The Penal System: An Introduction
Now in its fifth edition, The Penal System: An Introduction remains the most complete, accessible and authoritative resource for your studies in Criminal Justice and Criminology. Fully revised and updated to account for recent changes in the Criminal Justice System, the new edition includes:
The Penal System consolidates and builds on the successful formula of the fourth edition, bringing the text in line with the key issues facing the Criminal Justice System today. It will prove essential reading across all undergraduate levels for modules on Criminal Justice and Prisons/Punishment.
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There are two kinds of deterrence, known as 'individual' and 'general' deterrence.
Individual deterrence occurs when someone commits a crime, is punished for it
andfindsthe punishment so unpleasant or frightening that the offence is never ...
So the notion of individual deterrence seems to be of little value in justifying our
penal practices. But there is another, perhaps more promising categoryof
deterrent effect: general deterrence. This is the idea that offenders are punished,
There is some good evidence (see Beyleveld, 1980: 147–9, 209–11; von Hirsch
et al., 1999: 13, 45) that general deterrence can be improved if we can manage
toincrease potential offenders' perceivedlikelihood of detection, butlittle tosuggest
A utilitarian deterrence theoristought to conclude from thisthat the Englishpenal
system is an immoral one. Jeremy Bentham (1970: 179) himself propounded the
principle of 'frugality', more often referred to as parsimony in punishment, ...
Moreover, this was anewformof imprisonment whose aims were not confined to
containingoffenders for aperiod and deterring the populace from crime. Italsoset
outtoretrain (or 'discipline' touse Foucault'sword) the inmates, alongthe kindof ...
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Penal Systems Safety Valve
Solving theCrisis? Glossary of KeyTerms References