Lakes and Wetlands
Lakes and wetlands are significant ecosystems that nourish, sustain, and house many of the planets plant and animal species. Though both of these regions are defined by waterboth fresh and salineeach lake and particular type of wetland also has characteristics all its own. This detailed volume considers the formation, composition, and maintenance of these intricate ecological units and the various life forms they support. Dramatic full-color photographs and in-depth profiles of Earths major lakes highlight the beauty and complexity of these regions.
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algae animals aquatic biological body of water bogs bottom boundary ecosystems carbon Caspian Sea century chemical climate coastal damming Dead Sea density deposits depth develop diversity drainage drainage basin drained Earth’s east eastern ecosystems effects epilimnion eutrophication evaporation feet fish flood flow forest formed freshwater lakes glaciers gradient grasses groundwater habitat heat hydrologic hypolimnion important inches inflow inland waters km 40 miles Lake Baikal lake basins Lake Chad Lake Eyre Lake Ontario Lake Superior lake surface lake water lake’s land largest lake layers major mangrove metres Mountains North America northern numbers nutrients occur oceans oligotrophic organic oxygen peat periods plants precipitation production region result River salinity Salt Lake salt marshes sea level seasonal sediments seiche shallow shoreline southern species square km square miles streams surface area swamps temperature thermal thermocline tion varies vertical water level waves western shore wetlands wind zone