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ral turn of the passages does notfully should uniformly be the predominant accord with the genius of the Caledo: object in the composition of pieces of nian music. The seventh and fourth of this short and familiar description, the key (notes, the omission of which Scarcely even affecting to gratify the constitutes the predominant characteris- already cultivated ear, they should at tic of the Scotch melody,) are, indeed, least be calculated to improve the onin this production, of such frequent practised finger; and, with the class of occurrence, as to exclude the idea of its executionists for whom they are inhaving either originated north of the tended, be useful as well as attractive. Tweed, or been intended as an imitation Select French Romances for the Piano-Forte, of the highland or lowland melodies. by S. F. Rimbault. 18. 6d, Attempts similar to this have been This is the sixth number of the perioso frequently made, and so often with dical work, published under the title of little success, that we wonder com. French Romances, and consists of Le posers of but moderate pretensions Troubadour du Tage, with variations. should feel encouraged to repeat them. The melody itself, if not remarkably Than the old genuine Scotcb'airs, none novel, is easy and graceful, and Mr. are sweeter and more affecting; than the Rimbault has expatiated upon it with unfortunate imitation of their beauties, success. His super-added matter is nothing more ingratiating.
progressively busy, and makes those in“ Sweet is the Murmur of the Gale," a creased calls upon the activity of the
Duett for Two Voices, with an Accompa- hand, which cannot but promote its niment for the Piano-Forte. 18. 6d. executory powers.
Though there is little of the manage. ment of art, and certainly not much of the sweetness of nature, in this composi- Though it may with as much truth be tion, the general effect is agrecable. said that foul indeed must be the weaContemplating the melody, independ- ther which keeps the public from the ently of the junction of the under-part, theatres, as that it must be a very ill or considering the latter without regard wind that brings good to no-body; anil tu the first, we caunot in candour say, that the summer of this year, so far as it that we are struck with any thing like has gone, has been exactly that which the prominent beauty, any more than we managers of Vauxhall Gardens have had cao profess to be delighted with the gc- ample reason to lament, and those of veral style of the combination : and yet the inclosed places of amuscment no we are willing to allow that the whole is less cause to hail as auspicious; yet productive of a somewhat gratifying neither can we congratulate the town, effect; and that, among similar composi- nor praise the theatrical managers, on the tions, tbere are a grcater number with variety of which the favourableness of which we are less, than with wbich we the scason has hitherto been productive. are more, pleased.
If at thc Lyceum, the only conspicuous * Good Night," a Song. The Music com. or striking novelty has been the re-apposed by Augustus Blake. 18. 6d.
pearance of Mr. Matthews, and even in. "Good Night” is a song characterized him, nothing eccentrically interesting by the poctical style of its words, and except his O'Rourke in the Polly the easy and pathetic flow of its me- Packet, and his Monsieur Tonson; so at lody. Some of the idcas are both ori- the Haymarkct nothing new has been ginal and affecting; and the general produced since our last beyond tho result of the composer's efforts is what it comic piece of Twelve Precisely. It should be, and what lic evidently in certainly would be worth a summertended. Besides being impressive in manager's consideration, that, in propora themselves, the passages have a just and tion as his season is transient, the less he natural bearing upon each other, and can afford to perpetually repeat the announce an address in connecting the
same short list of pieces, with which the thoughts, which in ballad.composition is public is so well acquainted, and with, no unimportant excellence.
the repetition of which it has long beon The Champion Waltz, or Rondo for the satiated. Instead of being occupied
Piano-Forte; composed by J. Monro. 28: with the worn-out articles of the Barber
The Champion Waltz is a pleasant of Seville, Blue Devils, the Beggars little movement, and, converted, as it here is, into a rondo, forms an agreeable Young Quaker, the Marriage of l’igaro,
Opera, the Padlock, the Review, the practice for the unfinished performer. Simpson and Co. and others equally In our opinion, this latter qualification backnicd; and, on the whole, so much better exhibited by the winter theatres, sented elsewhere daring the past winter : the summer boards should present us nor will he insist on the good policy of with productions of their own, with reminding the public of the soperior ex. pieces characteristically, that is, season. cellence of other stages. We are conably, light; and which, on account of vinced, that future attention to these retheir particular and exclusive appropria. marks would not be unrewarded, betion to the time and place of their ap- cause we fcel assured, that notbing pearance, would be shielded from a dis can be more advantageons tu a sumadvantageous comparison. Excellent mer thcatre, than its performance of its as, in many particulars, are the talents own novelties, of pieces which only itself Mr. Morrice's judgment and liberality exhibits, and to which its own excluhave brought together, he will not deny, sive representation imparts an extrinsic that, on the whole, all the above-named value. pieces have been more perfectly repre.
PROCEEDINGS OF PUBLIC SOCIETIES.
' ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF FRANCE. and proved by experience to be of the View of Commerce and its Public Re- first utility.
sults in England and France. It wouid be of essential service to en[M. Dupin, to whom the world and the quire, how the English have obtained
British public are under such weighty this widely extended commerce, with the obligations for his splendid developments sovereignty of the seas, in preference to of the naval powers and resources of this any other European power; wbat it is empire, las, with the mind of an en- that enables them, with superior facility liglitened philosopher, ventured to draw and dispatch, to furnish the means of a picture of our natural prosperity in the
colonization and conquest, if necessary, bosom of the French academy; and in
in countries so remote, to send troops stituted comparisons between the state of industry in both countries so flatter
into and secure their possessions in the ing to the people of England, that we
east, and all parts of the world; and shall be justified in de voting to it an en why it is that other nations would strive. larged space. No production of the press in vain, to wrest from them the naval has indeed for a long time claimed more sceptre. interestingly the attention of the people Accurately to analyse and describe
of England than this important docu. the general principles and elements of · ment.
British political power, M, Dupin has MTHOUGH Great Britain bc elevated considered the different kinds of force,
I to the highest pitch of naval power, a military and naval, the aggregate of wider field having been opened for its dis- means offensive and defensive; and how play than ever was enjoyed by any other far these, in the different functions of nation, people that live remote from the office, trust, and manual operation, of sea have nothing to apprehend from her persons or bodies, are most conducive to fleets; and, notwithstanding her indubie our national welfare. Nature has sepatable exertions in arms, and the apparent rated tbc British islands from the rest of grandeur of ber military achievements, mankind by the sea, as a rampart; and There is notliing in the greatness or rantical art bas particularly applied, to manner of these exploits sufficient to this singular constitution, obstacles so produce any quantum of false alarms in great as to preserve its stability, to re. other states. But, with respect to her press and defeat the machinations and commerce, almost every resource which endeavours of other states and governthe highest ambition could covet bas ments that would overturn it. , been placed within her reach, and the England possesses in all tbe contiavidity of the mercantile passion has nents a sort of advanced posts that beonly been increased by approaching and come a focus of commercial enterprise, attaining the pinnacle of power. It is and are useful, in great military ander. not in the nature of this ambition sud- takings, for the purpose of confirming denly to become quiescent, or, indced, her own confidence, and of inspiring cver to rest satisfied with present pos- terror incidentally into her enemies. session, bowerer vast it may be. I In Europe, the British empire borders action, it has certainly led to discoveries, on Denmark, Germany, Holland, and evquiries, and truths, tbe most valuable, France; and, by her outposts, it has con:
nexion with Spain, Sicily, Italy, and shed, or the desolation which they cause. Western Turkey. In Gibraltar, Malta, The conquests of the English merchants and the lovian Islands, the English have commenced where those of Alexander the keys of the Mediterranean and terminated, and where the god, Termi. Adriatic.
nus, of the Romans, could never arrive. In Amcrica, they have all the North- We have, at this day, the spectacle of a ern Regions to the Pole, and to the con- commercial company, embodied in a fines of the Russian possessions,and those narrow street of the city of London, cm. of the United States. Under the Torrid ployed, after reducing them to subjecZone, they cross the Gulf of Mexico, tion, in making and establishing constiand establish their sovereignty in the tutions, partly democratical, among the midst of an Archipelago between the two conquered, in forming administrations Lemispheres of America, and where de- and systems of government suited to the pendence on the mercantile industry of habits and genius of the people for whom the mother-country becomes an object they are designed, a people previously of indispensiblc necessity.
subject to pillage and confiscation, anih In Africa, by their forts on the Gold whose servitudo had been perpetuated Coast, and establishments at Sierra for ages. Leono, they diminish the many and great Thus, from a single centre, by the instances of horrors that too often niul- vigour of its institutions, and from the tiply in Negroland. They justly con- advanced state of its arts, civil and mic sider Negroes in captivity as in a preter- litary, an island which, in the Oceanic natural and degraded state ; and would Archipelago, would scarcely be reckoned bave them to enjoy at home, in common of the third order, exhibits tho sublime with their brethren and their neighbours and interesting object of comnianding from Europe, such blessings as their attention, from the movements of her in. country affords, and would permit them dustry, aud the weight of her power, in to enjoy kindred plentiful subsistence all the extremities of the four parts of and the natal soil. In a part more ad. the world. A further train of reflection vanced towards the Austral pole, in is supplied if we add the diversity of places where for centuries the Spaniards objects connected with civilization which and Portuguese had only a port of re- follow from British inducnce, and which freshment, and the Hollanders a planta. we find ng to view from British cotion, the English are establishing an lonization: perhaps one fifth of the globe empire, which will soon be aggrandized will, one day, receive the laws, speak by subsequent colonization, and the ad- the language, conform to the manners, dition of various contiguous dominions, and fully participate in the cominerce, This will become a new focus of com. arts, and içtelligence, of Great Britain. mercial action, and perhaps of conquest, Such an imniense dispersion of colo. with respect to the adjacent islands, nies and people would, in several circumsbould any jast mode and necessary stances, be a disadvantage to other cause of carrying on warfare be shown. nations, but are well calculated to be At present, by its peculiar local situa- valuable acquisitions to a country where tion, it becomes an object of the first so useful a spirit of commercial emumagnitude, as it connects Africa with lation is excited, where attention is ever the Indies, and while it equally serves kept alive, where efforts are ever stimuthe purposes of a naval and military sta. lated to interest all such feelings as comtion, it forms a depository of mercantile merce can wisely take advantage of, in resources. From this it appears that the most direct manner. England is sethe focus of southern Africa will soon parated from her exterior provinces by undergo a very important change. enormous distances; hence, she is not
In India and its Archipelago, Britain vulnerable with them; those provinces is in possession of some of the finest are separated, one from another, by as countries of the cast; and indeed, on the great intervals, so that, if one part of her Asiatic continent, her factors bave do- territories may have been placed in minion over sixty millions of subjects. dangerous or critical circumstances, Her arms have been usefully employed another will not be in the same situaon the Persian Gulf, and in the Ery- tion; one single adversary would find it threan (or Red) Sea, in putting a stop to difficult to attack and blockade them the unsparing ravages of marine bandits, both. a horde of robbers and buccaniers, who' As to nations that bave no settlements make no pretensions to civilization, who on the frontiers of her possessions, the show no regard for the blood which they sphere of their action would be much
more contracted than that of her all-com- reducing one detached commercial city manding influencc. On a field of battle than in humiliating Greece and conquercqnally remote from the two mother. ing Thrace. countries, Britain possesses far superior Travellers ought to be guided by a means of transporting rapidly her arms philosophical spirit, if they would give and her defenders.
to their recitals the authority of history. The ancient Romans drenched the We must enregister history among the fields and towns of Europe, Asia, and sciences of observation, if wo would reAfrica, in blood. Brandishing a torch call it to its noble origin, and render it with one hand, and a sabre with the what it was in the times of Herodotus other, nothing could sto') them in their and Xenophon, Polybius and Tacitus; career by land; bat, when they had com. the knowledge of things and places expleted their military arrangements, had panded and illustrated by the pregnant achieved their feats of wide extended sense wlich uniformly pervades the miruin and desolation, wlicn numberless nute attentiou of personal inspection.* devoted countries bad experienced the question bere ariscs, by what means, triumphs of tbeir arms and intrigaes, liow by what labours, on what primitive were their means of defence efficaciously bascs, or by what adopted innovations, adapted to the extent of their conquests? has this tieteroclite species of the social It required 800 years for the malignant fabric been successively raised, so as to genius of Rome to destroy the liberties be placed at present inder the double of mankind; at length, their armics, protection of authority and reason? scattered over an immense frontier, de- Would the like labours, would analoprived of the means of mutual commu. gous means, where there is a difference nication, unable to provide and facilitate of endowments, dispositions, talents, resources, prompt for the purposes of knowledge, inclination, and condition, transport and concentration, sunk in the throughout the different classes of their conflict, after an unavailing resistance to society, exalt other states to the same barbarians altogether ignorant in the art degrec of power? This is a question of of war. The British empire has within national policy wbich it imports all truly itself a principle of resistance in a com- enlightened persons in other countries mercial force, in the peculiar nature, to know. dispositions, and manners, local situation s will venture to assert that, as and circumstances, of the people, wbich Trenchmen, it would be for the honour must cycr be taken into consideration and interest of our country;-as friends of ju estimating the value of forms of go. humanity, sentiments of justice and gevernment comparatively.
nerosity should make us take an interest Sages of every age and country, how in the dignity, peace, independence, and ever they may think differently, study. happiness, of all nations, in whatever part tbe power of nations in their political of the globe nature may have placed the system, as a naturalist would study any domicil of their natale solum. remarkable phenomenon of the earth and Successes obtained in the government atmosphere, or a geometrician mathe- of the arts are similar to what are obmatical traths, to know their principles tained in the govçrnment of men. Acand discover their consequences. quisitions may be gained by surprise,
As far as our knowledge of bistory ex. by frand, by violence; but, to uphold and tends, its matcrials cxist in a greater de secure them, recourse must be bad to gree than usual in a nation where the opposite measures. Courage, intelligreatest corporeal and mental vigour, gerce, and activity, aro indispensably the most extensive knowledge, the most requisite, but this is not all; it is by liberal sentiments, with intrepid courage wisdom, expericnce, regular economy, and skill in war, are the most eminently extended views of improvement, and, conjoined. Our own times bave seen, above all, by probity, that a country will in Great Britain, the compatibility of all maintain its superiority in the producthese with a very great attention to com- tions of its industry and commerce. As merce. Britain has afforded a very far as my obscrvation and experience striking instance of the power of com- Advisenda loca, et mores hominum merce, as a source of defence, extending,
cognoscendos, peragrare, historici est. "A her protection also to other parts of the
me traveller, in the spirit of an historian, shonld world against aggression, supporled by pursue analogies, compare the respective unparalleled power and directed by ex. laws and economy of states, observe and traordinary ingenuity. Philip of Ma- note their manners, habits, and local cir. cedon found a much greater difficulty in cumstances.” Plutarcha
can dictato, it appears to me, that, shonld there is no small art employed. The Britain fail in any manner in giving sa-” subjoct-matter, of these exchanges are tisfaction by tho employmeni of thoso the prodnotions that industry creates. prudent and egoitable means, innume: A pacific competition is incessantly rable obstacles would be seen to impede carried on between the commerce of the sticcess of her navigation, to stint England and that of other nations. and cramp her present enlarged and im- of these, one shall rise to distinction, portant resources, in spite of her charac. by premeditatet schemes of prudence ter, policy, and yrcat power, naval and and economy, another-by the delicatesse military.
and good taste of its productions, anoSome advantage may be derived from thier by its audacity, and activity. But farther observing aid penetrating into they are separately overmatched by not the genius of a state which, while in possessing and exercising the influence others it lias remained torpid and inac- of these strong means in combination. ; tive, or bas been exerted in but few pur- It is in the labours of the interior that snits, has been here aspiring to eminence the example of England should be, priby several roads. Britain's sous are marily, copied by France. In the beneither statesmon, nor solliers, nor ginning of the 17th ceutury, England had sailors, nor mechanics, exclusively. Her but few practicable roads, and no canals; exertions are divided, but are not there and, in the ports, art bad addod nothing fore the less successful. With the dise to the bounties of naturo; queen Elizaadvantage of a small population; a grcat- beth, however, had already established er proportion of her subjects are engaged an India company, and in her time the in active employments ihan those of any globc had been circumnavigated by Drako otber nation. With physical means so one of those illustrious voyagers who small, and with pursuits so various and ronted the Spanish Arinada. * This was complex, there is but little room for the education of commerce; bot what idlers. Her resources are the riches of foresight could have predicted the lioall nations, wbich she knows how to ap- nours and thic advantages since resultpreciate and turn to her own account. ing from and attributable to it? The hopes of lucre only must give a Under the ministry of Lord Chatham, tinge of meanness to the mind and man- in the course of the seven-years' war, the pers, but in England 'the incitements to first stimulus was given to a few expericommerce operate assisted 'hy nobler ments, by which commercial business motives. One main spring of action is was so advanced, as to give rise to a a portion of public spirit generated by brilliant assemblage of judicious and the excellence of public order, 'and by beautiful works, public and private, the the inviolable protection of the laws. execution and character of which every
In individuals we observe an irresist- foreigner must now look at with as much ible ardons, an insatiable excitement to interest as admiration. Under that outstrip every rival, and especially to splendid ministry commerce and interbeat down foreign competition, personal nal industry flourishıcd more during a and national. Asteady, methoklical, most momentous period of war than in and even frigid, activity; a well concert- any other preceding period of peace to éd audacity, which, in the speculator, at- which they could be traced. tenipts wliatever a provident calculation An individual of no obscure character, (I had almost said divination) of cances, the Duke of Bridgewater, enters hearcan offer for success, and to meet re- tily into the spirit of the general impulverses. To these moral causes, may be sion given to the stock of national actiadded, roles of political and domestic vity, hy forming the subject of an undereconomy, operating fxvbarabły for all taking, then thought roniantic, but since interests, and as a stimulus and encoil-. illustrated as of gićat éclebrity, and so ragement for indastry and talents of conspicuotis as to the distinguished in evtry description.
the page of history. This was by exca. With respect to matrrial causes, wc vating a canal by which the produce of may rank, in the first place, that of liis mines might be conveyed to Manready communications by means of chester. It forms a complete and at. public ways, and the requisite establish- tractive view of art triumphing over na. ments and depois to facilitate the trans- ture. port of articles, as well in the interior 1 Soon after was projerted a highly resas in the vicinity of the coasts. To this protable performance in every point of very busiuess of transportation, and in view, 4 work eminently calculated to that of the exchangrs effected by it; promote the purposes of navigation, by • MONTHLY MAG. No. 3x6.