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certainly be accomplished. And I need not say it is worthy of any effort. Sooner than it should fail, the protestants of all Europe shouk be implored to help in securing the perpetuity and triumph of protestan principles in the valley of the Mississippi. New-York is the best ablı now of any city in the Union to give funds; and when a good begin ning has been made in the western country, and the motion has been seconded at New-York, other cities will very generally respond, ' Ay¢ aye,' to your solicitations. But, brother, victory or death. This mus be your motto.

With a full heart, yours. pp. 278—280. Having, in 1831, been appointed also secretary to the Presby terian Education Society, he soon after changed his residence, am made the city of New-York his home, and the scene of his ope rations. But he was fast approaching a better home, and preparin to move in a nobler sphere of action. His spirit for some time ha been especially maturing for heaven. Upon the death of Mr. Es arts, corresponding secretary of the A. B. C. F. M., that bod chose Mr. C. to fill the vacancy. In deciding the question of a ceptance, he was called to no inconsiderable a trial ; and he seem to have labored faithfully to ascertain the will of the great Hea of the church, on the subject. The principles which guided him were drawn from the bible, so far as he could ascertain their appli cation to his case ; and, following the rule which he had adopted of yielding implicitly to the intimations of the Divine mind, he length accepted the appointment. With a spirit peculiarly bear enly and devoted, he cominenced his duties in the new departmed to which he was invited; but it was the Divine purpose,

that b was only to commence them. After visiting Boston, on an agency in which he was very successful, he prepared to return to New York, intending to be present at various missionary meetings of his way ; but he had reached only as far as Hartford, when an ill ness that had more slightly affected him in Boston, suddenly assu med a violent character, and, in a few days, terminated his usefu and bright career. The exercises of his death-bed were deeply interesting ; but we have no time to lay before our readers a record of them. It is sufficient to say, that his faith and hope triumphet over great bodily suffering, and occasional derangement of mind.

Several traits of his character have incidentally appeared already in our narrative. A few distinct notices, in respect to so eminent a servant of Christ, may be properly presented here. His biographer represents him as having maintained a delightful consistency between his public and his domestic life. In this respect, bis character constituted one harmonious whole. He was not a man of honor and courtesy,-of smiles and kindness abroad; and churlish, disobliging, “ abrupt in speech, and cruel in manner," at home. Some fathers of families, and christian fathers too, from natural temperament, heightened by the perplexities of business, or bodily indisposition, perform indifferently those duties of a more private kind to the members of their household, which their appearance in public naturally leads one to suppose, must sit gracefully upon them in the quiet retreat of domestic endearments. This is an incongruity deeply injurious to the cause of religion, as well as destructive to the delinquent's own influence, both at home and abroad. There was such a perfect correspondence between the domestic and public character of Mr. C. in this particular, that wherever it was known, each mutually enhanced the effect of the other. This we look upon as a crowning excellence in the social life of a christian. It is a sweet blending of qualities, that gives a sort of perfection to the character. Mr. Cornelius' acts of courtesy towards others, whether friends, acquaintances, or strangers, are spoken of as being incessant, and marked by a touchring peculiarity of manner. These were all dictated by the delight which he took in the welfare of others, and by his never-ceasing desire to promote human happiness to the extent of his power. By this means, he won his way to a larger share of the esteem and confidence of his fellow-men, than has often been witnessed, even among the distinguished benefactors of the age. This obliging disposition, blended with child-like humility, it happened to ourselves personally to know on one occasion. He had preached a discourse in one of the churches in New-York, where his very name excited the utmost expectation; and where he was acknowledged as one of the most popular preachers of the day. Yet

, when upon returning from the house of worship, where an attentive audience had felt the power of his eloquent voice, he met a brother in the gospel, who had been his hearer, and who could have made no pretensions to a like public consideration, he remarked to him, with a tone and manner which could not have been affected, and expressive both of the benignity and lowliness of his heart, " Ah, brother

, you should have been in the pulpit instead of me." This, we believe, however, was but a specimen of his daily demeanor in respect to others. It breathed, as it manifested, the gentle, heavenly spirit of that religion. His object in it was evidently to do good, and promote the interests of holiness. Such was believed and felt, among all who knew him, to be the design of his assiduous and self-denying attentions to his fellow-men. Hence, aided indeed by other causes, proceeded his influence in the community, an influence widely extended, and which ceases not even now to be acknowledged.

In the social and domestic circle, he exhibited all the loveliness of religion. The original elements of his character contributed to render him an interesting being in the bosom of a family,--fitted him to give and receive an unusual share of its attractions and felicity. They blended gracefully, and were in fine keeping with the char

Vol. VI.


acter of that divine constitution. And all the excellent qualit of his intellect and heart, being sanctified by grace, gave, in his ca a sort of perfection to the intercourse that adorns and blesses mestic life. Yet was he much from home. His benevol agencies allowed hin, with less frequency than is permitted most clergymen, to enjoy the intimacies and the charms of family circle. This be ever considered as one of his great trie but he speaks of the privation as being sweetened by the sciousness of doing his duty, and by the gracious presence of Master whom he served. We are not certain, however, that absence from home was not, on the whole, favorable to the refin and elevated character of the enjoyments which he experienced, often as he was restored to the endeared spot. We have remarki occasionally, in the pages of biography, as well as in the act world, that this has been the effect of such a mode of life. T he was willing to quit so often, every satisfaction of this sort, the call of duty, eminently qualified as he was to give delight his friends, and capacitated to receive it, only showed the strength his religious principles, and the disinterested nature of his bener lence. But his great aim, undoubtedly, was to render the dome fic constitution the nursery of piety. His biographer says :

The impressions which he uniformly gave his children, and intima friends, was that the design of the family institution, as well as of 1 human friendships, is to lead the soul to God, and to the fellowship heaven. Religion was the guiding motive of his domestic governmen He did not fall

into the error of some christian parents, who, while the refrain from instilling into the minds of their children a desire for riche or for honorable connections, fill their youthful bosoms with the idea tha human learning and intellectual distinctions are of more importance that christianity itself,—parents who seem to make the development of thei children's intellects their only aim. Mr. Cornelius, while he attached all due importance to mental endowment and cultivation, sought for his children s first of all the kingdom of God and his righteousness." He did not copy the common and fatal mistake, that religious education must be postponed, till the child has arrived to the period of youth or maxhood. On the birth of one of his children, he consecrated him to Christ audibly, and in a most affecting manner;-an act of dedication so marked and so solemn, that it produced a permanent impression on all who witnessed it. In the behalf

, and in the presence of his children, he offered to God such prayer, as without doubt came up from the depths of a parent's heart, anxious beyond the power of expression for the everlasting happiness of his children-such prayer as “penetrates the heavens," and is heard by him who “ keepeth covenant and remembereth mercy.'

He acted on the great truth, that the human mind and the human conscience are active, before the thoughts and feelings can be expressed by the medium of language. When he could discover by the color on the cheek, by the expression in the eye, or by the passion

exclamation, that there was a feeling of uneasiness in the bosom of children, arising from moral causes ; that there was a faint, feeble stimony of conscience that they had done improper actions, or were

subjects of improper feelings ; then he was conscious that an educabo was commencing, which was to go on forever—that a train of in15 kuences was to be laid, which would end in glory or in wo eternal. He

Janifested little of that foolish indulgence, that misplaced and miscalled anderness, which has been the ruin of not a few promising children. dit the same time, there was no tyrannical exercise of authority, or rig

was family government. There was that sweet union of firmness and aldness

, which shows that perfect domestic discipline is consistent with HI be highest degree of affection for children, or rather is inconsistent and

acompatible with the want of it.' pp. 170, 171.

We insert a letter to one of his little children, as a specimen of be tenderness of his parental feelings, and the letting down of an elevated mind to that colloquial and plain style, which befits the simplicity of childhood :



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My dear son E.,—Your papa often thinks of you, and M., and T., and little E., as he goes about the country. He would love to live more at home with you, and see you, and talk with you, every day. But your papa hopes he is the servant of Christ, of whom you have so often beard him and mamma speak, and Christ says that we must love him and serve him above every one else ; and be willing to go any where, and suffer any thing, for his sake. Now you know, that there are a great many people in the world, who have no one to tell them about God

, and that good Savior ; and your papa is trying hard to educate a great

many ministers, who may go and preach as he used to do in Salem. This is the reason, my dear E., why your father cannot stay at

more, and why he sometimes has to travel all night, when you are asleep, and


bed. But Christ is so great and good, and be has suffered and done so much for poor and sinful men, that we can never do too much, or deny ourselves too much for him. Should you not like to have a good education, and one day go and preach about Christ

, and tell poor ignorant persons how they may be saved, and go to beaven when they die ? O! how papa would love to have you. And bow if you will be good, and love God and Christ with all your heart, more a great deal than you love any one else, you may be a minister, and do more good than you could in any other way.

I hope you think much of God, and pray and read the bible. I hope that


will set an example to all the other children, and help your mother by being very kind and obliging. I shall be happy when I come home, to hear that you have been a good boy, in school and out of school.

Looking on the map, you will see where I now am. Augusta is a pretty town, on the bank of a beautiful river, called the Kennebec. I have been to Waterville, where there are two college buildings like those at Andover. You must read, and then you will know much about these and other places where I go.”

pp. 172, 173.

The character of Mr. C., as a public agent, can scarcely be rated too high. It is not long, indeed, since the employment of agents in the collection of charities, and in the recommendation of public objects, has been resorted to in this country; but of all those whose services have been called for in this capacity, he stands at the head. All have been willing to acknowledge bis supe riority in this respect; and the unparalleled success of bis exer, tions, have entitled him to that distinction. The American churches can never hope to find a better one. He possessed all the qualities, natural and acquired, constitutional and conferred by grace, that were requisite for the important trusts committed to him as a public agent of benevolence. In a remarkable de gree, he answered to the description of the poet :

Where he that Gills an office shall esteem
The occasion it presents of doing good,

More than the perquisite.' His single-mindedness and honesty of intention ; the general elevation of his piety; the air of cheerfulness and hope he threw around bim ; bis honorable feelings in respect to institutions kindred to that whose merits be advocated his love of the great doctrines of the gospel, which secured for his occasional charity discourses, weight of matter and sound instruction, by which his applications were made useful, even in revivals of religion, or other critical conditions of a people; his urbanity and conciliating manners, in a familiar condescension to the poor and uninformed; his energy of character; his companionable qualities; and his unimpeachable integrity in respect to the benevolent funds intrusted to his keeping ;-all conspired to make him an instrument, such as the church, and mankind at large, needed in arousing the public mind to the great work of the world's conversion. Under the particulars here mentioned, his biographer has presented us with comprehensive philosophical estimate of Mr. Cornelius' character as a public agent, with such a degree of analysis, in respect to the different parts, as to point out accurately the qualities desirable in one so employed, and the manner in which they were exhibited in the present instance. We cannot think of repeating in brief

, what our author has said in this portion of his work; and we could not hope, in an elucidation of our own, to do the subject equal justice. Our readers will be better pleased with a single extract from the pen of the biographer, in which he describes a feature or two of his friend's character, under the view here intended :

• He understood the philosophy of benevolent agencies in a remarkable degree,--the proprieties of time and place, the different structure of different minds, and how to mingle weighty motives with the soft persuasion of voice and manner. However concealed his auditor might be in ava

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