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into physiological learning. He had above the reach of my capacity. For a reflecting mind, and, well weighing though (as you observe in your oblithe analogy that prevails throughout ging letter,) there is some similitude nature, was led to remark, that as we in onr lives, yet the parallel will not are acquainted with phosphoric and hold in the point of learning; for you electric animals, it is not improbable have been, in that respect, much hapthat future times may discover plants pier than I have been, who have never which, like the torpedo and gymnotus, had the advantage of such a liberal shall electrify the intruder who dares education as you are blest with ; it to approach them. The Abbé Bertho- being my misfortune to be a stranger lon and Dr. Ingenhouz were of the to the universities, of which you are an same opinion. As a portion of labour ornament. However, I shall not be and attention appears now to be di- wanting in diligence yet to improve myrected to investigating the interior of self; and, as the chief duties of Chrisunexplored regions, this speculation, tianity (I mean those which are abso though a most singular one, may even- lutely necessary to salvation,) lie in a tually be found to be no miscon- narrow compass, and are pretty obviception.

ous and plain, I will do my best enORIGINAL LETTER OF S. DUCK THE poet deavour to recommend them in such

a manner as may excite mankind to Sir,--I return you many thanks for practise them ; which if I can do, I the valuable present of your book, shall think myself not entirely useless which I received by the hands of Mr. to society. "And now, dear sir, } Lillington. I have read it once over heartily congratulate you on your with pleasure, and have begun it a success, and the amazing progress you second time; and a second time I am have made in the learned world; I sinedified, -hac decies repetita placebit. cerely wish that it may turn out to the Your account of the tree of life, the advantage of yourself in particular, as Sabbath, and sacrifices, are very inge- it must be to the benefit of mankind nious; and, if you have not demonstra- in general. When you come towards tion, you have at least great probabi- London, the honour of seeing you here lity on your side. But I ought to be would be extremely grateful to, sir, very careful how I give my opinion on

Your most obliged, matters so abstruse, and so much

humble servant,


S: Duck .

Kew Green, in Surrey; June 14, 1747. Mr. Wedderburne, who was first soli

P.S.—I do not wonder to see Dr. Oliver citor and then attorney general, and among the number of your friends; he is afterwards lord high chancellor. His one to all mankind. I have obligations to speech, at present, is not to be distinhim myself, which I shall always acknow. guished from that of the most poledge. If you see him in your way to Delished natives of England, in point of vonshire, be so kind as to tell him that I frequently think of him with pleasure.

pronunciation and of intonation. The LORD ROSSLYN.

instance of Lord Aylmoor, a lord of The difficulties of getting rid of a

session at Edinburgh, was yet more exScotch or Irish pronunciation are con

traordinary, for only by conversing siderable; but examples are not want- and reading with actors, and other ing to stimulate those who are in pur. he arrived at a perfect accuracy of

Englishmen, without leaving Scotland, suit of this object. There is now in London a gentleman, in a high office pronunciation. of the law, who did not leave Scotland LORD CHANCELLOR ELDON, till after he had been some years ad- Is a wonderful instance of good forvanced in manhood; and yet, by re- tune, and is justly praised for his bonceiving instruction for a few months hommie. He was the pupil of Mr. only, according to the plan laid down Bray, the great conveyancer, who was by Sheridan, sen. he has conquered all the nephew of Matt. Duane, the great the difficulties attached to inveterate Roman Catholic conveyancer.

Such habits. I allude to Lord Rosslyn, or was his assiduity and attention, that


Mr. B. observed, “there ate several Afar I see their famish'd orphans roam, of the young men in my office who And none dare bid the princely wand'rers possess equal and even greater talents home. than Scott, but none who have equal Ha! what hireling sabres there patience, or plod so much, I there- Round yon shivering victim glare! fore have great hopes of him.”

Till, goaded on, his treasure he displays. Mr. Scott, however, had no great

Now the slaves dislodge the hoard, hopes of himself; for he despaired of While savagely serene their chief aloof

Bury now its slaughter'd lord; rising in Westminster Hall, and actually

surveys. conceived the idea of retiring into the country, and practising as a provincial

* India, rise! thy sword unhouse,

And red let retribution flow; lawyer. Accordingly, when the Re

Round to thy monster-dens, and rouse cordership of Newcastle became va

Their yelling tenants forth upon thy foe. cant, he applied to Mr. Bray for his Convoke thy snakes, thy crocodiles from interest on this occasion. The latter far, assured him of his utmost efforts on Such dragon-hosts beseem a Christian war. his behalf, but recommended a longer Ruffians! if they 'scape from these, trial. On a longer trial he succeeded. 'Scape thy demons of disease, At that period he resided in Powis- If Ocean hence their guilt and plunder bear, place, near Great Ormond-street, in Rise, monsoons, nor yield retreat, the immediate vicinity of his old mas

Rise and smite their miscreant fleet, ter; dined every day at half past The oaken ruins whelm, nor aught they

harbour spare. three, and at five regularly trudged down to chambers. As he constantly “See sublimer vengeance rise ! passed the door of Mr. Bray, the lat- Avaunt ye tempests, tigers, snakes! ter was accustomed to say to his wife On Heaven snch mighty mischief cries, (now Mrs. M‘Evoy), “ Řemark what

And Heaven iu dread hostility awakes. I say, my dear; you will live to see

Lo! home that wretch attains, but how

unblest! this young man Lord Chancellor of Guilt peoples there the dungeon of his Great Britain !” a prophecy that was breast. actually fulfilled in the course of a very Horrors tend his wakeful lamp; few years.

All his splendor horrors damp; The pride of wealth of the Surtees Misdeeds, like ghosts, before him threatwas wounded at the alliance; the ’ning rise. country banker and his family dis- Livingly upstarts his hair, dained connexion with the son of a Ha! his dagger clench'd and bare! coal-fitter, and the grandson of a coal- Mercy! that reeking plunge: his soul off skipper; but the young lawyer replied screaming flies. oficially, by affixing his seal as Lord "India, triomph! and behold Chancellor to the docket that sanc. The wolves their prey to Europe bear; tioned the bankruptcy of the family.

Their doom lurks brooding in thy gold,

Which here inert, sublimes to poison AN ode,

there. (Written in 1775,) On the Crimes perpetrated by British Agents And mangles states by luxury and strife.

It there dissolves the charitics of life, in India. 'Twas beneath an hallow'd palm,

To thy tyrants 'tis decreed, On Ganges' banks, a Bramin lay,

Gold and ruin be their meed! What time, in atmospheres of balm,

This truth the fool of glory felt of yore, Eve's golden lids inclos'd the eye of day,

Britain's freedom-Britain's all!) Then Vision, holy prophetess, pass’d by;

By the spoils of thine shall fall! She mark the sage, and in' his slumber. Her iron-gripe shall cease, and thou shalt

groan no more. Marshad many a mystic shade, Many a drama she display'd,

In Gray's Supplement to the PharThat from his heart the blood of pity macopoeia, it is stated, that“from 1728

India'i wilderness of woes,

to 1758, during which time women Bondage, rapine, murder rose,

were almost exclusively employed as The patriot-seer beheld, and up in phrenzy took place in child-bed ; while in eight

midwives, out of 759,122 deaths, 6,481 sprung. "Hark! that sound"tis torture's cry!

years, from 1807 to 1814, when the The Christian vultures rage amain;

apothecary men-midwives were as exYonder in caves our Rajah's die,

clusively employed, out of 147,304 Reft of dominion-birthright was their deaths, 1,404 were in child-hed."


ing eye




Drank in the victim's shirfek as músic's breath,
From the Prize Poem of the “Royal Society of

And liv'd o'er scenes, the festivals of Death!

And there was mirth, too!-strange and savage

mirth, Sepulchral Cairns and Druidical Remains on More fearful far than all the woes of earth! the Moor.

The laughter of cold hearts, and scoffs that spring YET what avails it, tho' each moss-growo heap

From minds to which there is no sacred thing,

And transient bursts of fierce exulting glee, Guarding the dust which slumbers well beneath, The lightuing's flash upon its blasted tree, (Nor need such care) from each cold season's breath?

But still, howe'er the soul's disguise were worn, Where is the voice to tell their tale who rest,

If from wild revelry, or baughty scorn, Thus rodely pillow'd, on the desert's breast?

Or buoyant hope, it won an outward show, Doth the sword sleep beside them ?-Hath there Slight was the mask, and all beneath it—woe. been

Yet was this all ?-amidst the dungeon-gloom, A sound of battle midst the silent scene

The void, the stillness, of the captive's doom, Where now the flocks repose ?-Did the scyth'd car Were there no deeper thoughts 7-and that dark Here reap its harvest in the rank of war?

Power, And rise these piles in memory of the slain, To whom Guilt owes one late, but dreadful hour, And the red combat of the mountain.plain? The mighty debt through years of crime delay'd, It may be thos:-the vestiges of strife,

But, as the grave's, inevitably paid; Around yet lingering, inark the steps of life,

Came he poi thither, in his burning force, And the rude arrow's barb remains to tell

The lord, the tamer of dark souls, - Remorse? How by its stroke perchance the mighty, fell, Yes! as the night calls forth from sea and sky, To be forgotten. Vain the warrior's príde,

From breeze and wood, a solemn harmony; The chieftain's power-they had no bard, and died. Lost, when the swift, triumphant wheels of day, Bat other scenes, from their antroubled sphere,

In light and sound are hurrying on their way; Th'eternal stars of night have witness'd here.

Thus, from the deep recesses of the heart, There stands an altar of unsculptur'd stone,

The voice that sleeps, but never dies, might start, Far on the Moor, a thing of ages gone,

Calld up by solitude, each nerve to thrill, Propp'd on its granite pillars, whence the rains,

With accents beard not, save when all is still! And pure bright dews, have lav'd the crimson stains,

The voice inaudible, when Havoc's train Left by dark sites of blood; for here of yore,

Crush'd the red vintage of devoted Spain; When the bleak waste a robe of forests wore,

Mute when Sierras to the war-whoop rung,

And the broad light of conflagration sprung, And many a crested oak, which now lies low,

From the South's marble cities;-hushd, midst Here, at dead midnight, through the haunted shade, That told the Heavens of mortal agonies; On Druid harps the quivering moonbeam play'd, And spells were breath'd, that fill'd the deepening

But gathering silent strength, to wake at last, gloom

In the concentred thunders of the past. With the pale shadowy people of the tomb.

And there, perchance, some long-bewilder'd mind, Or, haply, torches waving through the night,

Torn from its lowly sphere, its path confin'd, Bade the red cairn-fires blaze from every height.

Of village duties, in the Alpine glen, Like battle-signals, whose unearthly gleams

Where Nature cast its lot 'inidst peasant mea; Threw o'er the desert's hundred bills and streams

Drawn to that vortex, whose fierce Ruler blent A savage grandeur; while the starry skies

The earthquake power of each wild element, Rung with the peal of mystic harmonies,

To lend the tide which bore his throne on high As the loud harp its deep-ton'd hymas sent forth

One impulse more of desp'rate energyi To the storin-ruling powers,—the War-gods of the Might,

when the billow's awful rush was d'er, North.

Which toss'd its wreck upon the storm-beat shore,
Won from its wand'rings past, by suffering tried,

Search'd by remorse, by anguish purified; Prisoners of W'ar confined on Dartmoor. Have fix'd at length its troubled hopes and fears

On the far world, seen brightest through our tears! But ages rollid away; and England stood With her proud banner streaming o'er the food,

Aud in that hour of triumph or despair, And with a lofty calmness in her eye,

Whose secrets all must learn, but none declare, And regal in collected majesty,

When of the things to come a deeper sense To breast the storm of bairle. Every breeze

Fills the rais'd eye of trembling Penitence, Bore sounds of triumph o'er her own blue seas;

Have turp'd to Him, whose bow is in the cloud,

Around fe's limits gathering as a shroud;
And other lands, redeem'd and joyous, drank
The life-blood of her heroes, as they sank

The fearful mysteries of the heart who knows,
On the red fields they won; whose wild flowers wave

And by the tempest calls it to repose. Now in luxuriant beauty o'er tbelr grave.

Who visited that death-bed?-who can tell 'Twas then the captives of Britannia's war,

Its brief sad tale, on which the soul might dwell, Here, for their lovely southern climes afar,

And learn immortal lessons ?--who bebeld In bondage pin'd; the spell-deluded throng,

The struggling hope, by shame, by doubt repell'da Dragg'd at Ambition's chariot-wheels so long,

The agony of prayer,-ibe bursting tears,To die,-because a de pot could not elasp

The dark remembrances of guilty years, A sceptre, fitted to his bonodless graep.

Crowding upon the spirit in their inight,Yes! they whose march had rock'd the ancient

He, through the storm who look'd, and there was

light? thrones And temples of the world; the deepeuing tones of whose advancing trumpet, from repose

Prospects of Cultivation and Improvement. Had startled nations, wakening to their woes,

Yes! let the Waste lift np the exulting voice! Were prisoners here. And there wore some whose Let the far-echoing solitudes rejoice! dreams

And thou, love Moor! where po blithe reaper's song Were of sweet homes, by chainless mountain

E'er lightly sped the summer hours along, streams,

Bid the wild rivers, from each mountain source, And of the vide-clad bills, and many a 'strain

Rushing in joy, make inusic on their course! And festal melody of Loire or Seine;

Thou, whose sole records of existence mark Aud of those mothers who had watch'd and wept,

The scene of barb'rous rites in ages dark, When on the field th' anshelier'd conscript slept, And of some nameless combat; Hope's bright eye Bath'd with the midnight dews. And some were Beams o'er thee in the light of Prophecy! there,

Yet shalt thou smile, by busy culture drest, Of sterner spirits, harden'd by despair,

And the rich barvest wave upon thy breast; Who, in their dark imagigings, again

Yet shall thy cottage smoke at dewy morn, Fir'a 'the rich palace and the stately fane,

Rise in blue wreaths above the flowering thoro,


Aad, 'mblet thy baialet shades, the embosom'd When holy straidis, from Ile's pure fonnt wirch

sprung, Catch from deep-kindling heavent their earliest fire. Breath'd with deep revorence, falter on its tongue. Thice, too, that hour shall bless, the balmy close And such shall be thy music! when the cells or Labour's day, the herald of repose,

Where Guilt, the child of hopeless Mis'ry, dwells, Which gathers hearts in peace; while social Mirth (And to wild strength by desperation wrought, Basks in the blaze of each free village hearth; In silence broods o'er inany a fearful thought,) While peasant songs are on the joyoas gales, Resound to Pity's voice; and childhood thence, And merry England's voice floats up from all her Ere the cold blight hath reach'd its innoceuce, vales.

Ere that soft rose-blogin of the soul be fled, Yet are there sweeter sounds; and thou shalt hear

Which Vice but breatheson, and its hies are deadSach as to Heaven's immortal host are dear,

Shall at the call press forward, to be made Oh! if there still be melody on earth,

A glorious offering, meet for Him who said, Wertby the sacred bowers where

man bad birth,

“Mercy, not sacrifice! And when, of old, When angel steps their paths rejoicing trod,

Clouds of rich incense from his alt:urs rolld, And the air trembled with the breath of God;

Dispers’d the smoke of perfumes, and laid bare ke lives in those sweet accents, to the sky,

The heart's deep folds, to rend its honrage there. Berne from thie lips of stainless infancy,


VERY useful and interesting create a rapid diffusion of knowledge,

botanical work, by J.C. LEUCHS, the parent of liberty, to which we corhas been published at Nuremberg. It dially wish success. is entitled, “ Anleitung Zum Anbau A work, entitled “Spain and the Ausländischer Pflanzen," (Directions Revolution,” published at Leipsic, for the Cultivation of Exotic Plants,) contains many striking facts and obwith a Supplement, explaining the me- servations relative to that great event, thod of preserviog them from the bad It is divided into five parts, compreeffects of the climate, and on the hending the theory of revolutions in easiest mode of increasing its heat. general :-On the situation of Spain, After giving their classification, mode from the period of 1761 to 1818; on of culture, &c. in the first chapter, the the influence of the new doctrines, author considers the peculiar differ- leading to the revolution at Aranjuez; ences between the German and the on the French invasion; the Junta of more southern climates, their soil and Seville; the Cortez; on the return of atmosphere, as affecting the growth the King, his rejection of the Constiand formation of the plants: to which tution, and the fate of the liberals and he adds remarks on the possibility of the servites, &c. The mere circulatheir naturalization in northern lati- tion of these facts, independant of any tudes. Three supplements follow :- arguments, cannot fail to do good, Ist. Respecting means to facilitate and produce some sensation even in their growth with us. 2d. On the fo- Germany. reign origin of many plants, now com- Professor AMBROZIO Levati, of monly grown here. 3d. Observations Milan, has lately produced a work in on hot-houses, and on the manner in five volumes, entitled “the Travels which several are now heated by of Francesco Petrarca, in France, steam. It is altogether deserving the Germany, and Italy.” It is in part notice of scientific and botanical taken from historical facts and real stadents.

incidents in the poet's life, and in The first part of “Transactions of part embellished with fictitious narrathe Practical Medical Society of St. tives. So far, we do not think the Petersburgh, established in 1819, for author has shown his taste and judgthe purpose of communicating to the ment; as fine and abundant materials whole body the various facts and re- were to be found without the least sults obtained by each member's per- need to have recourse to imaginary sonal experience in the course of his adventures, and mingling truth with practice. The present volume embraces fable, However delightful such a many valuable and interesting papers subject, and however amusing and inon peculiar cases, with the modes of teresting it may thus be rendered, the treatment in some of the most danger- author should have previously reflectous diseases, by the first professors ed, what a desideratum a good and and physicians; such as Bluhm, Mil- faithful life of Petrarch, is, even yet, hansen, Wolff, Harder, and Müller.— among the Italians, and how much Other societies are, in the same man- more honour he might have acquired ner, springing up in St. Petersburgh, had 'he, in preference to the present, and different parts of the Russian do: undertaken and accomplished it. minions, which will in a short time A publication has appeared at


Mentz, by M. Thoest, entitled, "the by the peace of 1816, a consideraHistory of Magic, Demons, Sorcerers, ble part of those losses was recover&c." which contains an affecting nar- ed, and the acquisition of the counrative of numbers that have suffered tries on the Rhine proved a source of for the pretended crime of magic. aggrandizement, forming a striking The cases enumerated are proved contrast, as to statistical calculafrom unequivocal authority. In these tions, to the arid tracts beyond the excesses of the magistrates, female Vistula. sorcerers have been the greatest suf- All the Prussian states, at present, ferers. Among other curious articles are divided into ten provinces, and in the collection, we learn that Chris- these are subdivided into twenty-seven topher de Rantzow, a gentleman of districts of Regency, and 338 circles. Holstein, whose heated imagination The surface, not including the lakes, had misled his understanding, con- comprehends 13,744 square leagues, signed eighteen persons to the flames, of twenty-five to a degree. The popaat one time, the wretched victims of a lation, including the military, may be merciless superstition. In a village rated at 10,976,252, which allows 798 to called Lindheim, containing about 600 a square league. The inhabited houses inhabitants, not less than thirty were are estimated at 1,570,805, including destroyed by fire, in the narrow space the cities, towns, or villages. The cicontained between the years 1661 and ties or principal towns, in number 1665. In this inhuman plan of treat- 1027, are divided into four classes. ment, towards an unhappy class of Those of the first rank are Berlin, persons,

the author points out Wurtz- Breslau, Dantzic, Cologne, Konigsburg as having frequently been sub- berg, Magdeburg, Stettin, Aix-laject to well-merited reproach. It Chapelle, Elberfeld, and Bremen. appears from the Acta Magica of Nau- The towns of the second rank are 133 bers, that, between the years 1627 and in number, twenty-seven of which are 1629, 127 individuals perished, in sic in the countries on the Rhine, while milar instances of cruelty, practised the three great provinces of the east, by their brother men. The principal that is, Eastern and Western Prussia objects of such nefarious dealings and Posen, have only sixteen. The were old women or travellers, and fre- towns of the third class, in number quently poor children from nine to ten 401, are such as have a population exyears of age. Occasionally, such out- ceeding 1500 individuals. Of those rages have been perpetrated on per- of the fourth rank, in number 483, we sons of some consequence, proficients find 244 of a population inferior to in knowledge, above the general ap- 1500, and the other 239 are below a prehension of the age, or such as had thousand. Throughout the Prussian acquired property by their industry. states, according to the census of 1819, Among many others, in the shocking the number of horses was 1,332,276; detail, are the respectable names of of horned cattle, 4,275,705; of sheep, fourteen vicars, two young gentlemen, 9,065,720. With respect to the prosome counsellors, the largest or most ductions of the soil, the means and corpulent man in Wurtzburg, and his materials of industry, commerce, and wife, the handsomest woman in the city, other resources, that constitute the and a student or scholar engaged in riches of a state, the Board of Statisthe study of foreign languages. These tics at Berlin intend hereafter to pubinnocent sufferers were frequently put lish the requisite details. to the torture. But what must our feelings and principles incline us to Brief Analysis of the Report presented think of an enormity here brought to to the Minister of Interior, by the recollection, in the instance of a poor French Medical Commission sent to girl that suffered so late as in the year Barcelona. 1749?

In general, according to the concen

trated view which these physicians Statistics of the Prussian Dominions. give of the contagion, it is no other than

These extend from the frontiers of the yellow fever; as such, they have Russia to those of France, and consist always considered it, though they may of an assemblage of slips and samples not declare this positively. They mainof almost all the German nations. By tain, that the malady did not take its rise the war of 1806 the monarchy lost in Barcelona, that it did not originate in one-fifth part of its population; but, the filthiness of the streets, or the on2


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