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Present.
I favor.

Present.

led the indicative mood, in the potential form.The tense is present.

Verbs are divided into regular, irregular, and defective.

Verbs are called regular, when they form their imperfect tense and perfect participle by the addition of ed; or d, when the verb ends in e; as,

Imperfect. Perfect Participle.
I favored.

Favored.
I love.
I loved.

Loved. Irregular verbs are those which do not form their imperfect tense and perfect participle by the addition of d or ed to the verb; as,

Imperfect

Perfect Participle.
I begin.
I began.

Begun.
I know.
I knew.

Known. Defective verbs are those which are used only in some of the moods and tenses, and have no participles. The principle of them are these; May,can, will, shall, must, ought, might, could, would, should, quoth.

All these are used as auxiliaries to other verbs, except ought and quoth.

Ought is made to convey both a present and past signification; its tense being determined by the infinitive mood, by which it is always followed. When followed by a present infinitive, ought is in the present tense; as He ought to go, and when followed by the infinitive perfect, ought is in the imperfect tense; as, He ought to have gone,

Quoth is seldom used; and then only in the first and third persons singular of the imperfect tense. THE CONJUGATION OF REGULAR VERBS.

Transitive. A regular transitive verb is conjugated in the following manner:

TO LOVE.
INDICATIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural 1. I love. *

1. We love.
2. Thou lovest, or you love. 2. Ye or you lovo.
3. He, she, or it, loveth or loves. 3. They love.

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I loved.

1. We loved. 2. Thou lovedst, or you loved. 2. Ye or you loved. 3. He loved.

3. They loved.

Perfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I have loved.

1. We have loved. 2. Thou hast loved, or you have 2. Ye or you have loved loved.

3. They have loved, 3. He hath or has loved.

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I had loved.

1. We had loved. 2. Thou hadst loved, or you had 2. Ye or you had loved. loved.

3. They had loved. 3. He had loved.

First Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I shall or will love.

1. We shall or will love. 2. Thou shalt or wilt love, or 2. Ye or you shall or will love

you shall or will love. 3. They shall or will love. 3. He shall or will love.

Second Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I shall have loved.

1. We shall have loved. 2. Thou wilt have loved, or you 2. Ye or you will have loved. will have loved.

3. They will have loved. 3. He will have loved.

Those tenses are called simple tenses, which are formed of the principal, without an auxiliary verb; as, I love, I loved. The compound tenses are such as cannot be formed without an auxiliary verb; as, I have loved; I had loved; I shall or will love; I may love; I may be loved; I may have been loved, &c. These compounds, however, are to be considered as only different forms of the same verb.

* In the present and imperfect tenses, we use a different form of the verb, when we mean to express energy and positiveness ; as, I do love; thou dost love; be does love:- I did love; thou didst love; he did love.

IMPERATIVE MOOD.
Singular.

Plural.' 2. Love, or love thou or you, or 2. Love, or love ye or you, or do do thou or you love.

ye love.
POTENTIAL MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1 I may or can love.

1. We may or can love. 2. Thou mayst or canst love, or 2. Ye or you may or can love.

you may or can love. 3. They may or can love. 3. He may or can love.

Imperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I might, could, would, or 1. We might, could would, or should love.

should love. 2. Thou mightst, &c. or you 2. Ye or you might, could, would,

might, could, would, or or should love.
should love.

3. They might, could, would, or 3. He might, could, would, or should love. should love.

Perfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I may or can have loved. 1. We may or can have loved. 2. Thou mayst or canst have lov- 2. Ye or you may or can hare

ed, or you may or can have loved.
loved.

3. They may or can have loved. 3. He may or can have loved.

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural 1. I might, could, would or 1. We might, could, would, or should have loved.

should have loved. 2. Thou mightst, &c. or you 2. Ye or you might, could, world,

might, could, would, or or should have loved.
should have loved.

3. They might, could, would, or 3. He might, could, would, or should have loved.

should have loved.

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.--First Form.
Singular.

Plural 1. If I love.

1. If we love. 2. If thou lovest, or if you love. 2. If ye or you love. 8. If he loves.

3. If they love. Present Tense.-Second Form. Singular.

Plural. 1. If I love.

1. If we love. 2. If thou love, or if you love. 2. If ye or you love. 3. If he love.

3. If they love. The remaining tenses of the subjunctive mood, are in every respect similar to the correspondent tenses of the indicative mood, with the exception before made. See page 58.

INFINITIVE MOOD. Present. To love.

Perfect. To have loved.

Participles.
Present. Loving.

Perfect. Loved.
Compound Perfect.

Having loved.
The transitive verb may be conjugated different-
ly by adding its present participle to the auxiliary
verb to be, through all its moods and tenses; as, in-
stead of I teach, thou teachest, he teaches, &c.
we may say, I am teaching, thou art teaching, he
is teaching, &c.; and instead of I taught, I was
teaching, &c.; and so through all the variations of
the auxiliary. This mode of conjugation has, on
particular occasions, a peculiar propriety; and
contributes to the harmony and precision of the
language.

Passive. A passive verb is conjugated by adding the perfect participle to the auxiliary to be, through all its changes of number, person, mood and tense, in the following manner:

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TO BE LOVED.
INDICATIVE MOOD.

Present Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I am loved.

1. We are loved. 2. Thou art loved, or you are 2. Ye or you are loved. loved.

3. They are loved. 3. He is loved.

Imperfect Tense.
Singular,

Plural. 1. I was loved.

1. We were loved. 2. Thou wast loved, or you were 2. Ye or you were loved. loved.

3. They were loved. 3. He was loved.

Perfect Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I have been loved.

1. We have been loved. 2. Thou hast been loved, or you 2. Ye or you have been loved. have been loved.

3. They have been loved. 3. He hath or has been loved.

Pluperfect Tense.
Singular,

Plural 1. I had been loved.

1. We had been loved. 2. Thou hadst been loved, or you 2. Ye or you had been loved. had been loved.

3. They had been loved. 3. He had been loved.

First Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I shall or will be loved. 1. We shall or will be loved. 2 Thou shalt or wilt be loved,2. Ye or you shall or will be

or you shall or will be loved. loved. 2. He shall or will be loved. 3. They shall or will be loved.

Second Future Tense.
Singular.

Plural. 1. I shall have been loved. 1. We shall have been loved. 2. 'Thou wilt have been loved, or 2. Ye or you will have been lova,

you will have been loved. ed. 3. He will have been loved. 3. They will have been loved.

IMPERATIVE MOOD.
Singular.

Plural. 2. Bo thou or you loved, or do 2. Be ye or you loved, or do yo thou or you be loved.

or you be loved.

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