ten years old. We will stupid or frivolous, and hint ideas for them to operate mouth, the attention of the banksman, who manages candle is out! Do you hear the under-viewer say to upon in their endeavours to pass for smart fellows. the engine, is arrested by the mechanically-contrived the pitman “gi'e us a low?" This is pit language Absent men would need Supplementaries to tell them ringing of a bell at the approach of the load to the sur- for “Give me a light.” when some one was speaking to them, and to ad- face, and the winding-engine is duly stopped. Human You have burnt your fingers; it is common with monish them that they were on the point of walking beings ascending are, upon their arrival at the top of strangers. It requires some practice to carry a pitout in a shower of rain without putting on their the shaft, grasped by the outstretched hand of the candle (of which there are forty to the pound), with. hats. Clever people, whose only fault it is to speak banksman, and pulled on to the settle-board” or plat-out such misadventures. You find it very hot ; I eternally, to the exclusion of all conversation, would loop. A precautionary code of vocal signals is esta- in Hanness ; no such thing. You will be in draughts
form, and aided in disengaging themselves from the suppose you think you are too thickly sweltered up evidently be much the better of Supplementaries, just blished between the consetter,” or attendant at the of “return air” by and by, and will then feel it cold to make them aware that some other person might bottom of the shaft, and the banksman at the top ; enough. That is a crane for hoisting the baskets or have something to say as well as themselves. Bores, and when the men manifest their intention to ascend, corves of coals upon the waggons that have passed you. who tell awfully long stories, would require similar the onsetter, in addition to the transmission of such Now, turn here to the right. You have now left the service to admonish them of a tired audience. The notice by a “token” deposited in the next ascending mainway, or “winning headway,” and have turned long-tongued and empty-headed in general should be corf, makes that intention to resound through the shaft up a “board” or passage, at right angles to the high attended by Supplementaries ; and it might be sug- by vociferating to the banksman, “ Ho! send away a road you have come from. At the top of this board gested that, as a public interest is here as much con- loop;" and is responded to by the banksman.
we shall meet with the hewers at work. There ! you cerned as a private one, part of the expense ought to It is indeed amusing, but sometimes painful, to wit see their lights glimmering? Push on. You are tired? be borne by contribution, or out of the Consolidated Funds. But any such provision would obviously be
ness the perfect nonchalance with which boys of twelve Well, I do not wonder at it, for I suppose we have not improper in such a case as that of a young man of moment of the commencement of its upward course, This is an old pit, and consequently the workings are
or fourteen years of age will catch the rope at the very walked already less than three hard and weary miles. fortune, destitute of sense, manners, and discretion ; , and cling to it by winding their legs and arms round progressively more distant from the shaft every year. as, in the first place, it is greatly doubtful if his defi- it. When it is considered that they hang on in this There ! these black fellows are the hewers; they will ciencies are at all remarked ; and, in the second, if uncertain mode for a passage of from 500 to 1000 and most assuredly mulct you in half a crown for your he chose to have a little judgment supplied in this more feet, the sight becomes unpleasant to a stranger. temerity in coming here. “ Pay your footing" at once way, and found himself thought the better for it, it It has been asserted that boys, after the close of a gallantly. Now, then, we shall be permitted with must be so great an addition to all his other advan- hard day's labour, have actually fallen asleep while good-will to investigate most scientifically all the mystages, that, considering how rich he is too, he is well
“ riding” in this way, and that the banksman has been teries of coal-hewing. entitled to pay for it out of his own pocket.
compelled to grasp them with a somewhat rough hand, The modes of excavation must necessarily differ in When a case unluckily happens, as it sometimes in order to secure and awaken them. This seems accordance with the nature of the seam of coal. will, that one whom birth entitles to place and in- almost incredible, inasmuch as the act of falling asleep is not gold that glitters," and all is not coal that looks fluence is either not bright or not disposed for trouble, would tend to diminish the care of grasping the rope, black. There is much “band," "swad,” and “ foul it is clear that he ought to have a good Supplementary and to relax the curvature of the limbs ; but I was as- coal,” in most seams. The nature and thickness of engaged for him from the very dawn of existence. sured of its truth by two or three distinct parties who the interstratifications and other similar circumAt school this person should learn all his lessons for had witnessed such cases in former years, when the stances, decide the plan of hewing; the object, of him, take all his whippings, and fight all his quarrels. hours were much longer and the labour more severe. He should afterwards see him well through college,
course, being to send to bank the greatest quantity of enjoy a tour of the Continent for him, and be ready in use in the Wear collieries, is by square iron cages, and time. The plan of working is fixed by the viewer,
The modern plan of drawing coals, and that most marketable coals with the least expenditure of labour to supply all the knowledge and affectation of taste sliding upon four“ spears," or upright slides. These and he imposes certain restrictions and fines (by a which a young man ought to have. He should see to cages are divided into two or three compartments, bond) for such hewing as may be agreed upon as unkeep his principal out of all frolics of a positively into which the tubs of coal are conveyed. The tubs fair or wasteful-restrictions that are the subject of dangerous nature, select his party, direct his vote, and themselves, which I measured at Hetton Colliery pit, not a few disputes between the men and the viewer, at supply thought and reflection in general upon the shortest notice.
were of iron, 3 feet by 2 feet 6 inches, and 2 feet 6 some of which I have been present, and in which the Such an arrangement would be in inches in depth, holding 8 cwt. of coals, the tubs spokesmen of the pitmen manifest no small amount its way perfect-the Supplementary enjoying a good themselves weighing 3 cwt. The places of the tubs of adroitness and ingenuity in putting the strongest salary, and the principal having a tolerable reputation are occupied by men and boys in ascending and de- case for their side. Whatever be their acknowledged for sense and information, as well as for things of scending the shafts ; and certainly this mode is more deficiencies in other respects, there is no viewer who more importance.
agreeable and more safe, and has in most instances the will not give them credit for quite sufficient astuteWe might easily run over a number of other cases advantage of an overhead protection in the top of the ness to detect any imposition upon their rights of in which Supplementaries would be useful, but it cage. From two to six men can conveniently descend labour. The consequence of a viewer's persisting in scarcely can be necessary when every one is able to in this manner, and the chief cause for an accident a very obnoxious point may be an incipient local think of them for himself ; and, to tell the plain truth, would exist in one extending any part of his body be- strike; the result of the adherence of the whole body we are not quite sure that the reader may have yond the cage, which indeed nothing but wilful care- of viewers in resisting the claim may be a general thought so from the bottom of the first column, and i lessness could occasion.
In the ordinary mode of hewing the coal, the hewer
props have been drawn. When the process is very ac- | studious cousin. “ By means of credit,” said the other curves out about a foot or eighteen inches of the bottom of the seam, to the distance, perhaps, of three feet, bursting up of the strata, and thundering like the his cousin all the arts of a needy man of fashion,
tive, loud noises have been heard, resulting from the coolly ; " I run in debt.” Armand then laid bare to and then“ nicks” up, that is, cuts in with his pick one discharge of artillery, or as if some of the revengeful throwing over the subject such a glare and glitter, that of the nooks or corners of his board. By these means spirits of the mine were making tremendous havoc in it seemed as if the system of tricking creditors formed he has gained what he calls his “judd” or “ vantage.” their intestine wars. This “judd” is either brought down by the insertion of Long Benton, I was told that several years since a
In one very old pit, in the parish a source of perpetual amusement to him, rather than of wedges or the blast of gunpowder, in which latter sudden creep of so extensive a nature took place, this ?" said the dandy at the close of his revelations
an obstacle in his path. “ Are you astonished at all case he drills a hole in the opposite corner, fills it with nearly under the parish church, that the whole editice how deplorably ignorant you are of life! You are gunpowder, lights the match, and retires till the coal is torn down by the explosion. An able-bodied hewer gaps or sinkings being visible in the neighbouring ever be enabled to paint the real manners of society?
was shaken, and portions of the ceiling dislodged, writing a comedy, you say, by what means will you can hew about six tons of coal in a day. In this mode grounds. You feel it cool enough now? we are in the hewers proceed in excavating the coal, keeping the “ return air,” and shall very soon be at the midst of the bustle of life, picking up such information
You live like a hermit, when you ought to be in the the “boards” or passages about twelve feet wide. This shaft. Here we are again. Step into the corf; and experience as may, when you retreat once more one we are in you will find to be about that width. grasp the chain.“ Ho-o-o-oh !” drawls the onsetter; to your study, enable you to command that literary You observe that there are but two hewers at work at the banksman re-echoes the same. We are off! You success which you now long for in vain.” one time here. Some boards are made wider, to hold see the light now a little-now more ; and now we are three or four together. This board will be driven “at bank” again! Be cautious ; give your hand to the pictures and specious reasoning of his cousin. “ You
The student was completely taken with the artful through the coal until it has advanced about twenty | banksman; jump out-all right! We will go to the are in the right," cried he to Armand ; " you bave yards, when walls” or other passages are excavated viewer's house, wash, and change, and I will then pointed out the only certain road to fame and forat right angles to them. If you consider for a mo describe to you as much about colliery ventilation as tune.” “ Weil,” said Armand,“ since you seem sament, you will see that, by continually driving these may instruct and amuse you.
tisfied of this, I will show you that I am not one of boards, such as we are now in, six yards apart from
those who content themselves with giving counsel to each other, and nearly parallel to each other, and then
a friend, leaving him to find out for himself the means crossing them at every twenty yards by other pas
of following it. I will remove all difficulties from your sages, such a system of working will ultimately de
way at once. Take my place in society ; take my velop a large piece of panel work, the masses of coal
FROM THE FRENCH.
chambers, my dresses, my horses-every thing, in between the boards forming " pillars” of the dimen- The chronicles of by-past days inform us that a poor short, which I possess. My debts you cannot be comsions of six by twenty yards. These pillars are aptly rascal, out at elbows, and with coinless pockets, was pelled to pay. in your new position you may study so denominated, as they are, in fact, the supports of one day walking in a very pensive mood near the men and manners with every advantage; and when the mine. Formerly, the pillars were left in undis. Champs-Elysées of Paris, half uncertain whether it you are satisfied, say so, and quit the busy world at turbed possession of their loads ; and when the coal would not be his best plan to betake himself to the once. As for me, though unsated with the delights of was, with their exception, all excavated, the mine was real Elysian fields without delay, when he was accosted society, I have fatigued my system somewhat, and my abandoned. This was deemed necessary, chiefly from by a gentleman richly attired, who abruptly proposed physicians order quiet and repose. I shall take your considerations of inefficient ventilation, of which we to change suits with him. The melancholy stroller place in these apartments, and assume your lonely shall shortly speak at large ; but of late years, the in- at first deemed this one of the jokes which people with habits. What say you ?" troduction of the Davy-lamp, and improvements of holes in their coats must sometimes endure at the The prospect of the proposed change was too temptvarious kinds, have enabled the miners to obtain nearly hands of their more fortunate fellow-mortals ; but the ing not to gratify the peaceful and well-disposed the whole of the coal. Some collieries, actually aban- proposer of the exchange soon showed himself perfectly Ludovic Demarny; and in a short time he was indoned prior to the employment of the Davy-lamps, serious, by commencing to strip with great ‘alacrity stalled in his cousin's well-furnished apartments, with have been re-opened, and the pillars worked nearly A dress, rich in excess, and magnificently embroidered, the portals of society opened to him by numerous inout. The pillars are worked either by longitudinal with a hat gallantly winged with feathers, being very troductions. Young and enthusiastic, he enjoyed in or lateral excavations, numerous props of wood being much to be preferred to the looped and windowed a high degree the alteration in his course of life. All introduced to uphold the roof during the progress of raggedness characterising his own attire, the penniless was new to him, and he feasted eyes and ears on a this duty. When the pillars are removed as far as is muser began to uncase likewise, and in a few minutes banquet of luscious sweets. On the other hand, Arpracticable, these props are " drawn” or knocked down the exchange was regularly completed ; after which, mand Demarny assumed not less readily the new part by men, who speedily retreat as each falls—an opera- the seeming loser by the bargain took himself off in- laid out for him. And now it is necessary that we tion which, when I witnessed it, I was led to deem stantly. The new-born dandy or grandee, however, should give a hint of his Cartouche-like purpose in the most hazardous in the pit, as the withdrawal of had scarcely time to felicitate himself on his good for- proposing this scheme of metamorphosis to his ineach prop was not unfrequently followed by the fall tune, when he was seized by a body of the police, and nocent and unconscious cousin Ludovic. of large masses of stone in alarming proximity to our- hurried off to durance vile. It now turned out that At Hlavre-de-Grace, as Armand had learned just selves—a proximity the more alarming, when one the gentleman who had so readily parted with his rich before visiting Ludovic, a vessel was expected immebecame aware of the number of accidents that occur clothes had strong reasons for so doing, being, indeed, diately to land, bringing across the Atlantic a cerfrom such falls in the performance of this dangerous no other than the famous robber Cartouche, then hard tain elderly gentleman named M. Rollandeau, and proceeding. pressed by the myrmidons of justice.
his young and lovely daughter Eugenie. Now, M. When, then, the roof has thus fallen in, that por Ludovic Demarny, a young man whom we now beg Rollandeau was the uncle of the cousins Demarny, tion of the pit is denominated "goaf,” and sometimes to introduce to our readers, might have no suspicion and was possessed of great wealth, which he had " thurst." "This goaf, in highly gaseous seams, will of being the subject of a ruse similar to that of Car- made up his mind to bestow, along with the hand of not unfrequently become a natural gasometer; and touche, and indeed could not have any good grounds his daughter, upon whichever of the cousins seemed from five acres of it, in one of the pits at Wallsend for such a suspicion, when his cousin, Armand De most worthy of the honour. The artful Armand had colliery, a discharge takes place, through a four-inch marny, came to him one morning, and proposed not not only learned these circumstances, but had also metallic pipe, of two cubic feet of gas per second. The only to change dresses, but to change stations in the ascertained so much of the character of the merchant, pipe is carried up as high as the head gear above the world with his relative. This proposition was truly as to adopt the impression that the studious and quiet shaft; and from its oritice issues, with a roaring sound, somewhat surprising, all circumstances considered. cousin would be far more likely to please the prudent the stream of gas, which, having been ignited, forms The two cousins were of provincial origin, had been and monied merchant than the fashionable and exa flag of flame seven or eight feet in length, conspi- friends from boyhood, and, left in youth without travagant man of the world. Hence the proposal for cuous by day, and at night illuminating the entire much means, had both come to Paris to push their exchanging characters with the really quiet student. neighbourhood.
way in the busy world. They had then been sepa M. Rollandeau arrived in due time in Paris, and his When the coals are hewn or excavated, in come a rated in a great measure by differences in tastes and first visit was one paid to the now fashionable Ludovic, class of able-bodied lads called "putters." These lads habits. Ludovic had a strong tendency to poetry, and under pretence of purchasing one of his horses. When are divided into three distinct classes, according to had become a litterateur, dwelling in obscurity and shown in, the old merchant found the young man their strength. They all fill the corves or coal-baskets poverty, yet enjoying tranquillity in the dream-land reclining, in an elegant morning dress, on a magniwith the coals, and then “put,” that is, push or drag of imagination. Armand, on the contrary, though ficent ottoman, with a long Turkish pipe at his lips. them to the cranes. The full corf is placed upon a not possessed of greater personal advantages than his “Sell to you that splendid horse !" cried Ludovic, "tram," or little iron-wheeled carriage about three feet cousin, had found his way into the brilliant circles of when the fictitious proposal was made to him, “ my ten inches long, and the tram upon the tramway that fashion; and having no means of his own to maintain good old soul, don't think of it. Sell that unmatchconveys to the crane. The strongest putter, called a his position there, followed the not uncommon plan of able creature which won the last race at Chambery ! “ headsman,” has a little boy as his assistant, denomi- using the means of others for that purpose. In short, I should not take treble what you offer. So good nated a “foal.” The latter draws the corf with a pair he lived upon credit, becoming a willing debtor to all morning; excuse me; I must go and prepare for the of cords on level or uphill ground, and pushes against tradesmen and money-lenders who, dazzled by his steeple-chase at Bery.". With these words the newit with his back on declivities; and thus, for a dis- elegant aspect, residence, equipage, and companions, born dandy bowed out his visiter with great nonchatance of from sixty to a hundred-and-sixty yards, the were imprudent enough to yield to his assaults on their lance. The uncle shook his head, as he noticed two coal is pushed to the spot where it is to be lifted. purses.
or three discontented-looking persons waiting the outYou must now exchange your candle for a “ Davy," On the morning on which Armand called on his coming of the young dandy. They were evidently as the naked light is unsafe in these parts, and walk cousin Ludovic, as already mentioned, the poetical creditors, and the old man knew not for whom they this way to see the working of the pillars ; but you dreamer was in a state of despondency not unusual really waited. To that artful gentleman M. Rollanmust crawl, for you are too tall for these passages, with those pursuing a precarious literary existence. deau next betook himself, and found Armand in perwhich do not inconvenience the short colliers to Wearied out by continual drafts upon his brain, some fect readiness for the visit. The chamber in which he any serious degree. Now, we are at the pillar-work- of them not very productive, he fest in a mood to de sat was a peaceful and modest one on the third floor. ings. I perceive you perspire most abundantly ; so, sert the muse altogether, and resign the hopes of fame The pen was in the hand of the occupant, and books indeed, do I. This is a most suffocating atmosphere. and wealth with which she had so long flattered him. lay thickly strewn around him. Very different was You have merely an ocular contirmation of the cor “Ah!" said he, as Armand entered his humble apart. the look of the place from the extravagant glitter that rectness of the above description of the mode of ment, you are a happy fellow! You have addressed surrounded Ludovic, and here no angry creditors excavating the pillars. Well, then, we will return. yourself not to the illusions, but to the realities of frowned around the approach. M. Rollandeau, acNow, you are again able to stand nearly erect. You life. You have given to your young years their true cording to his plan, introduced himself as a man of may notice, in the course of your return, the fre- employment." "Yes, I am happy, perfectly happy," business. “I have been informed, sir, that, though a quent appearance of numerous peculiar semicircu- answered Armand ; “but wherefore car
young gentleman of some expectations, you are in larly concentric masses at the sides of the passages. as well as I? If you have hitherto gone astray in want of money. I can command, should we form a
These are called, technically, “ metal rigs.” They are pursuit of chimeras, keeping yourself in obscure proper arrangement, a sum of ten thousand francs.” portions of the floor of the mine, forced up by the penury, it is not yet too late to strike into a better Armand could not help pricking up his ears at this enormous pressure of superincumbent matter. These path. You have but to follow me, and I will show announcement, but he repressed the longings of old “ metal rigs” or “creeps” may be often observed in to you the route, strewn with gaieties and delights." habits, and answered meekly, “ Ah, sir, you are doubtincipient development, and in all the stages of com- The young fashionable then drew a brilliant picture less labouring under a mistake. Since lending money mencing and perfect creep. The perfect creep is that of his ordinary routine of existence, expatiating with is your business, you must have been directed to state in which the pressure has been sufficient actually tempting unction on the pleasures of the opera, on Ludovic Demarny, and not to Armand. We are to force up the floor against the roof of the mine. In his blood-horses and daslıing barouche, on his little cousins, but have nothing else in common but the such cases, a passage must be cut through at a great suppers, and all the other sources of amusement open name. Yes, sir, you have been misinformed. Armand expense, if the spot is one necessary to be opened for to the man of fashion.
Demarny is philosopher enough to be contented with the transit of coal. This creep goes on rapidly in the " But how do you manage to have all these pleasures little, and has nothing to do with money-changers; " waste" or deserted pillar-workings, and where the at command, scant of money as you are ?" asked the but go to Ludovic, and the an of fashion will be
you be so