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* That may be,” said Ma chère mère, but he must tempers. They opposed obstinacy to obstinacy--force We must hasten to conclude. Ma chère mère and fare like the rest ; the box shall be broken open.' against force. Brono must have died in his exile. the son, now restored to her affections, recover from

But the young baron is not at home,' said the ser Poor Bruno! I have truly lamented his fate, he was their wounds, and repair to the castle of Carlsfors, vant anxiously ; we cannot'

so good to me!' said she with a mournful counte where there is shortly a merry marriage party, in His mother commands it,' said she, warmly. nance, whilst a sentiment of deep sadness filled my which Serena is the bride. It was done. With her own hand the mother took heart also.” out books and clothes which had been thrown in in Impelled by an unquenchable desire to revisit early

OCCASIONAL NOTES. great disorder. Presently the hand was withdrawn, as scenes, and be reconciled to his mother, Bruno returns. it it had been burnt by red-hot iron ; she had stumbled He beseeches the wife of Lars to intercede for him,

AN INTERESTING PAMPHLET. upon a bundle of notes. It was the missing money. and to procure an interview with his parent; but the A SMALL pamphlet, not unlike a pocket-almanac in She took it out ; turned it about in her hand ; ex- attempt to mollify her hostility is in vain. Chance shape and appearance, has just been brought under our amined it, as if she could not believe her own eyes; at length puts it in the power of Bruno to rescue his notice. It is in Welsh, and the title runs thus-“ Ar grew paler and paler; and then, exclaiming in a voice mother from a sudden death by the impetuous flight Wrteithiau : Allan o Draethawd ar Amaethyddiaeth of inexpressible anguish, 'My blood !--my own flesh of her horses and carriage, and in doing so, both suffer a Diwylliant; gan James Jackson, Penicuik.” The and blood !'--sank as if lifeless to the floor.

serious personal injury. The mother and son, after English of this is—“On Manures: Taken from a TreaWe carried her out; and our exertions at length years of alienation, now stood face to face. " Their tise on Agriculture and Dairy Husbandry; by James recalled her to consciousness. Terrible was her looks seemed to pierce through each other. Ma chère Jackson, Penicuik.” When we edited the treatise of awaking. But she shed no tear, uttered no word of mère seemed to be smitten with the wildest amaze this worthy example of Scotia's peasantry, and sent it anger or complaint. She appeared strong and deter- ment, and stepped a little backwards. Bruno moved into the world in the guise of our “People's Editions," mined. She sent immediately to Pastor Rhen, the a step forward, and said slowly, and as with a be we little thought that a portion of it would so speedily clergyman of the district. He was a man of iron; numbed tongue, 'You are rescued. God be praised ! (albeit without permission asked), find its way into stern, strong, and one ready to combat with word or And for me now only remains to die, or to win for- Welsh and be thumbed at the firesides of old Cambria. deed, in support of what he considered right; and, giveness ! My mother ! my mother!' exclaimed he Yet such is the case, and we have another instance of more than this, he was an honest and faithful friend at once, as if an angel had loosened tongue and feel how humble merit will sometimes push its way upof Ma chère mère. To him she confided this painful ing, while, with a heart-rending expression, he sank ward, and become known in spite of all things to the circumstance, and they, too, decided the steps which down and embraced her knees. My mother, wilt contrary, A passage in English tells us that the treashould be taken in consequence. I anticipated what thou not pardon ? wilt thou not bless thy son ? Take tise is “highly approved of, and patronised by Sir was designed, and made use of the influence I had the curse from my brow. Mother, I have suffered R. W. Vaughan, Bart., Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart., frequently found myself to possess with Ma chère mère, much! I have wandered about without peace ! I am and the Right Hon. the Earl of Powis.” This is to induce her, but in vain, to resort to less severe, or, destitute of peace yet : peace can never be mine while gratifying. There are some Welsh landowners, it at all events, less violent measures.

But all my re

I am thrust from thy bosom. I have suffered ; I appears, alive to the value of knowledge in one of presentations were useless.. She merely answered, have suffered much ; I have repented; I can and will the most important departments of husbandry, and

Unpunished crime only induces to still further atone. But then you must pardon ; you must bless whose example cannot fail, we should think, to infect crime. Bitter must be atoned for by bitter.'” me, mother. Mother, take away the curse! Lay a others. If the recommendations conveyed in our

All were assembled in the hall. The door was blessing on my head. Mother, will you not staunch friend Jackson's treatise were duly followed, we feel opened, and Bruno stepped in, paused, and started. the blood which flows on your account ? See, mother!' quite assured that many thousands of pounds now Llis mother, in a voice hollow and stern, was heard to and Bruno raised his clotted locks, through which lost would annually be saved to the country. accuse him of theft ; and pointing to his rifled chest deep and streaming wounds were visible; 'see, mother!

IRELAND, AS A FIELD OF EMIGRATION FOR SCOTSMEN. "and to the money which had been found in it, she if thou wilt not lay thy hand liere in blessing, I swear demanded his confession.

that this blood-stream shall never cease till my life [The following notes as to the advantages of emigrating to IreBruno acknowledged himself guilty with an incon- has welled out with it, and has sunk me to the grave, land from Scotland, and we suppose we may add England, have ceivably bold haughtiness.

on which alone thou wilt lay thy forgiveness. There, been handed to us by a gentleman who has lived inany years * Fall upon your knees, and receive your punish there first shall I find peace. "Oh, mother! was an among our Irish brethren, and is very much impressed with the ment !' said the stern judge. But Bruno bent not. error in young and wild years, then, so un pardonable? truth of the observations which he has been led to make. We A consciousness which, after his haughty confession, Cannot a later life of virtue and of love make atone pronounce no opinion on the subject, and only recur to the many seemed to have deprived him of all volition, over ment? Mother! cast me not off. Let the voice of

thousands of times told truth, that the grand reason why men

of skill and capital have not repaired to Ireland in greater numwhelmed him ; he stood pale as death, his head drop- thy son penetrate to thy heart. Bestow on me forped upon his breast, and his eyes riveted to the giveness, full forgiveness !'

bers, has been the unsettled state of the country and the terror ground.” A scene of anger and strife ensued. The Overcome by my feelings, I threw myself on my English capital may be safely enibarked in improving and work

of personal maltreatment. Let it be convincingly shown that mother finally demanded whether he “would submit knees by Bruno, and cried, Pardon! Pardon !

ing the great natural resources of Ireland, and millions of pounds, himself to her will, or receive her curse? Mother What during this time passed in Ma chère mère's

now lying useless, will be speedily transferred across the channel.) and son looked at each other with eyes of fame and heart, I know not. It seemed to be a contest of life defiance. They stood so long. Again she repeated and death. She moved not; with a fixed and im

If the young men of Scotland were aware of the fair the question ; and then followed terrible words on movable gaze she looked down at the kneeling one; life, many more would seek their fortune in that country.

prospects of doing well in Ireland, in almost any walk of both sides. Again all was still; the curse-speaking and convulsive twitches passed over her pale lips. But Difficult as it may be to believe, there is, perhaps, no lips became stiff, the haughty glance dimmed, and as his voice ceased, she lifted her hand and pressed it country in the world in which, at this moment, a steady mother and son sank fainting together. Both were strongly against her heart. My son! Oh! industrious man, above the class of the common labourer, carried to their separate chambers.

said she, with a hollow voice. She sighed deeply; her would more certainly succeed than in Ireland. The inIn the night, when all was dark and still, we heard countenance became yellow, her eyes closed, she reeled, dustrious mechanic, the shopman, the tradesman, &c., a wild, prolonged, and thrilling cry from his room. I and would have fallen to the ground, if Bruno had not have there a fine field. No one can travel through Iresprang up and hastened there. Bruno's mother was sprung up and caught her in his arms.

land without being astonished at the backward condition standing there alone, with a wild and agitated look ; He stood. a moment still, his mother pressed to his of almost all parts of this fertile island. Various unforhe was gone. The open window seemed to indicate bosom, and gazed on her countenance, over which tunate circumstances have hitherto prevented its imthat he had made his escape that way, although a de- death seemed to have shed his awful peace. "Is it thus,

' provement. But these have mostly been removed, and scent from a leighit like that appeared almost incre- said he, with a forced calmness, is it thus, then, that the political and religious ferments of the country are dible ; but yet it was so. Bruno fled that night from we are reconciled, mother? Thus thou restest on the fast wearing out. All classes seem disposed to countehis mother's roof, and never returned. We never bosom of thy son, and he on thine. Thou art pale, my awakened to the advantages of a steady application to

nance, if not to practise, sobriety; and all appear to have heard tidings of him, and all inquiries were vain. He mother, but peaceful, and lookest kind-kind as God's seemed as completely to be gone as if cut out from propitiation. It was not thus that I saw thee the land after 1745, seems to be just commencing that career

matters of practical utility. Ireland, indeed, like Scotthe number of the living. Seventeen years have last time ; but the hour of wrath is over ; is it not so, of improvement which Scotland has, in seventy or eighty passed since this unhappy time, and we have never my mother? The grave has opened itself, and we go years, so splendidly realised. discovered the least trace of him.

down there reconciled, and heart to heart ; one in my While Scotland is almost overrun with active young From the moment of Bruno's escape, Ma chère last hour, as we were one at my first sigh !' and he men seeking for opportunities or openings for the exermère spoke not one word for three years. She shut kissed her pale lips and cheeks with passionate ten cise of their industry in any respectable station of life, herself in her own room, which was darkened ; would derness.

Ireland stands in need of exactly the description of perendure neither light nor the sight of man; and spoke * Bruno ! Bruno !' I exclaimed, imploringly, and sons who so much abound, but who cannot find suitable to no one but a single faithful attendant." weeping, seized his arm. • Bruno, you kill your mo

employment, in Scotland. With the exception of a very Here Lars Anders finishes his narrative. We learn, ther and yourself when you go on in this manner.

few of the principal towns on the coast, nothing in Europe as the work proceeds, that Ma chère mère returns to Come, we will lay her on a bed. We must endeavour equals in wretchedness the towns in Ireland. The want a state of seeming contentment, but leaves the castle to recall her to consciousness ; we must bind your thing which constitutes an advanced state of civilisation, of Ramm, and betakes herself to that of Carlsfors, at wounds.' Bruno made no answer, but took his moa few miles distance. Years pass on; the step-sons ther in his arms, and carried her into another room, this fine island. I was compelled lately to pass several

is distressing to the native of Great Britain who may visit marry, and occasionally pay a friendly visit to the where he laid her softly down upon a bed.

days in a town in the interior, containing about 20,000 inbaroness. The name of Bruno is never mentioned ; I stood near her pillow; I stood between mother habitants, in which the only place of entertainment, called he is believed to be dead in some foreign clime. The and son ; and instead of answering her question, I by Irish courtesy the Hotel, was so filthy, disgusting, and wife of Lars is deeply affected with the story of his drew myself back, and their eyes met each other. A miserable, that I became actually unwell from vexation. flight, and speaks of him to the gentle Serena, who beam of heavenly light, of ineffable love, kindled in This miserable inn was, notwithstanding its want of all musters up recollections of him in his infancy. them; and in it melted their souls into one. She proper accommodation, crowded with strangers drawn to

". I remember yet so well how Bruno led me about raised herself with energy, and stretched out her hand the town by business, like myself, and all venting their in the woods, or drew me in my little carriage. The with the warmest expression of maternal feeling, unavailing complaints to the landlord. There is no want first impressions which I received of the beauty of while she said, “ My son, come hither: I will bless

of circulation of people in the interior of the country, life and nature were from this time. I remember so thee !

nor of a moderate internal trade. All that is wanting are well, how the murmuring in the woods delighted me, He stood up. The tall gigantic man staggered like business, more energy and enterprise; all of which a better

better accommodations, better shops, better habits of and how I was enchanted with the flowers which he a child, and sunk on his knees by the bed of his mogathered for me. If he sang, I sang too, and when ther. She laid her hands on his bloody head, and Scotland above described, would abundantly provide,

educated, more civilised people, like the young men of he bore me in his arms, and sprang over the moun: said, with a strong voice and a deep solemnity, 'I take greatiy to their own advantage, and to the benefit of the tain ravines, I felt no fear, He was never impatient the curse which I once laid on the head of iny country. or unfriendly towards me; and I shall never forget son. I bestow on him my full forgiveness. May the Of late years, a number of Scotch houses of business how once, when he was about to beat one of his man atone for the error of the youth. Let the past have been established in the principal towns of Ireland, brothers, he desisted when I wept, and called him by be as if it never had been. I acknowledge that I owe apparently with all the success which they merit. Their his name. Ah, depend upon it, that he was not wisely my life to my son ; and I pray God Almighty to bless example has been most striking in producing better treated. They certainly had not sufficient regard for thee, my son Bruno Mansfeld, as I bless thee now. habits, and more activity amongst

the native shopkeepers. his ability of loving. Had they, he would not have Amen! With that she opened her arms ; be clasped Judging from the overflowing congregations in the Prescaused his mother so much anxiety, and not have Hled his round her ; bosom was pressed to bosom, lip to byterian churches, it is supposed that the tide of emihis his lip ; they held one another in a long and close em

gration has set in strongly from Scotland, more particu' And what do you suppose occasioned his flight brace. Every breath seemed to be full of reconcilia-larly as the number of those churches is yearly increasing from home? I inquired.

in tion, of love, and happiness. Fifteen years of bitter "I have been told,' said Serena, “that dissension pangs were in this moment recompensed and forgot- more might find employment, if not fortune, in Ireland.

Still, the field is so ample, that thousands and thousands with his mother, and severe treatment on her side, ten. I stood near them, and wept for joy and thank. The advantages which Ireland offers to the active and occasioned it. There was great similarity in their fulness."

industrious Scotchman are, that common rough labour

to come.

is cheap, that the various classes of shopkeepers, trades colossal figures, which represent “the three precious full of interest, arranged along the sides—is occupied men, mechanics, &c., are usually idle, negligent, often Buddhas :" Mé-lih Fuh, whose reign is already past; by a pavilion, forming, in fact, the termination of the extravagant, and more disposed to spend than to get Heen-tsee-Fuh, that person of Buddha who now reigns saloon, from which it is separated by a species of money ; and too many are positively dishonest in their

over the world ; and We-loe-Fuh, whose reign is yet carved net-work, which seemed to us as beautiful as dealings. Generally, they possess no proper system or

There is but little difference in these mon- it was unique. The carving, forming, as it were, a method in managing their affairs. It is often remarked, strous idols, which are nearly twenty feet in height, magnificent frame to the scene represented within, that wherever the active and careful Scotchman enters into competition in any branch of business, in any

save that the last mentioned, typifying the “future” penetrates entirely through the wood, and represents town, with the less industrious Irish tradesman, that the power, sits with clasped hands. They are formed of figures of animals, birds, flowers, fruits, &c., the shop of the latter is either soon improved or soon closed. clay, and entirely covered with burnished gold. colours being as gorgeous as gilding and paint can Many of the most thriving and wealthy men in Ireland Near to the temple is an interesting group, consist- make them ; yet they are so skilfully disposed, as to are natives of Scotland, who settled in Ireland with no ing of three literary gentlemen, a mandarin of the harmonise perfectly, and could not, we think, oftend capital, having nothing to depend upon but their own fourth class, and servants. One figure is supposed to the most delicate taste. The room thus enclosed is a steady and persevering exertions, by which they have, be reading aloud a translation of Æsop's Fables. In perfect fac-simile of an apartment in a wealthy Chinagreatly to their credit, earned large fortunes.

the hand of this philosopher the visitor observes what man's dwelling. In the opposite corners are placed Though the field is ample, yet it must not be expected he would naturally take for a smelling bottle, were he square carved tables of some hard wood, with marble that it will yield fruit without toil and care. But what

not apprised that it is a receptacle for snuff. Tobacco, tops, and hangings of embroidered velvet, on which a so many young men, natives of Scotland, have done in

transmuted into snuff, appears to be carried, not in servant has placed some fruit for the refreshment of almost every industrious calling in Ireland, it may be boxes, but in small bottles, with stoppers, to which the guests. On the right of one of these stands a long fairly hoped that others can do.

there is attached a little spoon, or shovel. With this high table, similar to a common sideboard, upon which

we are told they take out the pungent dust, and place rests ornamental stands and fruit. On each side of THE CHINESE COLLECTION.

it upon the back of the left hand, near the lower joint the apartment are chairs of a corresponding style,

of the thumb, whence it is snuffed up to the olfac alternately arranged with small tea stands, with a ONE of the principal objects of attraction in London tories, there to perform its titilating office. A por- footstool for each chair, besides flower-pots, porcelain for the last few months has been a large and highly tion of the furniture of this compartment consists of stools, embroidered silk lanterns, and other trifling interesting collection of articles from China. The cold a pair of Chinese book-cases made of ebony, the panels articles of furniture ; while opposite to us is an aperlection is the result of twelve years' indefatigable exer- and other parts of which are exquisitely carved and ture in the wall, which we certainly did not at first take tions on the part of Mr Dunn, an American gentle highly polished. The books are kept in the lower for a door, or rather doorway, or aperture for exit ; but man. That he has been carried through his under section, where they are protected from dust by doors such it is, though of an oval form, and surrounded taking by enthusiastic perseverance, is self-evident ; in front; the doors, however, are at present open, a

with an ornamental fret-work similar to the exterior. and we have ourselves derived so much instruction servant being in the act of handing a volume to one Through this doorway we are favoured with a perand gratification from a visit to his exhibition, that of the gentlemen ; the upper section is an open cabi. spective view of Chinese scenery., The walls of the we would fain shadow forth our feelings, however net, divided into five unequal compartments, in which room are hung with a variety of decorations, chiefly faintly, to readers whose distant homes deny them a are arranged divers ornamental articles. The books—long silken scrolls with maxims; and feather fans, similar privilege. Situated near Hyde Park, and the looking, when open, very like manuscript music, but china vases, and many ornamental articles, are scatedifice having been erected for the purpose, let the printed only on one side of the paper—are laid in tered in profusion. The pavilion contains six figures, reader imagine an apartment 225 feet in length by 50 a horizontal position, and the titles are placed on intended to represent the mode of paying and receivin width, with lofty ceilings supported by numerous the end instead of the back, each work of several ing visits. Tea and pipes seem to be served on these pillars. Or such as have but vague ideas of measured volumes being preserved in an envelope or case of blue occasions, as well as sweetmeats or dried fruits. The space, must understand that this chamber is vast nankeen or silk. Between the book-cases are sus common mode of salutation is to join the closed hands, enough to contain many completely fitted up Chinese pended on the wall a pair of silken scrolls bearing the and lift them twice or thrice to the head, saying, rooms, and two entire houses, with shops, stock in trade, following maxims :-“ The sages taught four things “ Haou — tsing — tsing ;" that is, “ Are you well." &c. &c. And as the last are among the startling novel--Letters, Morality, Fidelity, Truth ;” and “the “Hail ! hail !" And at other times, when said to perties which first attract a stranger, we will begin by highest pleasure is not equal to the study of letters." sons of whom they have before heard on first meeting describing them, although they are placed nearly at The mandarin of the party, who is listening attentively them, “ Ioo yang fang ming,” or, I have heretofore the end of the catalogue; a ok, by the way, to which to the fable, is essed in a long silk petticoat fastened thought with veneration on your fragrant name.” we gladly refer when our own notes are at fault. The round the waist by a belt, which is united in front by But it would be nearly impossible to describe half first is a silk mercer's shop, as seen in the streets of a clasp. A variety of accoutrements is attached to the scenes which memory recalls ; the company of Canton, completely furnished, the house for the family this belt, rather military in appearance, but not at all actors in their fanciful and gorgeous dresses, the being over the retail establishment. The figures both formidable in reality. In fact, a Chinese never goes female characters being, as was once the case in here and throughout the collection are so wonderfully armed, as the jealousy of the government has denied England,

represented by youths ; the jugglers in the life-like, that it is with difficulty we can persuade our- the privilege of wearing arms to all except soldiers on act of performing their frightful feats, or the artisans selves they will not presently begin to speak, the de- parade. The appendages referred to are, therefore, at their different trades-the latter, to our mind, far lusion being of courso greatly assisted by the costumes, altogetlier peaceful, such as a silk fan sheath, em more agreeable objects. Perhaps a useful hint might which are, in fact, veritable dresses of the Chinese. broidered tobacco pouches, &c. The cap is cone be obtained from the manner in which the cobbler The figures are the size of life, and are modelled from shaped, but not turned up at the edge, having crim wears his spectacles. He bends over his work, of a peculiar species of clay admirably adapted for the son silk pendant from the crowning ball. This is a course, much as an English shoemaker does, but he is purpose, and afford specimens of a style of art alto summer cap. While on the subject of costume, we protected from the otherwise very possible disaster of gether new in England. Though a sort of family re may as well advert to the fact, that the dress of every the spectacles falling off, by their ends being formed semblance runs through almost all the collection, we grade of society in China is fixed by usage--persons as loops, which fasten easily round the ear. Not the understand they are, for the most part, accurate like in the lower class wearing coarse and dark-coloured least curious articles to which our attention was nesses of individuals, some of whom are yet living. fabrics, while those who have been more favoured in drawn, were the far-famed lanterns, several kinds High cheek-bones, small eyes, flat noses, a dingy yel- the accidents of birth and fortune, seek the gratifica- being here presented to our view. They are made of lowish complexion, and rather a heavy expression tion of their tastes in costly silks, satins, furs, broad horn, silk, glass, or paper, and sometimes of a netting of countenance, seem the prevailing characteristics. cloths, and embroidery. There is, consequently, much of fine thread, orerspread with a thick coating of varIn the mercer's shop two purchasers have been placed variety. though “ the general mode is not departed nish, the frame being often richly carved, and the at the counter, one of whom is scrutinising a piece of from, the usual articles being a shirt, drawers, a long silk which covers it elegantly embroidered. A late silk that lies before him. The owner, behind the gown or pelisse, buttoning in front, stockings and writer, remarking the national attachment of the counter, is carelessly leaning forward, and intent on shoes. The shoes are singular ; generally of em Chinese to their lamps and lanterns, and the constant casting an account on the “calculating dish” (a strange broidered cloth, sometimes the nppers being of one use of them, relates the following amusing anecdote. looking thing, not very unlike a dish of wooden beads), colour, sometimes another. The lower portion of the When Captain Maxwell passed the Bogue in the the Chinese being no adepts at mental arithmetic ; soles is leather made of hog's skins, while the inter- Alceste frigate, as he came up with the battery of the while his clerk is busy making entries in the book, in mediate spaco, commonly about an inch in thickness, A-ming-hoy, the fort appeared well lighted, and a doing which he shows their method of holding a pen- is filled up with bamboo paper, with the edge painted brisk cannonade was commenced upon the ship. cil, which is placed perpendicularly between the thumb white. They are quite light, notwithstanding their However, after the first broadside liad been fired and all the fingers. It is customary with the Chinese clumsy appearance. Blue seems a favourite colour ; upon the fortress, the whole place was deserted, and shopkeepers to eat their daily meals in their places of frequently the entire dress is of this hue, or, if not, it the embrasures were quickly as dark as before. The business ; in the present instance, a servant is prepar- is greatly decorated with it.

Chinese were thoroughly frightened, and ran off with ing breakfast.

A circular eight-legged table, very Our readers are probably aware that coarse sack all precipitation. At the same time, instead of consimilar to those used by our great-grandfathers, is cloth is the universal mourning apparel in China ; and cealing their flight in the darkness of the night, each spread at the end of the shop; among its furniture we are here presented with a gentleman thus attired. man seized his lantern, and clambered with it up the the ivory chop-sticks are the most novel ; and how The shoes are white; the hair and beard are per- steep side of the hill immediately behind the fort. they do contrive to convey the food to their mouth mitted to grow unshaven ; and an odd species of head. The sight of so many bald-pated soldiers, with their with these loose sticks, we know not, unless they ac gear surmounts the cranium. He is attended by a long pigtails dangling at their backs, each with a cept aid from those primitive forks--fingers ; a sup- servant, who carries a mourning lamp, of which a great pointed balloon in his hand, must have been exposition not altogether unlikely, On the left hand number are exhibited in their funeral processions, tremely ludicrous, and probably took away any slight sits a gentleman with a pipe, perhaps a chance comer, and are distinguished from all others by the presence inclination the marines might have felt to have a just dropped in about meal-time ; at the door, a blind of the emblematic white. They wear mourning for a shot at such excellent marks. Besides these, there beggar-probably of the unhappy class deprived of considerable period ; and three years must elapse, after are many hundreds of curious implements of house. sight in infancy by their inhuman parents for the pur- the death of a parent, before children are permitted hold use, specimens of the rich manufactures of the pose of exciting compassion--stands beating two bam- to marry.

Chinese, as well as the ingenious contrivances for boo sticks against each other, an operation with which Not far from the mourners we find a Chinese sedan, which they have been so justly famed ; so that after a he continues to annoy all whom he visits, till he is in which the owner is comfortably seated, while he is visit, as long as that we paid to this most wonderful relieved by some trifling gratuity. A small covered borne gently along by a couple of coolies. And here, collection, one feels inclined to talk of one's “resitub filled with tea, with a few cups close by, stands on as in all the instances already alluded to, we must beg dence in the celestial empire.” That the Chinese are the counter, from which we are informed all custom- the reader to remember, that these are no miniature descended from the wandering Tartar tribes, there is, ers are invited to help themselves. We should add, representations, but full-size figures, most wonderfully of course, no doubt; and it is not a very fanciful nothat an air of order pervades the shop, and that the life-like, their dress and appendages being all real. tion to trace, even in their present architecture, some shelves seem arranged much after our own fashion. The width of a street in Canton is delineated, and the remains of their original dwellings-tents. To ponder Here, as elsewhere, we find one or two inscriptions sedan, except that it is more open and of gayer colours, over the change that thousands of years have effected, hung up against the wall: and we will transcribe the is not very unlike, in construction, those used by us in which have converted restless wanderers into that translation of a few of these amusing scrolls. “Gos- the last century; the bearers, however, support it on nation of all which cover the earth, the most serried sipping and long sitting injure business.” “Former their shoulders, instead of carrying the poles in their in their dwellings, and the least inclined to roam customers have inspired caution-no credit given.” hands. Here, again, we learn that the distinctions of from them, is neither uninteresting, nor, we hope, “A small stream always flowing." "Trade circling rank prevail; for private gentlemen are allowed only unprofitable ; but in their case it seems more than like a wheel,” &c. The “ next door neighbour's” is a two bearers, civil officers four, viceroys eight, while commonly difficult to prove, from a knowledge of the china repository, much on the same scale as the silk the emperor's dignity requires sixteen. Mandarins past, true prophets of the future. Shut up from the mercer's, and its rich stock is somewhat tantalising are preceded by men bearing pendant banners, with period of their very origin as a nation, denied the to the lovers of such ware. an inscription that signifies, “Clear the way."

reflected light of the stranger's wisdom, the Chinese Opposite to the houses and shops we are presented The extreme end of the long apartment-having the people have remained children in intellectual advancewith the section of a religious temple, containing three groups we have mentioned, and many others equally I ment; while, if we ma use the metaphor, later born



nations have arrived at maturity, and some have even horse only was found near the carriage. The mail with the four horsemen, deposed that he was the one passed on towards the impotence, which, without the bad been robbed of 75,000 livres in assignats, silver, who had spurs affixed to his boots, hussar fashion. respectability of age, has sometimes been the fate and bank bills.

On the day of his arrest, Lesurques wrote to his of powerful kingdoms. The advancement of the The officers of justice, in their researches, imme- friends the following letter, which was intercepted, Chinese is their own; they are self-educated ; and diately discovered that five persons had passed through and added to the legal documents :-“My friend, their love of peace, industry, and ingenuity, as well as the barrier of Rambouillet, proceeding to Paris be. since my arrival in Paris, I have experienced nothing their reverence for learning, albeit the stream must tween four and five o'clock in the morning after the but troubles, but I did not expect the misfortune fow only in one appointed channel, are traits in their murder. The horse ridden by the postilion was found which now overwhelms me. Thou knowest me, and character on which the thoughtful would fain build wandering about the Place Royale ; and they ascer. thou knowest whether I am capable of degrading bright hopes for the future.

tained that four horses, covered with foam, and quite myself by crime ; yet the most frightful of crimes is exhausted, had been brought about five o'clock in the imputed to me. I am accused of the murder of the

morning to a man named Muiron, Rue des Fosses- courier to Lyons. Three men and two women, whom THE LYONS COURIER.

Saint Germain l'Auxerrois, by two persons who had I know not, nor even their abode (for thou knowest hired them the evening before. These two persons that I have never left Paris), have had the assurance were, a man named Bernard, and Couriol. Bernard to declare that they remembered me, and that I was was immediately arrested ; Couriol escaped.

the first who rode up on horseback. Thou knowest In the month of April 1796–or, according to the In the course of the inquiry, it became evident that I have never mounted a horse since I arrived in dates of the French republic, in Floreal of the year 4 that the criminals must have been five in number. Paris. Thou wilt see of what vital import to me is - a young man, named Joseph Lesurques, arrived in A description was obtained of the four persons who such testimony as this which tends to my judieial asParis with his wife and his three children from Douai, hed ridden from Paris and stopped at Mongeron and sassination. Assist me with thy memory, and try to Lis native town. He was thirty-three years of age, Lieursaint, from the many persons with whom they remember where I was and what persons I saw in and possessed of a fortune of 15,000 livres (L.600) per had conversed on the road. A description was also Paris– I think it was the 7th or 8th of last monthannum, inherited from his own and his wife's relations. obtained of the man who had taken his place with the

so that I may confound these infamous calumniators, He took apartments in the house of a M. Monnot, a courier under the name of Laborde, from the clerk and punish them as the laws direct.” notary in the Rue Montmartre, and made prepara. at the coach office, and from those who had seen him At the bottom of this letter were written the names tions for permanently residing in Paris and educating take his seat.

of the persons he had seen on that day : Citizen Tixier, his children. One of his first cares was to repay one Couriol was traced to Chateau Thierry, where he | General Cambrai, Mademoiselle Eugenie, Citizen Guesno, proprietor of a carrying establishment at lodged in the house of one Bruer, with whom, too, Hilaire, Ledru, his wife's hair-dresser, the workmen Douai, 2000 livres he had formerly borrowed. On the Guesno, the carrier of Douai, was also staying. The engaged on his apartments, and the porter of the day following, Guesno invited Lesurques to breakfast. police proceeded there, and arrested Couriol : in his house. He concluded by saying, “thou wilt oblige by

They accordingly went to No. 27, Rue des Boucheries, possession was found a sum of money in assignats, seeing my wife often, and trying to console her." in company with two other persons, one of whom, a drafts, and money, equal to about a fifth of what had Lesurques, Guesno, Couriol, Bernard, Richard, and gentleman of the name of Couriol, was invited, in con been taken from the mail. Guesno and Bruer were Bruer, were tried before the criminal tribunal : the sequence of his calling on the third party just as they also taken into custody, but they proved alibis so dis- three first as authors or accomplices of the assassinawere sitting down to breakfast. The party remained tinctly, that they were discharged as soon as they tion and robbery ; Bernard for having supplied the four at table until nearly twelve o'clock, when they pro- arrived in Paris.

horses ; Richard for having concealed Couriol and his ceeded to the Palais Royal, and after having taken The Bureau Central intrusted to one Daubenton, mistress Madeleine Breban, and for having concealed coffee at the Rolonde du Caveau, separated.

the juge de pair of the division of Pont-Neuf, and an and divided all or part of the stolen property ; Bruer Four days afterwards (on the 27th April), four officer of the judicial police, the preliminary investi- for

having received Couriol and Guesno in his house horsemen, mounted on good, but evidently hired gations in this affair. This magistrate, after dis- at Chateaux Thierry. In the course of the trial, the horses, were observed to ride out of Paris through the charging Guesno, had told

him to apply at his office witnesses who pretended to recognise Guesno' and Barriere de Charenton, as if on a party of pleasure. the next morning for the return of his papers, which Lesurques persisted in their declarations. Guespo They all wore long cloaks, as was then the fashion, had been seized at Chateau Thierry; at the same time, and Bruer produced evidence that completely cleared and sabres hanging from their waists. One of the he had ordered a police officer, named Heudon, to set them. Guesno proved his alibi in the most distinct party was Couriol.

out immediately for Mongeron and Lieursaint, and to manner, and thus insured his acquittal. Lesurques Between twelve and one o'clock, the four horsemen bring back with him the witnesses, of whom he gave called fifteen witnesses, all citizens, exercising respectarrived at the pretty village of Mongeron, on the road a list, so as to have them altogether the next day at able professions, and enjoying the esteem of the public. to Melun and Burgagne. One of the party had the central office, ready to be examined.

He appeared at the bar with remarkable confidence gallopped forward to order dinner at the Hotel de la Guesno, being desirous to obtain his papers as soon and calmness. The first witness for the defence was Poste, kept by Sieur Evrard; after dinner, they asked as possible, left home earlier than usual ; just before Citizen Legrand, a countrymen of Lesurques, a wealthy for pipes and tobacco, and two of them smoked. They he reached the central office, he met his friend Le- silversmith and jeweller. He testified that, on the Sth, paid their bill, and went to the casino of the place, surques. They conversed together, and Guesno having the very day the crime was committed, Lesurques where they took four cups of coffee. At three o'clock explained the cause which took him to the office of passed one part of the morning with him. In addition, they mounted their horses ; and, following the road, the Juge de Paix, proposed that he should accompany Aldenof, a jeweller, and Hilaire Ledru Chausfer, afshaded by beech trees, which leads from Mongeron to him. They went to the office, then at the hotel now firmed that they had dined with the prisoner on the the forest of Lenart, they proceeded, at a foot pace, occupied by the Prefect de Police ; and as Citizen same day at his relation's, Lesurques, in the Rue Montowards Lieursaint, a picturesque village in the midst Daubenton had not yet arrived, they sat down in the torquiel. They stated, that after dinner they went to

antechamber, on purpose to wait his arrival, and be a café, and after taking some liqueur, had seen him to They arrived at Lieursaint about three o'clock in more speedily released.

his own house. the afternoon, and there made another long halt. The About ten o'clock, the Juge de Paix, who had en The painter, Beudart, added, that he meant to have horse of one of the party had lost a shoe, and another tered his room by a back-door, was interrupted in his dined with his friends, but that being on duty as a of them had broken the chain of his spur by collision perusal of the documents, before examining the wit- National Guard, he could not arrive in time, but that with a friend's horse. This one stopped at the en. nesses, by the officer Heudon, who said, “ Among the he had been at Lesurques's house the same evening in trance to the village, at the cottage of a woman named witnesses there are two, the woman Santon, servant uniform, and had seen him retire to rest. In support Chatelain, a lemonade-seller, and requested her to of Evrard, the innkeeper at Mongeron, and the girl of this deposition, this witness produced his billet-degive him coffee, and supply him with some coarse Grossetete, servant of the woman Chatelain, the gard, dated the Sth. The workmen who were emthread to mend the chain of his spur. This woman lemonade-seller at Lieursaint, who declare in the most ployed on the apartments Lesurques was about to ocimmediately complied with his double request; and precise manner that two of the assassins were waiting cupy, deposed that they had seen him several times in as the traveller was not very skilful in mending the in the antechamber. They said they could not be the course of the 8th and 9th. chain, she called her servant, one Grossetete, who, mistaken, as one of them had waited at the dinner of The jeweller Legrand, to corroborate his testimony, accordingly, mended the chain, and assisted in putting the four travellers at Mongeron, and the other had had stated, that on the day, the Sth Floreal (27th the spur on the boot. The three other horsemen conversed with them at Lieursaint, and had remained April), he had before dinner made an exchange with during this time had dismounted at one Champeaux's, more than an hour in the room while they played at Aldenof, or, at any rate, that it was mentioned in his an innkeeper, and took something to drink, while he billiards."

book on that day. The proposed that his book should conducted the horse and horseman to the village smith, The Juge de Paix, not believing this improbable be brought. It was examined in court, and discovered a man named Motteau. When the horse was shod, statement, ordered the two women to be introduced that the 9th had been clumsily scratched out, and the the four travellers went to the café of the woman separately. He then examined each of them, when 8th substituted. This at once changed the favourChatelain, where they played some games at billiards. they energetically repeated their statement, and said able impression which had been produced in favour At half-past seven o'clock, after taking a stirrup.cup that they could not be mistaken. He then, after of the prisoner, and the witness was ordered into with the innkeeper, to whose house they returned for warning the women that life and death depended on custody. He then lost all his presence of mind, and their horses, they mounted and rode off towards their answers, had Guesno brought into his room. owned that he was not certain of having seen LesurMelun.

“What,” said the Juge,“ do you want here?” “Iques on that day, but that, feeling convinced of his On going in, Champeaux saw on a table a sabre, come," replied Guesno, “ for my papers, which you innocence, he had altered his register to corroborate which one of the travellers had forgotten to put in his promised to restore to me yesterday. I am accompanied his own testimony. This circumstance produced the belt ; he wished his stable-boy to run after them, but by one of my friends from Douai, my native place. most unfavourable effect on the judges ; but in spite they were already out of sight. It was not until an His name is Lesurques. We met on the road, and he of the dark complexion of his case, Lesurques con hour afterwards, that the traveller to whom the wea- is waiting for me in the other room.

tinued to maintain his innocence. pon belonged, and who was the same who had mended The Juge de Paix then ordered the other person The discussions and examinations were closed, and his spur, returned at full gallop for it. He then drank pointed out by the two women to be introduced. This the jury had retired to deliberate. At this moment, a glass of brandy, and set off at full speed in the was Lesurques. Ile conversed with him and Guesno

a woman, in a violent state of excitement, called aloud direction taken by his companions. At this moment for a few minutes, requested them to walk into another from the midst of the crowd in the court, for leave to the mail courier from Paris to Lyons arrived to change room, where their papers would be brought to them, speak to the president. She was, she said, urged by the horses. It was then about half-past eight o'clock, and and privately told Meudon not to lose sight of them. voice of conscience, to save the tribunal from commit-. the night had been for some time dark. The courier, When they had left the room, the magistrate again ting a dreadful crime. On being placed before the judge, after having changed horses, and taken a fresh posti- asked the women if they persisted in their previous she declared that Lesurques was innocent ; that the lion, set out to pass the long forest of Lenart. The declarations ; they did persist; their evidence was witnesses had mistaken him for a man of the name of mail at this period was a sort of postchaise, with a taken down in writing, and the two friends were im- Dubosq, to whom he bore an extraordinary resemlarge trunk behind containing the despatches. There mediately arrested.

blance. This woman was Madeleine Breban, the miswas one place only open to the public, at the side of From this time the proceedings were pressed on tress of Couriol, and the confidant of his most secret the courier. It was on the present occasion occupied with great speed. Guesno and Lesurques, when con- thoughts; who now abandoned him, and avowed her by a man about thirty years of age, who had that fronted by the witnesses, were recognised by almost own guilt to save Lesurques. morning taken his place to Lyons in the name of La- all. The woman Santon asserted that it was Lesurques Madeleine Breban's evidence was rejected, and the borde, silk merchant.

who, after dinner at Mongeron, wished to pay in assig- jury brought in their verdiet, by which Couriol, The next morning the mail was found rifled ; the nats, but that the tall dark man (Couriol) paid in Lesurques, and Bernard, were condemned to death. courier dead in his seat, with one wound right through silver. Champeaux and his wife, the innkeepers at Richard was sentenced to 24 years' labour in irons ; his heart, and his head cut nearly off; and the posti. Lieursaint, recognised Lesurques as the man who had Guesno and Bruer were acquitted.* lion lying on the road, also dead, his head cut open, mended his spur and returned for his sabre. Lafolie, the No sooner had sentence been pronounced, than his right hand divided, and lis' breast wounded in stable-boy at Mongeron, and a female named Alfroy, Lesurques, rising calmly, and addressing his judges, three places. The postilion's wounds were evidently a florist at Lieursaint, also recognised him. Laurent inflicted by sabres, wielded by two persons. One Charbant, a labourer who had dined in the same room * At that period the sentence was part of the jury's verdicta

of a grove.

said, “ I am innocent of the crime imputed to me. Versailles. While on the journey, and in a moment of the property sequestrated according to the law in Ah! citizens, if murder on the highway be atrocious, of compunction, he confessed the whole affair. The force at the time of Lesurques's execution. to execute an innocent man is not less a crime." Cou- | true criminals, he stated, were Couriol, Rossi, alias Since the revolution of 1530, the Lesurques family riol then rose, and exclaimed," I am guilty ; I own my Beroldy, Vidal, himself, and Dubosq. “ I have heard,” have again appealed to the Chambers. In the session crime; but Lesurques is innocent; and Bernard did not he added, " that there was a fellow named Lesurques of 1834, a report in favour of the claims of the family participate in the assassination !" He repeated these condemned for this business; but, to tell the truth, was made by a committee who sat upon their case. words four times, and on returning to his prison, wrote I never knew the fellow either at the planning of the The case was then sent back for the consideration of a letter to his judges, full of anguish and repentance, business, or at its execution, or at the division of the the Minister of Justice and the Minister of Finance. in which was this passage : " I never knew Lesurques. spoil.” To this confession Durochat afterwards ad- Since that step, the question has remained in abeyance. My accomplices were Vidal, Rossi, Durochat, and hered. The magistrate present at his examination The widow of Lesurques died in the month of October Dubosq. The resemblance of Dubosq has deceived observed to him, that Lesurques had been sworn to of this year (1842). His eldest son fell fighting in the witnesses."

as one of the party of four, and also that he had silver the ranks of the French army: A son and daughter Madeleine Breban presented herself, after sen spurs on his boots, which he had been seen to repair with only remain, whom their mother, on her death-bed, tence had been pronounced, to renew her declaration. thread, and that this spur had been found on the place enjoined to continue the pious labour which she had Two parties attested that, before the condemna- where the mail had been attacked. Durochat re commenced the day when her husband perished on tion of the prisoners, Madeleine had said to them plied, " It was Dubosq who had the silver spurs. The the scaffold. that Lesurques had never had any connexion with morning we divided the plunder, I remember hearing the guilty parties, that he was the victim of his that he had broken one of the chains of his spurs; that POEMS OF MR THOMAS POWELL. fatal likeness to Dubosq. The declaration of Couriol he had mended it where he dined, and lost it in the The followers of poesy are exposed to strange accicaused some doubt in the minds of the judges. They scufile. I saw in his hand the other spur, which he said dents of fortune. It seems as if their admission to immediately applied to the Directory for å reprieve, he was going to throw into the mixen.” Durochat then who, alarmed at the probability of an innocent man described Dubosq, and added, that on the day of the much more on chance, circumstance, and caprice, than

favour, as in the case of courtiers generally, depended being executed, applied to the legi-lative assemblies, murder he wore a blonde wig.

on the solid foundation of true service and real desery. for all judicial means had been exhausted. The mes Some days after the arrest of Durochat, Vidal, one ing. For example, compare the literary lot of Michael sage of the Directory to the “ Five IIundred” was of the other authors of the crime, was also arrested. Bruce with that of others who, like him, hare entered urgent. It requested a reprieve, and instructions on Although all the witnesses swore to him as one of the the train of the muses. Bruce had certainly considerthe subsequent steps to be taken. The legislative party who had dined and played at billiards, he de- / able talents, and of his small collection of verses a few body, however, refused to interfere, on the grounds nied everything; Special proceedings were instituted pieces possess much beauty. He has been rewarded that, to annul'a sentence legally pronounced ly a jury, against him, and he remained a prisoner in the prisons for them by a place, not a high but a permanent one, irould subecit all ideas of justice and of equality before of La Seine. the lau!

in the annals of poesy. Happy his fate in this re

Durochat was condemned to death and executed. The right of pardon hind been abolished. Lesurques II underwent his fate with perfect indifference: spect At the present day only half a century was left without help or hope. He bore his fate with Vidal was shut up in the principal prison of Stine firmness and resignation. On the day of his death he and Oise, where the prosecution commenced at Paris prove totally inefficient in giving a man a place in the

temple of fame-even in its porch--or on the ledges wrote his wife the following letter :-"My dear was carried on. friend, we cannot avoid our fate. I shall, at any rate, Towards the end of the year & (1799–1800), four this ? Is not true poetry the same thing to-day which

of its very window-recesses. What is the cause of endure it with the courage which becomes a man. I years after the assassination of the courier, Dubosq, it was yesterday, or in ihe time of old Homer? The send some locks of my hair ; when my children are having been arrested for a robbery in the department solution of this enigma is in some respects easy. The older, divide it with them. It is the only thing that of Allier, where he had retired under a false name, time makes all the difference. Fifty years ago, the I can leave them." was recognised in the prisons, brought to Paris, and

muse had few servants, and a share of favour could not In a letter of adicu addressed to his friends, he thence to Versailles, to be tried at the same time as merely observed—“Truth has not been heard ; I shall Vidal before the criminal tribunal. Dubosq, however, merit. Now, she has crowds of earnest and devoted

but fall even to those among them of but moderate die the victim of mistake."

contrived to escape from prison, and left his compa- worshippers, and, like an admired beauty, grows He published in the newspapers the following letter nion Vidal, who was tried alone, condemned, and exe

hanghty, and values her smiles too highly to bestow to Dubosq, whose name had been rerealed by Cou-cuted. riol :-"Man, in whose place I am to die, be satisfied At length, in the latter part of the year 9 (1800- days may well wish that they had changed eras with

them even on all the deserving. Verse-writers in these with the sacrifice of my life ; if you be ever brought 1801), Dubosq was again arrested, and immediately their grandsires. to justice, think of my three children, covered with brought before the criminal tribunal of Versailles. shame, and of their mother's despair, and do not pro- The president had ordered a blonde wig to be placed of thinking. It is one simply entitled, “ Poenis, by

A new volume of poetry has led us into this train long the misfortunes of so fatal a resemblance." on his head before the witnesses were called in." The Thomas Powell," and this simplicity is further car

On the 10th of March 1797, Lesurques went to the Citizen Perault, a member of the Legislative Assembly, ried out by the absence of all the ordinary prefacings place of execution dressed completely in white, as a and one of those who had seen the four cavaliers who and introducings.* The cortents of the volume are symbol of his innocence, with his shirt turned over had dined at Mongeron on the day of the murder of of a high order of merit-so high, indeed, that we his shoulders. The day was IIoly Thursday (old the courier, and who had recognised Lesurques as one style). lle expressed his regret at not having to die of them, stated that there was a striking resemblance markable unknown genius to the world, did we not

should think we were making a discovery of a rethe next day, the anniversary of the Passion. On the between Dubosq and Lesurques.” The woman Alfroy, know that many such songs are piped every day in way from the prison of the Concierge to the place of who had before sworn to Lesurques as one of the four, vain, as far as fame is concerned. Mr Powell is one the Greve, where criminals were executed, Couriol, declared that she was mistaken in her evidence before of the contributors to a recent volume of poems mowho was seated in the car beside him, cried in a loud the tribunal de la Seine, and that slie was now firmly dernised from Chaucer, amongst which his version voice, addressing himself to the people, “ I am guilty, convinced that it was not Lesurques, but Duboşq, that of the “ Flower and the Leaf” appears to us a perfect but Lesurques is innocent !"

she had seen. To this evidence Dubosq replied by gem. Let us see of what material his own poetry is When he reached the scaffold, already red with the stubborn denials ; but he was unanimously conblood of Bernard, Lesurques gave himself up to the demned, and was executed the 31 Ventose, in the composed. A small piece, entitled the Harp and the

Poet, is as follows : executioners, saying, “ I pardon my judges ; the wit- year 10 (220 February, 1802). At length, the last

“ The wind, before it wons the harp, nesses, whose mistake has murdered me; and Legrand, of the accomplices denounced by Couriol and Dawho has not a little contributed to this judicial assas rochat--Rossi, otherwise Ferrari, or the Great Italian,

Yet as it passes through the chords, sination. I die protesting my innocence.” The un whose real name was Beroldy-was discovered near

Changes to music rare. fortunate Lesurques then submitted to his fate. Madrid, and given up at the request of the French

And so the poet's soul converts Many of the jury afterwards expressed their regret government. Having been tricà and sentenced to

The common things that round him lie at having given credit to the witnesses from Mon- death at Versailles, he testified the utınost peni

Into a gentle voice of song.-

Divinest harmony. geron and Lieursaint; and Citizen Daubenton, the tence, and went to execution, receiving religious

Sweet harp and poet, framed alike Juge de Paix, who had arrested Lesurques, and con- attentions from Jonsieur de Grandpré. After the

By God, as his interpreters, ducted the first proceedings, resolved to investigate execution, Monsieur de Grandpre stated to the presithe truth, which could only be satisfactorily done dent, that he had been authorised by the criminal to

Of everything that stirs." through the arrest and trial of the four persons de confess the justice of his sentence; and a written con- Another little piece, containing a thought finely de. nounced by Couriol as his accomplices. fession was deposited to that effect.

veloped, may please the reader. The greatest defect Two years elapsed without the conscientious magis Thus terminated this long judicial drama. Ferrari, of modern poetry is the want of mind-substantial trate being able, in spite of all his inquiries, to dis- otherwise Rossi, was the sixth executed as one of the thought. We would not have the style of the Pope cover the slightest trace of the fugitives. At length, in authors or accomplices in the murder of the Lyons era revived, when every line of verse conveyed some examining the numerous warrants and registers of courier, besides Richard, who was condemned to the rhetorical stroke, or was loaded with a moral axiom, prisoners daily brought to his bureau, he discovered galleys for having received the stolen property, and and pictures for the fancy were things condemned ; that Durochat, the individual whom Couriol had de- for having concealed Couriol, and afterwards assisted but we would have verse-writers to try to convey nounced as the one who had taken his place by the him to fly. Yet it was most distinctly proved, in the instructive sentiment with mere description somewhat side of the courier, under the name of Laborde, had course of the trials, that there were only five mur more than they do. Here we have images with a good just been arrested for a robbery he had lately effocted, derers--the one who, under the name of Laborde, lesson :and lodged in St Pelagio. At the time of Lesurques's had taken his place beside the courier, and the four

INSTINCTS. trial, it had come out in evidence that several persons, horsemen who rode on the horses hired by Bernard, " Heaven gave the bee desire for sweets, amongst others an inspector of the post-mails, had dined at Mongeron, and took coffee and played at

Nur heaven denies her flowers; preserved a perfect recollection of the pretended La- billiards at Lieursaint.

The thirsty land for moisture waits, borde ; having seen him when waiting for the mail. The widow and family of Lesurques, relying on the

Nor heaven withholds its showers. Citizen Daubenton, by great exertions, secured the facts adduced at the trial, and supported by the decla.

To mother's ears expressid, presence of the inspector in the court on the day of rations of Couriol and Durochat, the confessions of

lle finds a shelter in her arms Durochat's trial. He was condemned to fourteen Rossi and Vidal, and the retractions of the witnesses

llis solace at her breast. years' labour in chains ; and as the gens-d'armes were in Dubosq's trial, applied for a revision of the sen

Nor are the instincts of the heart conducting him to prison, the inspector recognised tence so far as concerned Lesurques, in order to obtain

Less subjects of heaven's care;

Nor would it sympathies impart the prisoner as the same person who had travelled in a rehabilitation (a judicial declaration of his innocence,

Merely to perish therethe mail towards Lyons under the name of Laborde, and the restoration of his property), if he should be

eart that yearns for kindred mind on the day on which the courier was assassinated. proved the victim of an awful judicial error.

Is but the wild and tuncless air:


To breathe aloud the silent thought

No sooner are the babe's alarms


To share its bless or pain; Durochat made but feeble denials, and was re-con The Citizen Daubenton devoted the latter part of

That knows to love, shall surely find dueted to the Conciergerie, where Citizen Daubenton his life, and the greater part of his fortune, to the dis

A heart that loves again." had him immediately detained, under a charge arising covery of the truth. In the conclusion of his memoir,

The piece which follows is a superstructure upon out of the proceedings against Couriol. The next he declared, that, according to his conviction, there an exquisite lyric of George Herbert, two verses of morning the insgistrate, assisted by Citizen Masson, were sufficient grounds to induce the government to

which are retained :an officer of the criminal tribunal, took means for order a revision of Lesurques's sentence. But the

ALL THINGS PERISII SAVE VIRTUE. transferring the prisoner to the prisons of Melun, right of revision no longer existed in the French code. “Sweet morn-s0 cool, so calm, so bright, where he arrived the same evening. After being ex Under the Directory, the Consulate, and the Resto

The bridal of the earth and sky,

The dew shall weep thy fall to-night, amined early the next morning, it was found neces- ration, the applications of the widow and family of sary to transfer him to Versailles, where he was to | Lesurques were equally unsuccessful. All that the be tried. The magistrate and the officer set out, fol. family could obtain was the restoration, in the two * Poems, by Thomas Powell. London: Lffingliam Wilgull, lowed by two gens-d'armes, to convey the prisoner to last years oî the reign of the elder Bourbons, of part | Royal Exchange. 1842.

For tlou must die.


• Sweet rose-whose fragrance now I crave,

cines are substances given in quantities necessarily small, tion. It is, then, as has before been said, very portable, To glad my sense and joy mine eye,

and their intrinsic value is generally so trifling, that the not requiring more space than from three to four feet, • Thy root is ever in its grave,

labour of putting them together is of more account than and may be worked by steam or water power; and when And thou must die.'

the materials themselves. Sensible people must subunit moved by the former, as was the case at the exhibition, Sweet spring—so full of shine and showers,

to the barbarous usages of the apothecaries from custom made 650 blows or impressions per minute; but from It makes the weary spirit sigh,

not from reason. But how are the evil effects of the their very quick succession, and the work being effected To think, with all thy herbs and flowers,

“ drenching system,” as it is called, to be obviated ? By by an eccentric pressing down, not striking the bammer That thou must die.

preventing medical men from dispensing drugs, as some or swage, not the least noise was heard. There are five Sweet music-e'en the lovely song

reformers would have it? Certainly not : that would be or six sets of what may be called anvils and swages in Which from my harp in window nigh

unjust ; for, if others are allowed to dispense medicines, the machine, each varying in size. The speed and corIs floating on the breeze along,

why should the very men whose business it is to direct rectness with which the machine completes its work is E'en thou must die.

the administration of them, be hindered from dispensing perfectly astonishing, and must be seen in order that its And all the bright and glistering train

them, especially when it is allowed that it is absolutely capabilities in this respect may be duly appreciated ; Of stars that stud the deep blue sky

necessary for them to do so in many circumstances ? Á for instance, when it was put in motion for the purpose Must they all perish-none remain To glad the eye?

surgeon is his own apothecary in the services, and on of producing what is known as a roller with a coupling

board of ship, as well as his own physician ; so must he square upon it (and which had to be afterwards turned And vales, and fields, and rushing streams,

be in rural situations ; but even in great towns it is neces and fluted), the thing was accomplished in fifty seconds ! And mountains that invade the sky,

sary for him to administer drugs from his own pocket of course at one heat, to the astonishment of the byAre they as baseless as our dreams? And must they die ?

occasionally; and he must often, everywhere, to insure standers. But what appeared the most extraordinary the exact fulfilment of his own intentions, make up his

part of the affair was, that the coupling square was proAnd all that's beautiful and fair medicines himself, or have them made up under his per

duced direct from the machine, so mathematically corOn Nature's face-love's melody, That makes sweet music of the air,

sonal superintendence. As a remedy, it is submitted rect, that no labour can make it more so !!! The machine All-all must die ! that, while medical practitioners cannot be prevented, in

will perform the labour of three men and their assistants common with other citizens, from selling drugs if they or strikers, and not only so, but complete its work in a And man, frail form of senseless clay, Tho' now his glance is proud and high,

choose, they should not be allowed, more than other vastly superior manner to that executed by manual Perchance upon this passing day

people, to charge more for drugs than their intrinsic labour. For engineers, machine makers, smiths in gene

worth, their market value; and that they should be, at the ral, file makers, bolt and screw makers, or for any desHe too may die! But the bright soul ?-thal, shrined within

same time, empowered by law to sue for a fair remunera- cription of work parallel or taper, it is most specially The quenchless light in mortal form

tion for medical care or attendance. The system of adapted; and for what is technically known as reducing, Tho' dimmd by misery and sin,

charging for medicines instead of for medical skill is, as it cannot possibly have a successful competitor ; in proof Defies the worm.

Dr Birkbeck says, a deception ; but it is also a custom of which it may be stated, that a piece of round iron, 1} When all the stars shall fade away, of the country, and as such, must wear out gradually ;

inches in diameter, was reduced to a square of 3-8th And suns in their own bluze expire,

legislation cannot suddenly stop the deception, but it can inches, 2 feet 5 inches long, at one heat. The merit of And trackless comets cease to stray

divest it of legal sanction, and thus accelerate its gradual this invention belongs, it is said, to a gentleman at BolWith wand'ring fire,

lapse into desuetude. Under the arrangement proposed, ton, of the name of Ryder.- Manchester Courier, The soul shall ever live, nor know

general practitioners would come to dispense drugs only
The lapse of time, but dwell on high,
in such circumstances as rendered it necessary for them

The “ Northern Whig" (Belfast newspaper) announces And share-in endless joy or woe

to do so; the people would more rapidly perceive that a steam-impelled machine for this purpose, the invention Eternity."

drugs were not specifics; and, in the main, the mere dis of a gentleman at Lisburn.

pensing of drugs would, as a business, become disassociWo close our extracts with the following stanzas | ated, as it ought, from the profession of medicine. The

EDUCATION IN INDIA. from an impassioned poem on “ the hills :

druggists, too, on this system, would gradually become less
able to sell drugs as if medical skill accompanied them;

[From the "Literary Gazette," Oct. 22, 1842.]
and for this want of emolument from an illegitimate

The anxiety which the higher order of natives in British “ The hills! the hills! the green and lofty hills ! source, they would be recompensed by an increased

India have shown within late years to acquire for themHigh towers of earth, aye stretching towards the skies; amount of dispensing. The system, being founded on

selves, and to circulate amongst their countrymen, a knowFirst lighted beacons of the sun, that fills The world, and telling that his glories rise !

reason, has the advantage of adapting itself to all the cir- ledge as well of the English language as of every branch Aeries to which the wearied spirit flies : cumstances of the case. -

of science and literature, is one of the most remarkable --Spectator.

events which has occurred throughout that immense emPure regions of the fresh in tainted gale; Type of the heaven to which I raise mine eyes,


pire. It must be obvious to the statesman and philosopher, When earth and all its pleasures fade and fail;

that every possible encouragement ought to be held out

STEAM AS A MINER. Companions of the clouds, and shelterers of the vale.

to them, both by the government of the country and by The following is a description of the wonderful machine all the learned societies of Great Britain, to persevere in The hills! the hills! the bright and snow-clad hills !

called the “ Yankee Geologist,” which has recently obThe first to feel the influence of heaven!

this desirable course of proceeding; and it must therefore Ye treasuries of the pure and crystal rills

tained great celebrity in the United States, for perform be highly gratifying to the public, that the rajah or chief That God to glad the heart of man hath given.

ances which, for their extraordinary nature, and the of Travancore-a country which is situated on the southDark nurses of the earthquake that has riven

peculiar manner in which they are described, will give west side of the southern peninsula of India-has been The proudest, strongest palaces of man,

them almost an air of romance; but, nevertheless, having recently, upon the proposal of the Right Honourable Sir When his weak might with Time itself hath striven, reason to believe the “ Yankee Geologist" to be an ex Alexander Johnston, as vice-president of the Royal And vainly made eternity his plan,

traordinary invention, and capable of astonishing deeds, Asiatic Society of Literature, unanimously elected an Ye stand as ye have stood since first the world began.

if not of all that is here set forth, I consider a notice of honorary member of that society, which at once associates The hills! the hills ! the freedom-breathing hills,

it sufficiently interesting to be deserving a place in your bis name, as a promoter of science and literature in his Mothers and nourishers of glorious deed:

columns :-“ We paid a flying visit on Saturday last to country, with the names of some of the most enlightened Inspirers of the patriot's love that fills

Otis' steam-excavator, in Brooklyn, where it is at work sovereigns in Asia and in Europe. The letter, of which The heart, and makes his common thoughts the seed

digging down the hill formerly known as Fort Green, and the following is a copy, from Sir David Brewster-who is Of acts the slave would tremble but to read ! For still the mountain-born at Freedom's shrine

filling up the shallow inlet and quagmire entitled the himself so good a judge of scientific merit-to Sir Alex(Freedom, that dwells not on Italia's mead)

Wallabout, or so much of it as lies above the old road to ander Johnston, upon the suloject, shows how highly de Lisps his first prayer! Freedom, the hills are thine! Flushing. The Yankee Geologist' is surely a great serving the rajah of Travancore is of the honour which Upon their crest thou stand'st--the deathless and divine !" curiosity. He walks right into a mountain as though it the society has conferred upon him, and how good an Though we have commended Mr Powell for the

were a plate of hot cakes, and dips up a cart-load at a effect is likely to be produced amongst the natives of fine and thoughtful tone of his pieces, we must also shovelful as fast as you please. He cuts right and left a India by such a proceeding :

My dear Sir, It gives me great pleasure to be able to say, since reviewers are nothing if not critical, that he path some six rods wide through the hill, and then takes

à new swath. He is locomotive, and advances by his send you some information respecting the great encourageis perhaps too uniformly sombre in his reflections. He

own steam-power, whenever the earth has receded before ment given to science and education by the rajah of Trais a poet, nevertheless, of much merit, and one who, if him ; grades and stakes down for himself; and only re vancore. This prince is, I believe, only about twenty-six there are still any readers of poetical volumes left, quires one man to shovel and another to look after the years of age: he was educated by a Brahmin of the name may to such be confidently commended.

fire and engine, though one or wo others are generally of Soobrow, now his prime minister, who was taught by required to smooth the track before him, &c., besides the celebrated Danish missionary and botanist, Oloas

tending the carts, which approach to be filled on one rail Schwartz. This Brahmin is the author of a well-written THE “ DRENCHING SYSTEM."

track, and go off loaded by another. If he comes to a tragedy called “Kishun Roorus," published in English The barbarous system prevalent in this country, of stone weighing only a ton or such a matter, the Geolo- at the government press of Trevandrum in 1840. charging for drugs instead of for medical services, is pro- gist’ó makes no bones' of it, but pitches it into the cart The rajah has established schools in every village, toductive of much evil. It arose in this way :-The London like a peck of gravel ; if he comes to a stone weighing gether with a mathematical school at Trevandrum, and College of Physicians, instead of becoming a great and some four or five tons, he takes him up more carefully, a fine observatory, where regular astronomical and meuseful institution for the benefit of the country-by and lays him out on the other side of his path. All this is teorological observations, under the superintendence of spreading abroad, on a liberal principle, a sufficiency of effected by an immense shovel with a sliding bottom, at an English gentleman of great talents, Mr John Caldeproper medical practitioners to guard the health of the the end of an immense and complicated arm, worked by cott, with native assistants, are carried on. The rajah community--unfortunately degenerated into a narrow much ingenious and novel machinery. The inventor is publishes annually a large mathematical almanac, comminded clique of metropolitan physicians; and the Eng- now dead; the company had spent 30,000 dollars upon puted by his astronomer for the meridian of his capital. lish universities, not being fitted originally, and failing to the invention, before the first machine was made, and I have now before me the volume for 1840, which consists adapt themselves to he circumstances of the profession, much more afterwards. The patent, which is now se of 300 pages, and would do honour to any metropolis in have never been able to supply a stock of graduates in cured throughout Europe, is probably worth 1,000,000 Europe. You, however, and all those who feel a deep medicine suitable to the wants of the country. In con

dollars. An excavator complete, costs about 6000 dollars, interest in the intellectual improvement of the natives of sequence of the shortcomings of the universities and of and will dig and load 1000 cubit yards of earth per day India, will be gratified to learn that all the computations the college, the druggists (apothecaries) commenced the -equal to the labour of 150 men; cares nothing for cold in this ephemeris have been made by young men, natives practice of medicine, putting their charges for their or heat, rain or fair weather, but goes ahead, and minds of Travancore, who were educated at the rajal's free medical skill, such as it was, upon their drugs. Their its own business through all."— Mining Journai,

school at Trevandrum. Mr Caldecott, the rajah's astrosuccessors are now the general practitioners of England,


nomer, superintended, of course, all the calculations. who still charge for their medicines, while the present Although at the late meeting of the British Association I am in possession of the results of a fine series of race of " chemists and druggists" occupy the position in Manchester there were many very interesting speci- hourly meteorological observations, made by the same originally held by the apothecaries. The system of mens of mechanism exhibited, there was, nevertheless, persons, for 1839 and part of 1840, which possess a charging for drugs is one of the greatest of the evils, one in particular, which threw all others completely into peculiar interest and value. You will find an account of as Dr Johnson agreed before the committee of the the shade, when considered either as to the novelty of the observatory, and of the instruments it contains, made House of Commons--that affect the profession. The the invention, or its evident practical applicability to the by the first English artists, in the Ephemeris for 1840. people of England swallow more drugs than any other every-day concerns of life, and may with truth be said I earnestly hope that you will succeed in your noble nation, and have come to attach such a false value to to have been “the lion of the exiribition;" namely, a object of establishing a college at Madura, a locality medicines, that the druggist now-a-days, instead of charg- machine for the working or forging of iron, steel, &c. already interesting in Hindoo literature. Trevandrum is ing the market price for his wares, like other tradesmen, This truly surprising machine is quite portable, occupying so near it, that if you succeed, I am sure you will find a charges after the manner of the “apothecary," as if the only a space of three feet by four feet, and cannot be valuable coadjutor in Mr Caldecott, whose science and drugs possessed a virtue which exists only in their pro- deemed other, even by the most critical judges, than one knowledge, if wanted, and gentlemanlike manners, would per administration. It is evident, too, that the less a as purely original in principle, as well as practical in its fit him for some important situation in it. If I can be of practitioner knows of a disease, the more drugs shall he application; as much so, perhaps, as was the splendid any use in promoting your views in this or any other have to administer for it, and consequently the more pay invention of the fluted roller of Arkwright, by which the matter, it would be most gratifying to have an opporo to receive for its treatment; for, unless he can remove the art and perfection of drawing the fibrous substances be- tunity of doing it.--I am, my dear Sir, ever most faithcause of it, he will administer some nostrum for each of came known; or that other still more splendid discovery fully yours-D. BREWSTER. its symptoms, which nostrums may but tend to compli- of Watt, the condensing of steam in a separate vessel, cate and perpetuate the mischief. It would be as proper by which the power of the steam-engine of that day may LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by to pay a practitioner for the gruel his patients drink, as be said to have been doubled. But now for some expla- W. S. Orr, Paternoster Row. to reward him for the medicines they consume. Medi- | nation of the machine, and its probable general applica

by Bradbury Evans, Whitefriars


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