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frontiers, then sorcly assailed; and to re circulating medium by the issue of bills, lieve the officers of the Pennsylvania line which, being convertible at will into from their distress, occasioned by the gold or silver, were universally received failare of the internal revenue, which as equal thereto, and commanded the had been mortgaged for payment of inost' unbounded confidence. Huninterest of certificates granted them for dreds availed themselves of the security military services. It enabled the mere afforded by the vaults of the bank to de chants to clear the bay, and even the river posit their cash, which, from the imposDelaware, of the hostile cruizers (which sibility of investing it, had long been bid destroyed the little commerce that was from the light; and the constant current left, and barassed our internal trade,) by of deposits in the course of trade, agtho. fitting out, among other armed vessels, rized the directors to increase their bu. the ship “Hyeler Ally," which, under siness, and the amount of their issues, to the coinmand of the late gallant Bar. a most unprecedented extent. The ney, in four days after she sailed, consequence of this was a speedy and brought into port the sloop of war most perceptible chango in the state of General Monk, wbich the British, with affairs, both public and private. accorate knowledge of all public move- In the same year, an additional mark of monts, had fitted out at New York, the confidence reposed in the talents and with the particular object of capturing integrity of Mr. Morris, was evinced by her.. By loans from the bank the city the legislature of Pennsylvania, by their authorities relieved the pressing wants appointment of him as their agent to of the capital, which suffered in a va. purchase the supplies demanded of the riety of ways from the exhausted state state for the public service. By the naof its funds, the necessary consequence ture of the organization of the gencral of the war. But the support of public government, the annual necessities of eredit, the defence of the state and harm the public funds, provisions and other bour, and relief of the city funds, were supplies were apportioned among the not the only results from this happy several states, and large demands were fivancial expedient of Mr. Morris. By made upon Pennsylvania in 1781. Mr. accommodations to the citizens it pro- Morris was appointed to furnish them, moled internal improvements, gave a and a particular resolve of

congress perspring to trade, and greatly increased the mitted him to undertake the trnst. The following statement of the com

The supplies were furnished in anticipaparative force of the two vessels, was pub- tion, before the money was obtained lished in a newspaper of the day.

from the state treasury: and wbile hc 1. The General Monk carried eighteen thus enabled the state promptly to comnine poanders; the Hyder Ally carried ply with the demands of congress, lic only four nines and twelve six pounders. shows, tsy his account of the transaction,

2. The General Monk carried 130 men; that the plan of his operations was more the Hyder Ally only 120 men.

economical than any other, wbich, under 3. The General Monk was completely the state of things at the time, could fitted for sea, and was officered and man

have been adopted. Those only who ned with a crew regularly trained, and perfectly disciplincu, by long experience, parties at the time in Pennsylvania, or

are old enough to recollect the state of in the British navy. "The Hyder Ally was a letter of marque a few days before the have made themselves acquainted with battle. Most of ber officers were young them, can duly appreciate the extent of men. Her captain brought up in a count the compliment paid to Mr. Morris by ing-house, who had become a sea-officer, bis appointment upon the occasion menas many of our farmers, lawyers, and doc. tioncd. Political feuds, arising in part tors, became generals front necessity and from a difference of opinion on the sub. patriotism. The crew was picked up the ject of the constitution of Pennsylvania week before in the streets of Philadelphia; of 1776, prevailed to a great extent; and many of them were landsmen, and most of the conduct of the ruling party, who them had never been in action before. 4. The General Monk lost fifty-three feeble instrument, was on many occa

were opposed to any change in that men in killed and wounded; the Hyder sions marked by want of both intelliAlly lost only eleven.

Add to these circumstances, that the vic. gence and liberality of sentiment. Mr. tory, nnder all these disparities, was ob. Morris was considered the head of wbat tained in twenty-five minates ; and it will they chose to term the aristocratic appear to be one of the most honourable party; that is, that portion of men of exploits to the flag of the United States wealth, great public consideration, supethat occurred during the war.

rior cducation, and liberal ideas, who

ardently

ardently wished a more energetic form member of the convention that formed of state government than could, exist the federal constitution in the year 1781. under a single legislature, and numerous He had, as a part of his colleagues, executive council; and, could the legis- Benjamin Franklin, George Clymer, lature have dispensed with his services, and James Wilson, with whom he as or had there been any man among the sisted in the councils that led to the party in power capable of fulfilling the memorable and decisive measures of trust, it is probable that he would not the year 1776; and now with them again have been appointed to it. That man, united in forming the bond of unjon, however, did not exist. The manner in which was to lay the foundation for the which Mr. Morris executed it, showed future and permanent prosperity of their how well he merited the confidence of country. The want of an efficient fcthe legislature, and also a skilfulness of deral government in conducting the war, management, which nono but himself had been severely felt by all those at the could have effected.*

head of affairs, either in a civil or miIn the year 1786, Mr. Morris served litary capacity, and most particularly as a representative of Philadelphia, in by Mr. Morris, while a member of Conthe state legislature. Always ready gress, and afterwards when the financial to lend the aid, cither of his talents, concerns of the Union were exclosively time, or purse, when required by the committed to him; and the necessity of cause of his country, or state, be yielded it, “one, which would draw forth and to the wishes of his fellow-citizens in direct the combined efforts of United standing as a candidate, for the express America," was strongly urged by bien, purpose of exerting his influence in in the conclusion of his masterly prefavour of the renewal of the charter of face to the “ Statement of his Finance the bank of North America, which bad Accounts," already referred to. been taken away from that institution by The confidence of his fellow-citizens the preceding assembly. The ostensible was again shown, in his election as one reasons for this unjust measure were illo of the representatives from Philadelphia, grounded fears of the evil effects of the in the first Congress that sat at Nev bank on society, and especially the York after the ratification of the federal agricultural interest,) its incompatibi. compact by the number of states relity with the safety and welfare of the quired thereby, to establish it as the statc; an improbable possibility of un- grand basis of the law of the land. clue influence from it on the legislature I t adds not a little to the merit of itself; with other arguments of equal Mr. Morris, that notwithstanding his weight and truth. But the real cause numerous engagements as a public and must be ascribed to the continuance of private character, their magnitude, and the spirit of the same party which bad often perplexing nature, he was enabled been so violently opposed to Mr. More to fulfil all the private duties which bis ris, and the society with which he asso- bigh standing in society necessarily im. ciated during the whole of the American posed npon hin. His honse was the war. The debates on the occasion, seat of clegant but unostentatious hoswhich excited great interest among all pitality, and his domestic affairs were classes of society, were accurately taken managed with the saine admirable ordown, and published in a pamphlet.t der which bad so long and so proverMr. Morris replied to all the arguments bially distioguished bis counting-house, of his opponents with a forcc of reasoning the office of the secret committee of that would have produced conviction in congress, and that of finance. An inthe mind of any man, not previously de troduction to Mr. Morris was a matter termined to destroy the bank, if possible, in course with all the strangers in good at all hazards. The question, however, society, who for half a century risited was lost by a majority of 13, (28 to 41). Philadelphia, either on commercial, The succeeding legislature restored the public, or private, business; and it is not charter.

saying too much to assert, that during • The next public service rendered by a certain period, it greatly dcpended Mr. Morris to his couutry, was as a upon him to do the houours of the city;

and certainly no one was more qualified * See the Statement of his Finance Ac. or more willing to sopport them. Ak counts, before referred to.

though active in the acquisition of For this interesting document, we are wealth as a merchant, no one more indebted to Mr. Mathew Carey, as writer freely parted with bis gains for public and publisher.

or private purposes of a meritorious

nature,

nature, whether these were to support may be truly sail, that few men acted the credit of the government, to pro- a more conspicuous or useful part; and, mote objects of lumanity, local im- when we recollect that it was by his provement, the welfare of meritorious exertions and talents that the United individuals in society, or a faithful com. .States were so often relieved from their mercial servant. Tlie instances in which difficulties at times of great depression he shoue on all these occasions were and pccuniary distress, an estimate may numerous. Some in reference to the be formed of the weight of obligations three former particulars have been men- due to him from the people of the pretioned, and many acts of disinterested sent day. Justly, therefore, may an generosity in respeot to the last could elegant historian of the American war easily be related. The prime of luis lito say, Certainly the Amcricans owed, was engaged in discharging the most and still owe, as much acknowledgment important civil trusts to his country, to the financial operations of Robert that could possibly fall to the lot of any Morris, as to the negotiations of Benmay; and millions passed through his jamin Franklin, or even the arms of hands as a public officer, without the George Washington."* smallest breath of insinuation agaiost After the close of the American war, bis correctness, or of negligence, amidst Mr. Morris was among the first in the * defaulters of unaccounted thousands," States who extensively engaged in the or the losses sustained by the reprchen: East India and China trade. He died sible carelessness of national agents. in Pbiladelphia, in the year 1806, in the

From the foregoing short accouut we 730 year of his age. bave some idea of the nature and mag. nitude of the services rendered by * Botta's Hist. Am. War, vol. iii. p. 313. Robert Morris to the United States. It

STEPHENSIANA.

NO. XXII.

JAMES 1.

“K

ETON.

The late ALEXANDER Stephens, Esq. of Park House, Chelsea, devoted an active and well-spent life in collecling Anecdotes of this contemporaries, and generally entered in a book the collections of the pussing day ;-these collections are hare purchased, und propose to present a selection from them to our readers. As Editor of the Annual Obituary, and many other biographical works, the Author may probubly have incorporated some of élese scraps ; but the greater part are unpublished, and all stand alone as cabinet-pictures of men and Ranners, worthy of a place in a literury miscellany.

plains; and 'tis the only music I am ING James 1. (says Ciareu- fond of."

don) was a prince of more learning and knowledge than any Dr. Watson, after ridiculing too other of that age, and really delighted nice an attention to prosody, terms more in books, and the company of this institution "a noble mart of learned men; yet, of all wise men metre." living, be was the most delighted and

FENELON. taken with handsome persons and fine This modest prelate was the only clothes."--Hist. of the Reb. b. 1. Archbishop of Cambray that declined FOX-HUNTERS.

'the pompous reception attendant on Though fox-hunters are absolutely the solemn entries of great ecclesiasvoid of understanding, yet we have tical diguitaries into their iastalments. found some of them, like Fielding's . On such occasions there had been Squire Western, who set up for wits. brilliant and expensive fètes at CamOne of these gentlemen answered his bray, from the twelfth century. Fenesister, who invited bim to London to lon's successor, at uis entrance, distri. hear Farinelli,—" Sister, I wou'dn't buted among the people medals, with give a farthing to bear your Farinelli, his portrait, and the legend,“ Sacerdos and your wbolo Italian opera: I bavo et Princeps." The history of particuhere twenty voices, with which I join lar towns occasionally of use to in chorus, and make them sing; one illustrate facts and dates of general while in the woods, and another in the history. MONTHLY MAG. No. 387.

21

CHURCH CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

income of every deanery, prebend, as The Bishop of Llandaff (Dr. Watson) canonry, of the churches of Westminproposes an equalization of bishoprics, ster, Windsor, Christ Church, Canter. and large church livings or vacancics, bury, &c., for the same purpose, mu: as a great benefit to the establishment, tatis mutadis, as the first fruits and in his letter to the Archbishop of Can- birtlis were appropriated by the fifth terbury. This would tend, he thinks, of Queen Anne. "Dr. W. maintains 1. By preventing translations, to reu- that the whole retenue of the church der the prelacy more independent in of England, including dignities and the House of Lords; to render their benefices of all kinds, and even the residence in their respective dioceses two universities, did not amount, more constant, and their babitations when he wrote, npon the most liberal more comfortable: while the whole calculation, to 1,500,0001. a-year. body of the clergy would be then more “The whole provision for the charch suitably provided for, in sixty or se, is as low as it can be (adds he), unless venty years, than by waiting for the the state will be contented with a bez slow operation of Queen Anne's garly and illiterate clergy, too mean Bounty, which will not operate in less and contemptible to do any good, than 2 or 300: (100,000/. per annum has either by precept or example, unless since been granted in aid of this it will condescend to have tailors and bounty.)

cobblers its pastors and teachers." He The church has been gradually is adverse to pluralities, commendams, increasing since the reign of Henry &c. and praises the dissenting clergy. VIII. Bishop Kennel quotes a peti

SOLICITING JUDGES. tion to Queen Elizabeth, sanctioned by “ Lindsey (says Clarendon,) was Archbishop Whitgift, in the forty-third so solicitous in person with all the of her reign, stating," that of eight judges, in the ship-money cause.) thousand eight hundred and odd bene- both privately at their chambers, and fices, there are not six hundred suffi- públicly in the court at Westminster, cient for learned men.”

that he was very generous to them." Dr. Warner, in the Appendix to his Hist. of Rep. book iii. p. 182, octar “Ecclesiastical History," published in edition. 1757, observes as follows:- -Of the

DR. JOHNSOX. nine thousand and some hundred On entering Mr. Burke's park at churches and chapels which we have Beaconsfield, -to which he was conin England and Wales, 6000_I speak ducted by the author,-whom he koes from the last authority--are not above in great penury, the ponderous lexicothe value of 401. a-year.”

grapber, first eyeing the owner, and Dr. Burn, in his “ Ecclesiastical ihen the house and grounds, thas Law, observes, “that the number of exclaimed from the line of the first small livings capable of augmentation eclogue of the “Bucolica" of Virgil:has been certified as follows:-- 1071 Non equidem invideo, miror magnus. small livings not exceeding 101. a-year;

CREBILLON, 1467 livings above 101. and not ex- When the Muses crowned his leng ceeding 207. a-year; 1126 livings above and great success on the stage by 201. and not exceeding 301. a-year; opening their sanctuary to him, the 1049 livings above 301. and not exceed- Parisian public, who had long desired ing 401. a-year; 884 livings above 401. to see him a member of tbe Academy, and not exceeding 501 a-year: so that charmed to hear the father of "Electra in the whole there are 5597 livings and “Rhadamistus” speak the lancertified under 501. a-year.”

guage in it that was worthy of him," Dr. Watson, late Bishop of Llan- evidenced their approbation, by the daff, proposes,-1. Nearly to equalise flattering applauses they are accusthe bishoprics, as vacancies occur, tomed to give at the playhouse. It is both in respect to revenue and patro- remembered how sensibly they were nage; 2. To preclude translations; affected to hear him say, “I nere 3. To render the prelacy more inde- dipped my pen in gall,"-a thought pendent in the House of Lords; and that does as much honour to his heart 4thly. That they might be enabled to as to his understanding. How bappy keep their residences in good order, by dwelling for life in one place.

He also wishes to appropriate, as * M. Crebillon returned his thanks in they become vacant, one-third of tiv

verge,

is the man that can with justice say pair the reputation of a person, to put this of himself? There are but few of a stop to bis good fortune, and even to the greatest mon that can. Most men ruin him. Let it, then, be judged unof talents, giving way to a mean der what continual constraint' an lio. jealousy, bave dishonoured themselves nest and honourable man must be by the use they have made of them. placed, who enjoys the familiarity of DR. PALEY,

kings; unless he constantly restricts When Dr. Watson, bishop of Llandaff, limself to thọ inglorious part of apwas moderator at Cambridge, brought plauding, excusing, or of being silent. bim the following question for his act: With kings. there is no subject of -" Æternitas panarum contradicit Di- conversation. We certainly are not vinis attributis." Hey, however, was to speak of politics to them, nor of the frightened out of this thesis by Dr. news of the day; neither can adminisThomas, dean of Ely, master of his tration be made the topic. Many college.

cvents which happen in society cannot

be related to them; and not a word THE METEORS,THE COMET, AND THE SUN. Lines on the Dowager Duchess of Rutland, must be said to them on religion, of

(then Marchioness of Granby,) said to be which they are the guardians. by the Right Hon. Charles James Fox. Former wars, ancient history, facts Ve meteors, who with mad career

which are

even but little remote, Have rov'd thro' fashion's atmosphere; sciences, and belles lettres, might forAnd thou, young, fair, fantastic Devon, nish conversation; but where are the Wild as the comet in mid-heaven, -courtiers who are conversant with Hide your diminish'd heads ! nor stay these points? The kings also are not Thusnrp the shining realms of day:

numerous to whom this strain would For see, th' unsully'd morning light, be intelligible. The subjects, then, With beans more constant and more for this high converse, must be sup

bright, Her splendid course begins to run,

plied by common-place affairs, the And all creation hails the sun.

theatres, and the chace. Let us not

persuade ourselves that we can interest PICCADILLY.

kings by flattering their taste, since See Clarendon's “History of the they rarely have any. They find so Repablic,” p. 241, book iij. vol. 1, much facility in gratifying it, that it octavo edition, for a most curious ac- passes before they have even fully count of the bowling-green and gar- enjoyed it. In order to participate in dens there, in the time of Charles I. pleasures, we must combat contrarieand also of the custom of that day of ties, surmount difficulties, and feel playing at bowls, &c.

privations. The love of glory or the SOCIETY OF KINGS.

chase can alone place kings in this si. 'This society charms at first, and it taation; and we always see the one or is grateful to kings to be allowed to the other of these predilections form be familiar, while the royal favour their ruling passion; the love of glory crowds the wishes of the courtier: but bas possession of those of an elevated there is no intimacy which is attended disposition, while the chase is the with more inconveniences, nor which pursuit when the mind is of the ordiis subject to morc vicissitudes. An nary standard. unfounded disadvantageous rumour Since the regard for kings cannot may hurt a man in society, but there be otherwise than interested, suspicion his judges are more considerate, as becomes the basis of their character; being subject to similar inconve- and this feeling renders intimate conniencies, and as being in the habit of nexions impossible. Accustomed to estimating the credit due to such re. homage, they believe that all is dae ports: kings, on the contrary, so much to them, and that nothing is due from separated from the rest of the world, them. The courtier who is most incannot enter into this calculation ; and jured by them must redouble his attenthey resign themselves absolutely to tions, lest his imperious master should the public voico, to that of their mis- suspect that he resents the treatment, tresses, or their society, if they have charge him with insolence, drive him any.

from his presence, and thus cut bim off Sovereigns are men, and, as such, from the hopes which his whole life more disposed to yield to unfavour- has been employed to realize. able than to good impressions. Often The circumstance the most revolting with them a word is sufficient to im- in the society of kings, is that of bav

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