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RHETORIC.

THE ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY PRESS.

ENGLISH COMPOSITION

AND

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RHETORIO.

ENLARGED EDITION.

PART SECOND.

EMOTIONAL QUALITIES OF STYLE.

BY

ALEXANDER BAIN, LL.D.,

EMERITUS PROFESSOR OF LOGIC IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN.

LONDON
LONGMANS, GREEN, & CO.
AND NEW YORK: 15 EAST 16th STREET

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PREFACE.

I HERE present the Second and concluding Part of my revised and enlarged Rhetoric—the EMOTIONAL QUALITIES OF STYLE. So far as I know, this is the first attempt at a methodical and exhaustive account of these Qualities. The meagre discussion of them in the original work is now replaced by a more precise classification and a much ampler detail of examples.

It may not be amiss, at the very outset, to call the reader's attention to the fundamental, and all but unconquerable, difficulties that beset this subject; namely, the vague and indefinable character of the human feelings,—the impossibility of stating their amount with preciseness, and of analyzing their composition in a convincing manner. These difficulties are equally felt by the methodical rhetorician, and by the unmethodical critic, who proceeds upon instinct, and perhaps despises Rhetoric. All alike have to use some kind of emotional terminology; the names for expressing states of mind, besides being more or less indefinite, must be liable to personal vagaries of interpretation. Only by very wide comparison and illustration can some approach be made to an understood standard, and to exactness in the use of critical diction.

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