Secret Selves: Confession and Same-Sex Desire in Victorian Autobiography

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Univ of North Carolina Press, Nov 9, 2000 - Literary Criticism - 282 pages
Focusing on the representation of same-sex desire in Victorian autobiographical writing, Oliver Buckton offers significant new readings of works by some of the most influential figures in late-nineteenth-century literature and culture. Combining original research, careful historical analysis, and contemporary theories of autobiography, gender, and sexual identity, he provides nuanced studies of confessional narratives by Edward Carpenter, John Henry Newman, John Addington Symonds, Oscar Wilde, and, in an epilogue, E. M. Forster.

By examining the "confessional" elements of these writings, Buckton brings "secrecy" into focus as a central and productive component of autobiographical discourse. He challenges the conventional view of secrecy as the suppression of information, instead using the term to suggest an oscillation between authorial self-disclosure and silence or reserve--a strategy for arousing the reader's interest and establishing a relation based on shared knowledge while deferring or displacing the revelation of potentially incriminating and scandalous desires. Though their
disclosures of same-sex desire jeopardized the cultural privilege granted these writers by Victorian codes of authorship and masculinity, their use of secrecy, Buckton shows, allowed them to protect themselves from Victorian stigma and to challenge prevailing constructions of sexual identity.

Originally published in 1998.

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Contents

Introduction The Seifand Its Secrets
1
Secrecy and Perversion in John Henry Newmans Apologia pro Vita Sua
21
Desire and Displacement in John Addington Symondss Memoirs
60
Chapter 3 Defacing Oscar Wilde
107
The Hidden Agenda of Edward Carpenters My Days and Dreams
161
Sexual Reconstruction in E M Forsters Secret Fictions
206
Notes
219
Works Cited
251
Index
261
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Oliver S. Buckton is associate professor of English at Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton, Florida.

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