The Ancient Near East, C. 3000-330 BC, Volume 1

Front Cover
Psychology Press, 1995 - Midddle East - 782 pages
The Ancient Near East embraces a vast geographical area, from the borders of Iran and Afghanistan in the east to the Levant and Anatolia, and from the Black Sea in the north to Egypt in the south. It was a region of enormous cultural, political and linguistic diversity. In this authoritative new study, Amélie Kuhrt examines its history from the earliest written documents to the conquest of Alexander the Great, c.3000-330 BC. This work dispels many of the misapprehensions which have surrounded the study of the region. It provides a lucid, up-to-date narrative which takes into account the latest archaeological and textual discoveries and deals with the complex problems of interpretation and methodology. The Ancient Near East is an essential text for all students of history of this region and a valuable introduction for students and scholars working in related subjects.
 

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Contents

THE LEVANT c 1200c 720 385
1
General map of the Near East
2
The environment
6
9e The fall of Assyria 540
8
TABLES
11
The Neolithic background
12
MESOPOTAMIA IN THE THIRD MILLENNIUM BC
19
Early Mesopotamia
20
13e The structure of the Achaemenid empire 676
140
Boatgrave of the queens pyramid Giza
141
Nomes of Upper Egypt
152
3c Herakleopolis and the rise of Thebes c 21801991
154
the First Intermediate Period
155
3d Egypt in the Middle Kingdom c 2040c 1720 20231720
161
Chronology of dynasty XII
162
Kiosk of Sesostris I from Karnak Thebes
169

chronology of main archaeological phases
22
1a Uruk vase
24
1b The cities c 29002340
27
ANATOLIA c 900c 550 547
29
449
30
Banquet scene from the Ur standard
35
Vulture stele from Girsu
37
Sumerian warchariot
38
1c The Empire of Agade
44
3i Chronology of Agade rulers and their successors
45
3ii Alternative chronology of Agade kings
46
NaramSin victory stele from Susa
52
1d The Third Dynasty of Ur 21122004
56
The state of the Third Dynasty of Ur
57
Chronology of the Third Dynasty of Ur
63
Urziggurat reconstruction
65
Sealimpression from an Ur III tablet
67
THE OLD BABYLONIAN
74
8a The seapeoples 386
75
Chronology of southern Mesopotamia c 20001750
79
2b Ashur in the Old Assyrian period c 2000c 1800
81
Chronology of the Old Assyrian kings
82
Upper Mesopotamia and north Syria
83
THE ACHAEMENID EMPIRE c 550330 647
87
2c The Old Assyrian merchants in Anatolia c 1900c 1830
90
Archaeological sequence of Kültepe in the Old Assyrian kārumperiod
91
Painted fresco of a royal investiture scene Mari
96
Terracottalion one of a pair from Tell Harmal
97
First Dynasty of Babylon and contemporary kings
99
Scene at top of Hammurabi stele from Susa
103
2e Hammurabi and the First Dynasty of Babylon 18941595
108
11f The cities of Babylonia in the Late Babylonian period 610
116
EGYPT FROM DYNASTY ITO DYNASTY XVII
118
physical features
119
8c The survival of Late Bronze Age centres 401
123
dynasties XXIXXV 1069664 623
124
3a The formation of the Egyptian state
125
red crown c double crown d serekh palace façade surmounted by Horus falcon e two ladies vulture and cobra f msw bity sedge and bee g cartouche
126
Chronology of predynastic and Early Dynastic Egypt
128
Narmer palette
129
Predynastic sites in Egypt
131
3b Egypt in the Old Kingdom dynasties IIIVI c 26862181
135
Old Kingdom
136
3e The Second Intermediate Period and Hyksos rule in Egypt
173
Chronology of the Second Intermediate Period
175
The great powers c 1600c 1050
183
chronology
186
Blue crown
190
Plan of Thebes
191
4c The Amarna period late dynasty XVIII 14031306 13901295
194
Plan of Amarna
198
Akhenaten and family
200
dynasties XIX and XX
204
dynasties XIX XX and XXI
205
4e The New Kingdom state
211
8d Israel the formation of a small Levantine state c 1200900 417
214
THE HITTITES
225
Chronology of Hittite kings
230
Sites in Hittite Anatolia
233
Plan of Hattusa
235
View of part of rockshrine of Yazılıkaya
236
5c The Hittite Old Kingdom c 1650c 1500
238
5d The Hittite Empire c 1430 1420c 1200
250
5e The Hittite state
266
Seal impression of Arnuwanda III Hattusa
278
SYRIA AND THE LEVANT
283
Chronology of kings of Mitanni
290
6b Ugarit
300
Tablet with Ugaritic alphabet found in 1948
303
Kings of Ugarit
306
6c Emar
314
SyriaPalestine in the Late Bronze Age
319
MESOPOTAMIA c 1600c 900
332
THE NEOASSYRIAN EMPIRE 934610 473
336
Painting from the palace at Dur Kurigalzu Aqar Quf
341
7b Assyria in the Middle Assyrian period c 1400c 1050
348
chronology
351
9d The structure of the Assyrian empire
358
664525 636
362
the classical period c 1450c 1100
365
Elam
366
Chronology of Elamite kings
369
Chogha Zanbil ziggurat
370
Political structure and society
373
Babylonian chronology 1155c 905
376
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