## Classical Electrodynamics |

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Page 181

6.5 Gauge Transformations; Lorentz Gauge; Coulomb Gauge The transformation

(6.34) and (6.35) is

under such transformations is

6.5 Gauge Transformations; Lorentz Gauge; Coulomb Gauge The transformation

(6.34) and (6.35) is

**called**a gauge transformation, and the invariance of the fieldsunder such transformations is

**called**gauge invariance. The relation (6.36) ...Page 310

These high-frequency oscillations are

distinguished from lower-frequency oscillations which involve motion of the fluid,

but no charge separation. These low-frequency oscillations are

These high-frequency oscillations are

**called**plasma oscillations and are to bedistinguished from lower-frequency oscillations which involve motion of the fluid,

but no charge separation. These low-frequency oscillations are

**called**...Page 374

This is

quantities. It has the major disadvantage that the coordinate grids in the two

frames K and K' must be scaled according to a rectangular hyperboloid law, as

can be seen ...

This is

**called**a Minkowski diagram and has the virtue of dealing with realquantities. It has the major disadvantage that the coordinate grids in the two

frames K and K' must be scaled according to a rectangular hyperboloid law, as

can be seen ...

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### Contents

Introduction to Electrostatics | 1 |

References and suggested reading | 23 |

Multipoles Electrostatics of Macroscopic Media | 98 |

Copyright | |

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acceleration angle angular applied approximation assumed atomic average axis becomes boundary conditions calculate called Chapter charge charged particle classical collisions compared component conducting Consequently consider constant coordinates cross section cylinder defined density dependence derivative determine dielectric dimensions dipole direction discussed distance distribution effects electric field electromagnetic electron electrostatic energy equal equation example expansion expression factor force frame frequency function given gives incident inside integral involved light limit Lorentz loss magnetic magnetic field magnetic induction magnitude mass means momentum motion moving multipole normal observation obtain origin parallel particle physical plane plasma polarization position potential problem properties radiation radius region relation relative relativistic result satisfy scalar scattering shown in Fig shows side solution space sphere spherical surface transformation unit vanishes vector velocity volume wave written