Biology, Pages 172-180
Neil Campbell and Jane Reece's BIOLOGY remains unsurpassed as the most successful majors biology textbook in the world. This text has invited more than 4 million students into the study of this dynamic and essential discipline.
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accept accumulates acetyl CoA Activity aerobic alcohol fermentation amino acids Anabolic Pathways answers ATP produced ATP synthase body breakdown called catabolic causes cell cellular respiration chemical energy chemiosmosis citrate citric acid cycle common Concept converted coupled cytosol demand difference digested directly drives early efficient electron acceptor electron transport chain electrons from NADH end product energy stored enzyme example exergonic FADH2 fermentation and cellular Figure final flow function glucose molecule glycolysis gradient H gradient harvesting humans hydrogen ions increased inhibits inner mitochondrial membrane intermediates intermembrane space knob lactate lactic acid fermentation lose mechanism metabolic mitochondrial matrix mole move NAD+ NADH occurs organic molecules oxidative phosphorylation oxidize glucose oxygen Phosphofructokinase photosynthesis points prokaryotes proton proton-motive force pump pyruvate redox reactions reduced regenerate Regulation released require rotor shuttle step substance substrate-level phosphorylation suggested supply synthesis transfer