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touch an unsanctified work of fancy, it fur. our abominable system of impressment, A Dishes a convenient mode of reconciling valuable pamphlet, by CAPTAIN LAYMAN, amusement and conscience. But then we of the navy, entitled, The Pioneer, or Strice must insist that other religious sects be tures on Maritime Strength and Economy, treated with tolerable candour; which, we embraces some just remarks and useful are sorry to say, is by no means the case in suggestions on this topic; to which we may the volumes before us. The Catholics are add two other recent publications of condescribed as implacable enemies to the siderable merit, under the titles of Cursory establishment of the conatry; their tenets Suggestions on Naval Subjects, with a Plan are said to neutralize the best principles of for raising Seamen by Ballot, and Reasons Christianity, and their civil emancipation for abolishing Impressment ; by LIEDT. R. is reprobated in the strongest terms. The S. HALY, R.N. The object of the scheme, subtleties of Unitarianism, a faith which is developed at some length, in the Cursory rather distinguished by its rejection of sub- Suggestions, is to limit the period of service tleties, are spoken of with a kind of horror, in the navy, and to establish an universal and no opportunity is omitted of deprecia- ballot, enforced by embargo, on the breakting every sect but that which, having had ing out of a war; which the author is of the good fortune to number the learned opinion would supply a considerably author (for we take it for granted he is a greater number of able seamen than can lawyer,) amongst its proselytes, has thus possibly be raised by the impress. The become, at once, the standard of spiritual Reasons are given in a very plain, honest, truth. Nor are his political opinions at all and earnest manner, and are, to our appremore moderate. The visionary schemes of hension, unanswerablc. We fervently reform are rejected with contempt, as

unite with the writer in his warm expostubeing either the masks of the designing or lations: “In the name of God, of common the dreams of the imbecile. In one of his sense, of humanity, of mercy, let this vile views alone do we cordially coincide with practice be abandoned; let at least some the author, and this is in the diffusion of attempt be made to do without it.” It is universal education, for which, strange to to be hoped that these prayers will not be say, he is a strenuous advocate. Thus it given to the winds; that these solid arguis that the advancing spirit of the age urges ments will not be disregarded ; that corrupon even the bigotted and the prejudiced to tion and abuse are not altogether unassailathe adoption of beneficial measures, by ble and impregnable; and that, in this which the web woven with so much care quarter at least, they will shortly yield to will be finally unravelled. Universal edu. the united arguments and authority of so catiou is the only engine we ask, to effect many gallant members of the profession. the most generous and wholesome schemes An interesting volume of American of civil and ecclesiastical reformation. In Biography has lately appeared, entitled, other respects, we have derived considera. Memoirs of Charles Brockden Brown, the ble amusement from the perusal of the American Novelist, Author of Wieland, work, which is written in a pleasing and Ormond, Arthur Merryn, &c. with Selections correct style, and is not without interest from his Original Letters and Miscellaneous in its fable,

Writings, by WM. DUNLAP. Mr. Brown's We would willingly hope that the time works have been long known to the Eng. is not far distant, when the government, lish public, one of them, Arthur Mervyn, taking advantage of the present interval of having been reprinted in this country peace, will turn its serious attention to the nearly twenty years ago ; and they appear subject of impressment, on which the opi. to have obtained fully as much celebrity as nion of professional men, we are happy to they merit. The life of the novelist has observe, begins to be very unequivocally afforded but little matter for the pen of his expressed. As lovers of the constitution, biographers, and exhibits nothing more and as philanthropists, we have nothing to than a sketch of those literary occupations say against the prevailing system. To ar- to which Mr. Brown's life was devoted. guments advanced against it by us in those He was originally destined to the profescharacters, and as landsmen into the bar- sion of the law, but a morbid temper of gain, it would be very cogently replied, mind, from which he was never free, inthat we are mere innovating theorists, who duced him to relinquish bis legal views; have never made a voyage, and wish to and he seems to have bad recourse to pave the way for reform. We very wil- literary pursuits rather as a means of singly, therefore, turn over the controversy filling up his time, than from any desire of to post-captains and lieutenants, who have distinction or love of gain. In his epistobeen more conversant with hard blows than lary style he is not successful; he betrays with subtle speculation ; whose reforms too much sententiousness and formality, will not be suspected of extending beyond and affects something of the stateliness of the body politic of a man-of-war; but Johnson's style. The miscellanies at the whose good sense and good feeling eod of the volume are not of much imstrongly point out to them the absurdity, portance. To an American thiese Memoirs the wickedness, and the disadvantages of may be valuable; but, on this side of the

Atlantic,

Atiantie, they will not, probably, excite Evans have acted with sotnd discretion mach attention.

in publishing bis Sermons, which are chaThe question as to the injurious or bene- racterised by much good sense and very ficial effects of machinery has been of late excellent principles, both moral and relicontested with some warmth, in conse- gious. When regarded as the productions quence of the depressed state of agricul- of a young man,

who was cut off, at the tore, and the attempts which have been early age of twenty-one, from the society made in some parts of the country to de- of which he promised to become a distin. ter the farmer from the use of the thresh- guished ornament, they may be regarded ing machines. In Norfolk and Suffolk as singular indications of mature excelmany of these machines have been riotous- lence. A short but interesting memoir is ly destroyed, and we observe that many prefixed to the sermons, from the pen of gentlemen have recommended to their the editor, Dr. T. Southwood Smith, who tenants to desist from using them. This has recorded the talents and virtues of his measure originates, no doubt, in a very deceased young friend in terms of warm, benevolent motive; but we confess it and apparently well-founded, affection and seems to us absurd to compel the farmer, esteem. An amusing journal of a tour, in the midst of his distress, to thresh his under the title of “A Week's Ramble into corn in a more tedious and expensive way the Western Highlands," is subjoined, than before. This is not the way to re- which is interesting, as another relic of the lieve him, nor, in the end, to serve the young author; and the volume concludes labourer, who cannot thrive on the ruin of with an excellent Sermon on Resignation, the farmer. It is not the threshing ma- by the Rev. John Evans, the father of the chine which has thrown agricultural la- deceased, being the first preached after bourers out of employ, but a financial the death of his son, and written for that machine of a very different stractare. Let occasion. the farmer get, what he cannot get under The sudden and afflicting catastrophe, the present system, a permanent remune- which terminated the career of one of the rating price for his crops, and we should most original and imaginative of our poets, soon see the labouring classes in full em- has excited general sympathy and regret; ploy, in spite of machines for threshing, or and the admirers of his brilliant and eccenfor any other purpose. We have been led tric genius will not be slow to lament his into these remarks by a little tract, enti- fate, and commemorate his high endow. tled, An Address to Manufaclurers, Far ments. We notice a short, but elegant mers, &c. proving the use of machinery to be and feeling tribute to his memory, in an destructive to the morals and happiness of the Elegy on the Death of Percy Bysshe Shelley, nation,-a position in which we cannot at by ARTHUR BROOKE, whose compositions all concur with the author, whose work, we have heretofore had opportunities of however well meant, is calculated to mentioning with deserved approbation. spread very mistaken and mischievons no- There is much pathos and poetical spirit tions. Of the general good effect of ma- in Mr. Brooke's stanzas; and it is an chinery, in supplying an article of neces. affecting consideration, that the generous sity or comfort in greater abundance, and poet, who so lately gave “the meed of his at a diminished price, there cannot be a melodious tear" to the grave of the young doubt. Nor do we consider its particular and unfortunate Keats, to whom he was effect on the labourer to be more ques- personally unknown, should so soon claim Lionable. Every diminution in price acts the same melancholy offices, and receive as a bounty on consumption; and the in- them, as in this instance, from stranger crease of consumption will create a de hands. It is not fit that he should "float mand for additional labour. No one will upon his watery bier imwept,” who has pretend to say that, without the aid of in- “built the lofty rhyme" so often and so genious machinery, our cotton and woollen well, and from whom, in the maturity of manufactories would have employed more his extraordinary powers, so much more than a small proportion of their present might have been expected. Nor will the brands. The low prices and extensive effusion under our notice, though extrememarkets created by machinery have been ly pleasing and creditable to the sentifound, by experience, to call more labour ments and talents of its author, supersede into action than can be required by the the exertion of the high and acknowledged limited demand for the slower and more genius of some of Mr. Shelley's personal expensive Operations of the hand. To friends, on whom the task of raising an conclude with an example: the invention honourable and lasting monument to his of the press threw a number of scribes out fame seems naturally to devolve. of employ, bot we think it must be allowed that this machine has found occnpation

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VARIETIES, LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL,

Including Notices of Works in Hand, Domestic and Foreign. W E learn with much satisfaction, and prose translations. It will be

that M. DAVID, the prince of accompanied with copious notes, and modern painters, is preparing to exhibit a vocabulary to each ghazel; a biograone of his chef d'oeuvres in London. It phical account of Hafiz will be preis a large picture, which contains se- fixed, together with a short account veral hundred portraits of the most of the nature of Persian versification, meritorious men of the Revolution, and an epitome of Persian grammar and of the court of Napoleon. As the Dr. RUDGB will shortly publish, in first picture of this great master which two volumes octavo, Lectures on Gehas been seen in England, it will re- nesis, or plain Historical Sermons on commend itself to the general atten- the Leading Characters and most imtion of amateurs of the arts, while in portant Events recorded in the Book other respects it will be interesting to of Genesis. public feeling. M. David was one A tragedy, entitled Werner, or the of those patriots who, as a member of Inheritance, by Lord BYRON, is anthe Convention, complied with the nounced. voice of all France, and with the cir- Speedily will be published, in two cumstances of the times, in voting for volumes, octavo, Columbia, a geograthe death of Louis the Sixteenth; and phical, statistical, agricultural, comwho for this act of public duty, con-. mercial, historical, and political acscientiously performed, has been exiled count of that interesting country; from France, in defiance of the gene- intended as a manual for the merchant ral amnesty, voluntarily published in and the settler. The work will be 1813 by Louis the 18th at Hartwell. embellished with a map, and with He and his family reside at Brussels, portraits of the President Bolivar and where he pursues his studies with una- Don F. A. Zea. bated ardour ; but his best works re- A new edition of Bythneri Lyra main at Paris, where many of them Prophetica is printing at the Glasgow are excluded from public view by the University press, and will be publishbad and illiberal spirit which is now ed early in November, in one vol. 8vo. dominant among the factions in au- The Seventh Part of the Encyclothority in France.

pædia Metropolitana will appear in Mr. Roscoe, of Liverpool, has in October. the press, the Poetical and Miscella MULLER's recent Travels in Greece neous Works of Alexander Pope, in- constitute the next ensuing number cluding the notes of Warburton, War- of the “ Journal of Modern Travels." ton, and various commentators, with a Mr. Roscoe has in the press, Obnew life of the author, and annotations. servations on Prison Discipline and

Rev. Mr. Orman, of Mildenhall, Solitary Confinement, including an en. Suffolk, is preparing for publication, quiry into the causes of the inefflcient a Selection of the Odes or Ghazels of state of the American penitentiaries, Persian Poet Hafiz, with poetical with a copious appendix of original

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