Marine Biology: An Ecological Approach
Appropriate for undergraduate majors and graduate students in marine biology and marine ecology, Marine Biology: An Ecological Approach emphasizes the ecological principles that govern marine life throughout all environments within the world's oceans. Its unique ecological approach adds real-world relevance by exploring how organisms interact within their individual ecosystems. The text is organized by habitat and each habitat receives detailed, in-depth coverage, giving instructors flexibility to focus on their particular areas of interest. The Fifth Edition is fully updated with the latest research data and topics, including expanded coverage of the human impact on oceans, oceanic dead zones, and coral reefs. In addition to Nybakken's engaging writing style, the text now offers enhanced pedagogy with new end-of-chapter summaries, a new four-color design to complement the art program, an art CD-ROM for instructors, and a text specific Companion Web site.
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Wave action is an important factor in this area. Long-period ocean swell and
storm waves have an effect that can extend to the bottom in these shallow waters.
In soft bottoms, the passage of such waves may cause large surging motions in
Low flow Mechanical Stress Wave action reaches a zenith in the intertidal zone.
As a result, it is necessary for any organism that lives intertidally to adapt to resist
the smashing and tearing effects of waves. Wave action has different effects on ...
Community structure changes horizontally as one moves from areas of high wave
exposure to protected quiet water. ... Perhaps the most important physical factor
governing life on exposed sand beaches is wave action and its attendant ...
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H A P T E R
SOME ECOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES
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