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temptation ; but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kinge dom, the power, and the glory, for ever. AMEN.


Q. 120. Why hath Christ commanded us to address
God thus : “ Our Father?

A. That immediately, in the very beginning of our prayer, he might excite in us a child-like reverence for, and confidence in God, which are the foundation of our prayer : namely, that God is become our Father in Christ, a and will much less deny us what we ask of him in true faith, than our parents b will refuse us earthly things.

a Mat. 6. 9. b Mat. 7. 9, 10, 11. Luke 11. 11. Isa. 49. 15. Q. 121. Why is it here added, “ Which art in heaven?

A. Lest we should form any c earthly conceptions of God's heavenly majesty, and that we d may expect from his almighty power all things necessary for soul and body.

c Jer. 23. 24. d Acts 17. 24. Rom. 10. 12.

XLVII. LORD'S DAY. Q. 122. Which is the first petition ?

A. aHallowed be thy name;" that is, grant us first rightly b to know thee, and to c sanctify, glorify and praise thee, in all thy works, in which thy power, wisdom, goodness, justice, mercy and truth, are clearly displayed; and further also, that we may so order and direct our whole lives, our thoughts, words and actions, that thy name may never be blasphemed, but rather d honoured and praised on our account.

a Mat. 6. 9. b John 17. 3. Jer. 9. 23, 24. Mat. 16. 17. James 1. 5: 6 Psa. 119. 137, 138. Luke l 46. Psa. 145. 8, 9. d Psa. 115. 1. and 71. 8.

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XLVIII. LORD'S DAY. Q. 123. Which is the second petition ?

A. a Thy kingdom come ;" that is, rule us so by thy word and spirit, that we may b submit ourselves more and more to thee; preserve and c increase thy church ; destroy the d works of the devil, and all violence which would exalt itself against thee; and also, all wicked counsels devised against thy holy word; till the full e per

a Mat. 6. 10. b Mat. 6. 33. Psa. 119. 5. c Psa. 51. 18. di John 3. 8. Rom. 16. 20. e Rev. 22. 17, 20.

fection of thy kingdom take place, f wherein thou shalt be all in all.

f 1 Cor. 15. 28.


XLIX. LORD'S DAY. Q. 124. Which is the third petition ?

A. a Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven;" that is, grant that we and all men may rénounce b our own will, and without murmuring c obey thy will, wbich is only good ; that so every one may attend to and d perform the duties of his station and calling as willingly and faithfully, as the e angels do in heaven.

a Mat. 6. 10. b Mat. 16. 24. Tit. 2. 12. © Luke 22. 42. di Cor. 7. 24. Eph. 4. 1. e Psa. 103. 20.

Q. 125. Which is the fourth petition ?

A. a Give us this day our daily bread;" that is, be pleased to provide us with all things b necessary for the body, that we may thereby acknowledge thee to be the only fountain of all c good, and that neither our care nor industry, nor even thy gifts can d profit us without thy blessing; and therefore that we may withdraw our trust from all creatures, and place e it alone in thee.

a Mat. 6. 11. b Psa. 145. 15. Mat. 6. 25, &c. c Acts 17. 25. and 14. 17. di Cor. 15. 58. Deut. 8. 3. Psa. 127. 1, 2. e Psa. 62. 11. and 55. 22.

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LI. LORD'S DAY. R. 126. Which is the fifth petition ?

A. aAnd forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors ;" that is, be pleased for the sake of Christ's blood, b not to impute to us poor sinners, our transgressions, nos that clepravity, which always cleaves to us; even as we feel this evidence of thy grace in us, that it is our firm resolution, from the heart to c forgive our neighbour.

a Mat. 6. 12. 6 Psa. 51. 1. 1 John 2. 1, 2. c Mat. 6. 14, 15.

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LII. LORD'S DAY. Q. 127. Which is the sixth petition ?

A. aAnd lead us not into temptation, but deliver us frona evil;" that is, since we are so weak in ourselves, that we can

a Mat. 6. 13.

not stand b a moment; and besides this, since our mortal enemies, c the devil, the d world, and our own e flesh cease not to assault us; do thou therefore preserve and strengthen us by the power of thy holy spirit, that we may not be overcome in this spiritual warfare;f but constantly and strenuously may resist our foes, till at last weg obtain a complete victory.

b Rom. 8. 26. Psa. 103. 14. (1 Pet. 5. 8. d Eph. 6. 12. John 15. 19. e Rom. 7. 23. Gal. 5. 17. f Mat. 26. 41. Mark 13. 33. g 1 Thes, 3. 13, and 5. 23.

Q. 128. How dost thou conclu le thy prayer ?

A. hFor thin is the kingdom, the power and the glory for ever ;" that is, all these we ask of thet, because thou, being our King and Almighty, art writing and able to i give us all good ; and all this we pray for, that thereby not we, but thy holy name j may be glorified for ever.

h Mat. 6. 13. i Rom. 10. 12. 2 Pet. 2. 9. j Joha 14. 13. Psa. 115. 1. Phil. 4. 20.

Q. 129. What doth the word “ Amensignify ?

A. k Amen” signifies, it shall truly and certainly be : for my prayer is more assuredly heard of God, than I feel in my heart that I desire these things of him.

k 2 Cor. 1. 20. 2 Tim. 2. 13,



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Question 1. OW many things are necessary for thee to know, that

thou enjoying real confort mayest live and die happily ? Answer. Three : first, how great my sins and miseries are : the second, how i may be delivered from all my sins and miseries : the third, how I shah express my gratitude to God for such deliverance.


Q. 2. Whence knowest thou thy misery?
A. Out of the law of God.
Q. 3. What hath God commanded thee in his law ?

A. That is contained in the ten commandments, which he hath revealed in scripture, as follows :

Exodus xx and Deut. 5. 4, 5, &c. I am the Lord thy God, which have brought tuee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

1. Com. Thou shalt have no other Gods before me. 17. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, por any likeness of

of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I, the Lord thy God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them, that hate me, and showing mercy unto thousands of them, that love me, and keep my commandments.

III. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain : for the Lord will not bold him guiltless, that taketh his name in vain.

IV Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy: six days shalt thou labour and do all thy work ; but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day : wherefore the Lord blessed the sahbath day, and hallowed it.

V. Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long upon the land, which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

VI. Thou shalt not kill.
VII. Thou shalt not commit adultery.
VIII Thou shalt not steal.
IX. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

X. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house ; thou shalt not covet thy neigli hour's wise, nor his man servant, vor his maid-servant, nor his os, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

Q. 4. How are the ten commandments divided ?
A. Into two tables.

Q. 5. Which is the sum of what God requires of thee in the four com: mandments of the first table?

A. That I love the Lord my God, with all my heart, with all my soul, with all my mind, and with all my strength: this is the first and great com. mandment.

Q. 6. Which is the sum of what God commands thee in the six commandments of the second table !

A. That I love my neighbour as myself: on these two commandments hang the whole law and the prophets.

Q. 7. Canst thou keep all these things perfectly ?

A. In no wise : for I am prone by nature to hate God and my neighbour; and to transgress the commandments of God in thought, word, and deed.

Q. 8 Hath God created thee naturally so wicked and perverse !

A. By no means: but he created me good and after bis own image, in the true knowledge of God, in righteousness and in holiness.

Q. 9. Whence then proceeds that depravity which is in thee?

A. From the fall and disobedience of Adam and Eve iu Paradise ; hence our nature is become so corrupt, that we are all conceived and born in sin.

Q. 10. What was that disobedience?

A. That they did eat of the fruit of the tree, which God had forbidden them.

Q. U. Does the disobedience of Adam concern us?
A. Certainly: for he is the father of us all; and we have all sinned in him.

Q. 12. Are we then incapable of doing any good of ourselves, and prone to all manner of wickedness?

A. Indeed we are: unless we are regenerated by the spirit of God.
Q. 13. Will God suffer such disobedience and orruption to go unpunished!

A. By no means : but in his just judgment will punish them, both in time and eternity, as it is written: “ cursed is every one that contidueth not in all things, which are written in the book of the law to do them."


OF MAN'S DELIVERANCE. Q. 14. By what means canst thou escape this punishment, and be again received into favour?

A. By such a Mediator, who is in one person very God, and a real righteous man. Q. 15. Who is that Mediator?

A. Our Lord Jesus Christ, who in one person is true God, and a real righteous man. Q. 16. Could not the angels be our Mediators ? A. No: for they are neither God nor men. Q. 17. Cannot the saints be our Mediators?

A. No: for they themselves have sinned, and have obtained salvation by Do other means, than through this Mediator.

Q. 18. Shall all men then be saved by the Mediator, Jesus, as they are all condemned in Adam?

A. No: but those only who receive him by a true faith : as it is written, John 3. 16, “ for God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believed in him should not perish, but have everlasting life." R. 19. What is true faith?

A. It is a certain knowledge God, and of his promises revealed to us in the gospel, and an hearty confidence that all my sins are forgiven me, for Christ's sake.

Q. 20. What is the sum of that which God hath promised in the gospel, and commanded us to believe ?

A. That is comprehended in the twelve articles of the Catholic Christian Faith, which are as follows :

1. I believe in God, the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth.
2. And in Jesus Christ, his only begotten Son, our Lord :
3. Who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary.

4. Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried, he descended into hell.

5. The third day he rose again from the dead.

6. He ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God, the Father Almighty.

7. From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.
8. I believe in the Holy Ghost.
9. I believe an holy Catholic church, the communion of saints.
10. The forgiveness of sins.
11. The resurrection of the body.
12. And the life everlasting.

Q. 21. When you profess to believe in God the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost, do you mean three God's thereby ?

A. In no wise : for there is but one only true God. Q. 22. Why do you then naine three, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost

A. Because God hath so revealed himself in bis word, that these three disa

tinct persons, are the only one and true God, and we also are baptised in 1 the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.


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Q. 23. What believest thou when thou sayest, “ I believe in God, the ol

ather Almighty, maker of heaven and earth :)"

A. That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who of nothing

made heaven and earth, and still upholds them by his providence, is my Lilien God and Father, for Christ his Son's sake.

Q. 24. What believest thou when thou sayest, “ And in Jesus Christ his only begotten Son, our Lord ?”

A. That Jesus Christ is the eternal and only Son of the Father, co-essential with God the Father, and the Holy Ghost.


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