Chemical Composition of Everyday Products

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005 - Reference - 205 pages
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Chemicals, both helpful and harmful, affect our everyday lives. From cosmetics to medications to cleansers to lighting, automotive, and office products, each is composed of a complex blending of elements to perform a specific task. This book analyzes over 100 groups of products, identifying the specific chemical composition of a product, its historical use, how it functions, and any associated environmental and/or human health issues. Ten laboratory exercises provide students with the opportunity to observe these chemicals in action. Readers will learn which chemical elements are in everyday products and how they may affect health and environment, assisting them in making educated choices as consumers.

Chemicals, both helpful and harmful, affect our everyday lives. From cosmetics to medications to cleansers to lighting, automotive, and office products, each is composed of a complex blending of elements to perform a specific task. This book analyzes over 100 groups of products, identifying the specific chemical composition of a product, the historical use of the product, how it functions, and any associated environmental and/or human health issues. Ten laboratory exercises provide students with the opportunity to observe these chemicals in action. Readers will learn which chemical elements are in everyday products and how they may affect health and environment, assisting them in making educated choices as consumers.

Products analyzed include: Soaps and laundry products; cosmetics and bathroom products; health and medical products; baby products; cleaning products; lighting; common household and lawn products; automotive and general repair products; common materials [paper, plastic cement, spray paint] and office supply products.

 

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Contents

Soaps and Laundry Products
1
BAR SOAP
4
SURFACTANTS
11
LAUNDRY AIDS
15
Bleaches
18
Enzymes
20
Fabric Softeners
21
Optical Whiteners Fluorescers
22
PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME DRUGS
110
PRURITUS ITCH TREATMENTS
115
SPERMICIDE BIRTH CONTROL PRODUCT
117
TOPICAL ANTIBIOTIC TREATMENTS
119
TOPICAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY TREATMENTS
122
VITAMINS
124
Vitamin A
126
Vitamin D
127

AUTOMATIC DISHWASHING DETERGENTS
23
Cosmetics and Bathroom Products
25
BODY LOTIONS AND CREAMS
26
Antiwrinkle Creams
27
DEODORANTANTIPERSPIRANT
28
EYE SHADOW
29
FACE MASKS
30
FACE POWDER
33
HAIR COLORING
34
HAIR CONDITIONERS
36
HAIR GEL
38
HAIR GROWTH PRODUCTS
39
HAIRSPRAY
42
LIPSTICK
43
LIP TREATMENTS
45
MASCARA
47
MOUTHWASH
48
NAIL POLISH
49
NAIL POLISH REMOVER
50
PERMANENT WAVING OF HAIR
51
SHAMPOO
53
SHAVING CREAM PREPARATIONS
55
SUNLESS TANNING PRODUCTS
57
SUNSCREENS
58
TOOTHPASTE
60
Health and Medical Products
63
ANALGESICS
66
ANTACIDS
72
ANTIDIARRHEALS
75
ANTIFLATULENCE AGENTS
77
ANTIFUNGUS FOOT TREATMENTS
78
COLD SORE TREATMENTS
80
CONTACT LENS CLEANING SOLUTION
83
CORN AND CALLUS FOOT TREATMENTS
85
COUGH MEDICATIONS
87
DECONGESTANTS
89
DIURETICS
91
EAR DROPS
93
FEMININE HYGIENE TREATMENTS 1
96
FEMININE HYGIENE TREATMENTS 2
98
INSOMNIA TREATMENTS
102
LAXATIVES
104
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING
105
MOTION SICKNESS TREATMENTS
107
Vitamin E
128
B Complex
130
Vitamin C
134
WART REMOVERS
135
Baby Products
139
DIAPER RASH TREATMENTS
140
Cleaning Products
143
DRAIN CLEANERS
144
GLASS CLEANERS
145
OVEN CLEANERS
146
TOILET BOWL CLEANERS
147
Lighting
149
FLUORESCENT LIGHTS
150
GLOW STICKS
151
INCANDESCENT LIGHTS
152
NEON LIGHTS
153
Common Household and Lawn Products
155
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
156
INSECTICIDES
158
Automotive and General Repair Products
161
FUEL ADDITIVES
162
GASOLINE
163
MOTOR OIL
164
RADIATOR FLUID
165
SYNTHETIC MOTOR OIL
166
WD40
167
WINDSHIELD WIPER FLUID
168
Common Materials and Office Supply Products
169
CORRECTION FLUID
170
POLARIZED SUNGLASSES
171
RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES
172
RECYCLED PLASTIC
173
SPRAY PAINT
174
TINTED WINDOWS
175
Laboratory Exercises
177
EVALUATION OF AN ENDOTHERMIC REACTION
180
INFLUENCE OF SALT ON THE FREEZING POINT OF WATER
181
MAKING SLIME
183
pH DETERMINATION OF EVERYDAY PRODUCTS
184
TESTING AN HERBICIDES EFFECT ON PHOTOSYNTHESIS
186
TESTING ANTACID EFFECTIVENESS
190
Glossary
191
Index
197
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

JOHN TOEDT is Assistant Professor of Physical Sciences at Eastern Connecticut State University where he is also Director of the Biochemistry Program.

DARRELL KOZA is Assistant Professor of Chemistry and serves as the Director of Chemistry for the Center for Antimicrobial Resistance at Eastern Connecticut State University.

KATHLEEN VAN CLEEF-TOEDT is currently Lecturer in the Department of Physiology and Neurobiology at the University of Connecticut.

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