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not heard : ho therefore undressed, was killed by the Indiana, subjects of and threw himself into the sca, with Maconina, at an anchoring-place unhis watch in bis mouth.

der Woody Point. The second catasMeantime the ship fired upon the trophe, at Clayoquot, was also caused Indians, and sent out the long-boat, by imprudence, Wicananich bad which steered first towards the camp, gained the confidence of the captaio: but, perceiving M. Roquefeuil, turned the latter being rery eager to take aside, and reached bim not far from advantage of a brecze to leave the port, shore. It was soon received by a very where he had been detained by conbrisk fire from the Indians, which it trary winds, the chief offered to send returned. “I made an unsuccessful some of his people on-board to assist attempt to get into the boat, in which him; {the captain having been so ioI perceived several persons that wero cautious as to receive these perfidious wounded; unwilling to detain the auxiliaries, they suddenly fell opon the boat under the fire of the Indians, who crew, and killed or wounded the capwere very numerous, and seeing no tain and most who were on deck. PorKodiak to assist on that side, I order- tunately, the chief mate and some of ed it to stand off, without losing time the crew bad time to take refage ia to take me up. I kept close to it as it their quarters, where their sick comretired, firing towards the camp, and rades were, and escaped the first fury got in when it could stop without of the attack, as well as those sbo danger. Of the seven men on-board, were employed in loosening the sails; four were wounded, two of them only these latter made such good use of the slightly. The result of this unfortu- balls that were kept in the round top, nate affair was, that of the forty-seven that they enabled their comrades to Kodiaks who were in the camp at the sally from their retreat, and act offenmoment of the attack, twenty were sively. These brave mén, after extrakilled, twenty-five escaped by swim- ordinary efforts, repulsed their perfiming, or were saved by our boats, and dious enemies; and, having procured two were missing, supposed to be arms, entirely drove them from the drowned. of the twenty-five who vessel. The ship having run aground escaped the massacre, twelve were during the uneqaal contest, the rewounded, most of them very severely. mainder of the brave crew abandoned The Indians, it seems, had approached it in the night, and arrived safely in under the cover of a wood, and sud- the long-boat at Columbia. denly fell upon the Kodiaks, who Some visits, which M. Roquefcail were lulled in the most perfect secu- made to the islands of the Great rity: they were all killed by musket. Ocean, have procured some new infarshot, and most of them had several mation, of which the following remark wounds."

on the Marquesas Islands is an inIt is indispensable to employ the stance. The isle of Oevahoa, the greatest prudence in the communica- most fertile of this Archipelago, where tions with the natives of the north- M. Roquefeuil procured 4000 lbs. of west coast. Vancouver, and all the sandal-wood, possesses a kind of navigators who first visited them, ex. bards, who go to the neighbouring perienced their hostile and perfidious islands to sing their poems to very dispositions, which have been only monotonous airs, which have much encreased by the means of destruction resemblance to church-music. "They which the possession of fire-arms has accompany their voice either by clap put into their power. Though tlieir ping their hands, and striking ou dit confidence is augmented in the same ferent parts of their body, or with proportion, they never attack but by large drums, which appear to be their surprise. Ten or twelve American only instruments, These concerts vessels hare been attacked by them procure them nomerous presents. For in this manner at different times; most these fêtes there is in every valley a of them suffered considerable Joss, and reetangular space, from a hundred to two were seized and carried off about a hundred and thirty yards long, and twelve years ago.

from twenty-five to thirty broad, surCapt. Told, of the American ship rounded by a parapet, breast high, tea Tonquin, after having re-victualled feet thick; often bordered witb a rov the establishment on the Columbia, of trees, and surrounded by avenues, where ho bad lost a boat and several which afford pleasant walks. men by bis obstinacy and rashness, The necessity of taking in wood 1


water, and provisions, induced our would become in a few years a flouauthor to visit Hanarura, in the island rishing republic. of Woahoo, one of the Sandwich M. Roquefenil gives us some idea Islands, and an excellent port, which respecting the immense trade which nature has formed in the coral reef the Americans carry on with Canton. on the soathern side of that island. Thirty of their ships, the burthen of The inhabitants of the Sandwich which amonnted all together to 2200 Islands, notwithstanding their frequent tons, arrived there from the 1st of intercourse with civilized nations, bave July, 1815, to the 30th of June, 1816. changed little in their abodes and In The following year there were mode of living; but they have adopted thirty-eight ships, the total tonnage of the tools of our carpenters, and use which was 13,096 tons; the next year them dexterously. They are familiar thirty-nine, carrying 14,325 tons; and with our fire-arms; and like some of lastly, forty-seven vessels in the first our manufactures, particularly light. ten inonths of the season of 1818 and blue cloih.

1819. This commerce occasions a Their cattle have increased: they great exportation of money, to the have considerable herds of oxen, prejudice of the Uuited States. The sheep, and goats; and also horses, total amount of the importation into which came originally from California. China by American ships was, in the The natives cultivate hardly any thing three first years above mentioned, but cucurbitacevus plants; but M. 15,213,000 piastres, of which 12,068,000 Roquefeuil found at Woahoo an old was in ready money. Prussian soldier, who practised gar. The English, on the contrary, have deping with success, and furnished found means to make the Chinese ships with excellent vegetables. Ano- accept in payment the woollen goods ther European obtained pretty good and metals of England, also cottons, wine froin vines which he brought opium, and other articles of British from California.

India. In the season 1817-18 thero The Americans have obtained se. arrived in China sixteen of the Comveral cargoes of sandal-wood from pany's ships sent from England, and Woahoo ; and Tameamea himself thirty-nine private vessels fitted out sent some to China, on-board one of in India. The English goods imported his ships, the flag of which had seven amounted to the value of 3,670,000 horizontal white and red stripes. This piastres, and those of India to wood is still common in the four prin- 12,456,000 piastres. eipal islands; but it has ceased to be The numerous nautical and hydromuch in request in Canton, and the graphical observations in the narrativo Russians, who had formed an esta- of ibis voyage do the greatest honour blishment on this latter island to pro- to the talents of M. Roquefeuil. cure it, bave given it up, because the expenses exceeded the profit. So To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. much the better: we could have wish- SIR, ed that all tivese pretty islands in the TL

HE passage mentioned by Mr.

Lacey occurs in the second part the unfortunate, who seeks a peaceful of Shakspeare's “Henry the Fourth." asylum; for the missionary, who feels but no particular set of chimes appears bimself called to preach the Divine to be alluded to. Falstaff, when reWord; for some founder of a virtuous minded by Shallow of their juvenilo society, who, in subduing the savage frolics, simply says, “We have heard tribes before they were acquainted the chimes at midnight.” Shallow, it with fire-arms, would have civilized is true, in a previous scene remarks, them by the power of his benefits, the that he-“was once of Clement's Inn ;" example of bis companions, and the yet the chimes heard by him and fat regular education of their children. Jack might be those of any other paProvidence las ordained otherwise: rish, since thcir rambles appear to sailors, merchants, exiles, have spread have been very excursive: he says to new vices, and new means of destruc- Falstaff, presently after, “ Do you retion. However there are still many member since we lay all night in the positions where, with some slender Windmill in St. George's-fields?” So means of cultivation and defence, a much for this momentous point. colony, well composed, subject to I wish your correspondent bad been wise laws, and skilfully governed, somewhat more minute in his account


of the parish ; for ho has left unnoticed very efficacious :—The head should be several interesting spots: amongst frequently shaved, and kept covered others, the forum of Orator Henley, in with an oiled-silk cap, or instead of Portsmouth-street, and the Black which a thin bladder has sometimes Jack, close by,

,-once the resort of all been used. An ointment should be the wits and good fellows'about town formed, by mixing together spermaconnected with the press. The ad- ceti cerate and finely pulverized joining inn, too, he has treated with supertartrate of potass, in such pro utter neglect, though there are several portions as to make it of a very firm curious anecdotes connected with it. consistence; of which a piece the size Like Shallow, I was of Clements of a nutmeg, or larger, according to once myself, and therefore feel a pe- the extent of the surface affected, culiar attachment to the neighbour- should be well rubbed on the part with hood. The DRUID IN LONDON.* the palm of the hand, every night, for September 3.

three or four minutes; the bead

should be well washed with soap and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. water every third night, previously to SIR,

the application of the ointment. O"

F those diseases wbich do not Internal medicines are seldom re

endanger life, nor destroy any quisite in this advanced stage, except part of the animal organization, few where the character of the affection is are of more importance than that irregular, or there is a peculiarity in which is well known by the popular the constitution of the patient; in appellation of ring-worm of the scalp, wbich cases some modification of treatthe Porrigo scutulata of medical ment will necessarily be required: writers. This disease, which is pecu- these variations will readily be made liar to children, has long been a by any respectable practitioner. source of terror in schools; having

The above plan, if diligently purmaterially injured many respectable sued for from three to six weeks, will seminaries. In families it has been a rarely disappoint the expectations of tedious and very expensive visitor; those who try it, even in the most inremaining, in many instances, for veterate cases. JosEPA HOULTON. years, resisting protracted and painful Grove-place, Alpha roadl; modes of treatment, and excluding Aug. 15, 1823. the little sufferers from desirable places of instruction.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, Dr. Bateman declares it to be a very

SIR, unmanageable disease, and many mem- I bers of the medical profession coin.

J. M. of Market Harborough, and cide with the doctor in that opinion. beg leave to inform him, through you, Viewed in this light, it is most cer

that I have seen Mr. Nicbol repeattainly an affection of importance, and edly perform the freezing experiment, an efficacious remedy is worthy the -- which, indeed, be has done with my attention of the public. Fisteen years own apparatus,-and it was seldom of successful practice in this disease, more than fifteen minutes in complethe writer considers to be a sufficient tion : he never failed in my presence, authority for the assertions he may but he was always a most neat and make respecting its cure,

successful experimenter. My glass A malady so well known does not dish, to contain the sulphuric acid, is require a tedious definition in this nine inches diameter, and an inch and place; it may, however, be proper to

a half deep. The vessel to contain state, that in its progress two states or the water was given to me by Air. stages are distinguishable: the first Nichol, and is a flat saucer, three may be called the irritable, the second inches in diameter and ope deep, of the indolent, stage; to this latter the porous earthenware, having no glaze plan about to be proposed is particu- about it, which be considered very imlarly applicable. In those cases which portant. The stand for the sancer is have resisted the ordinary means, three inches high, of course supported which are of long standing and obsti- by glass legs, and placed about the nate, the following treatment has been centre of the acid: simple water and

the acid alone were used; the stronger We sliall be glad to hear farther from the acid, of course the better, this correspondent.--Evit,

I can have no doubt of your corres


pondent's success, if he procures a beasts."* They told to one another proper saucer for the water, which strange histories of the woods, where will be proved by the fluid pervading no Englishman could enter without its substance. When the trial has risque of life; they said that the evil been made, I shall be glad to see a spirit appeared there in a variety of statement of the result in your excel forms to the Normans, threatening lent Miscellany.

W.C. F. vengeance to the king, to bis minisAug. 16, 1823.

ters, and to their nation ;t and this P.S.The tea-cup form would not pre: ful strength from the circumstances

popular superstition obtained wondersent a sufficient surface for speedy success. The sancer was about three parts filled which made the chace fatal to the fawith water.

mily of the Conqueror in the forests

of England, and especially in their For the Monthly Magazine.

favourite New Forest.I ELUCIDATIONS of PORTIONS of ENGLISH In the year 1081, Richard, the son

HISTORY improperly Represented in of the Bastard, was mortally wounded our GENERAL HISTORIES.

there; in the month of May, of the History of the Invasion of England by year 1100, Richard, son of the Duke

the Normans in the Eleventh Century; Robert, and nephew of William the and the Consequences of that Invasion Red was killed there. by an arrow down to the Thirteenth.

carelessly drawn; and, strange event! (Continued from p. 500 of our last Volume.)

it was by a similar accident that the F VIFTY Saxons, who through these Red King himself perished there in

days of misfortune had probably July of the same year. In the mornpreserved some fragments of their ing of the last day of bis existence he former possessions,-the mass having

celebrated a great feast in the royal become the prey of the foreigner, *

castle of Winchester, and immediately were accused of baving taken, killed, girded himself for the chace. He was and eaten, some stags. They denied in great good humour, laughing with the charge: they were brought up for

his guests, when a workman presented trial, and ordered to undergo the him with six new arrows : be took ordeal of burning fire, -an ordeal them, -kept four for bimself, and gave which the ancient Anglo-Saxon laws the other two to Gualtier Tirel, say. never allowed to be applied except them well.'ll Tirel was a Frenchman,

ing, “Good arms for him who uses with the consent and on the require- who had l'arge possessions in the ment of the accused. To this torture country of Poix and of Ponthieu : he they were condemned without mercy. “ It was a horrible sight;" says a con

was the favourite of the king, abd his temporary historian. Whether by

ever-present companion. Just as they chance or by previous management, from the convent of St. Peter, at

were starting, there arrived a monk they escaped from the fatal effects of Gloster, who delivered letters from bis the ordeal; and when it was reported abbot. This abbot, whose name was to the Norman king, that, after three Serlon, sent to say that a monk of bis days, their hands remained unburnt. “What is that to me! (exclaimed the monastery had had a vision of evil impious one,) what should God know seated on a throne, and a woman at his

augury, and bad seen Jesus Christ about such matters? They belong to fect, crying, q“ Saviour of the human me, and I will judge them :”ę but the race! look down in mercy on thy peoresult is not recorded. The Saxons continued to be pur- William.” On hearing this, the king

ple, mourning under the yoke of sued by the red king|| even cruelly than by bis father, for their take me for an Englishman, then, with

burst into violent langhter:“Do they transgressions against the laws of the their dreams? Do these people believe chace. Their only vengeance was to denominate him “ guardian of the fo- that I am one of those who leave their rests," and the “keeper of wild


* Jo. Brompton, 996. • Eadmer 47.

+ Sim. Dunelmensis, 215. + Ib.

Nove Forest. (Nor. Cl.) Erat ergo miseriam videre. (Ib.)


Ord. Vit. 782. $ Ib. 48. # Li rois roux. (Nor. Chron.)


ll II,

way, or their business, becauso an old ber the faith we have engaged to Duke woman slumbers or snores. Come, Robert, thy brother. He bas received Gaultier de Poix, to horse." Henry, our oath of homage.* Absent as well the king's brother, Guillanme de as present he has his rights.” A vioBreteuil, and many other chiefs, ac- lent quarrel took place: Henry put his companied him to the forest. The hand upon his sword, and, assisted by hunters dispersed themselves, but the crowd that had gathered together, Gualtier Tirel remained with the king, soon possessed himself of the treasures and their dogs ran together. Each and the insignia of royalty. was at his post, opposite the other; It was true, in fact, that, according their arrows upon their cross bows, to the treaty of peace lately concluded and their fingers on the lock.* At the between William and Robert, and moment when the sun went down, a sworn to by all the Normans, the large stag, roused by the rangers, ad- crown of England derolved to the vanced between the king and his duke: but he was at the Crusade, and friend. William drew, but the string his partizans, having no leader, could of his cross-bow broke, and the stag, not support his pretensions successsurprised at the noise, stood still, and fully against those of Henry, who, with looked around him.f The king made the money he had seized, burried toa sign to his companion to draw ; but wards London, where the Norman whether he saw not the stag, or mis- chiefs assembled, and, three days after understood the signal, he did nothing; the death of his brother, theyt elected on which the king cried out impa- him king; and he was solemnly crowetiently, "Pull, Walter, pull,-in the ed. He was supported by the ecclename of the devil;"'I and, at the word, siastics ; for he was their friend, and an arrow, whether that of Tirel or the protector of the literature of the some other person, entered the king's time; in consequence of which he was breast. He fell,- he uttered not a honoured with the title of Clere or word,--and expired. Gualtier ran Beauclerc. The Saxons even prefertowards him, and, finding him breath- red him to his brother, because he was less, be mounted his horse, galloped born in England. He promised at to the sea-shore, passed into Nor- his coronation to observe the good mandy, and from thence to France. laws of Edward, as they had been

On the report of the death of Wil- amended by his father ; but be de liam, all the party fled to their own clared that he would maintain, as his business. Henry, the late king's bro- father did, the exclusive guardiansiip ther, hurried to Winchester, in order of the forests. to seize the royal treasure:The While these events were passing, corpse was left abandoned, as had Robert was in Apulia with the Nor. been that of the Conqueror : the char- man chiefs, who reigned over that coal-burners who passed by saw it yet country under the same title as the transfixed with the arrow; they placed Normans reigned in England. He it on their cart, and covered it with had espoused there the daughter of ragged linen, through wbich the blood one Godefroy, who by the lance and dropped all along the road.|| Such was the sword had become Count of the procession of the king's remains Brindes. As soon as he learned the towards the castle of Winchester,-of death of one brother, and the coronawhich Henry had already taken pos- tion of the other, he hastily made sai session, and where he was furiously for Normandy; but his voyage was a demanding the keys of the royal trea- tedious one, and Henry had time to

While the keepers were hesi- consolidate his strength for the pretating, Guillaume de Breteuil arrived servation of the crown be bad seized, breathless from the forest to oppose in violation of his own oaths, and of the pretensions of Henry. “Thou the oaths of the Normans in England and I (said he,) must loyally remem- and in Normandy. To entrench him.

self more strongly, he did wbat bad * H. Knighton, 273.

Defer + I. Tire, tire de par le diable.

• Ord. Vit. 782. Ord. Vit. 78%.

Chron. Sax. 268. | Matt. Par. 54. Will. Malms. 126.

Will. Neubrig. 297.
Ord. Vit. 782.

Jo. Brompton. 998.


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