## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 18, Part 4American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1999 - Arctic regions |

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Page 75

fully

finite element predictions can be compared . subjected . The first character

describes the net wall force in the specimen , with ' C ' indicating a net

compressive ...

fully

**plastic**capacity is a benchmark condition against which the test values andfinite element predictions can be compared . subjected . The first character

describes the net wall force in the specimen , with ' C ' indicating a net

compressive ...

Page 80

These would include local buckling of the specimen , geometric non - linearities ,

elastic -

imperfections , and the influence of perturbations due to the girth weld . 1600 . 0

1400 .

These would include local buckling of the specimen , geometric non - linearities ,

elastic -

**plastic**hardening material behaviour , ovalization effects , initialimperfections , and the influence of perturbations due to the girth weld . 1600 . 0

1400 .

Page 316

where r is the average pipe wall radius and y the angle from the bending plan to

the

longitudinal pipe wall stresses change from tensile to compressive , see Figure ...

where r is the average pipe wall radius and y the angle from the bending plan to

the

**plastic**neutral axis . The**plastic**neutral axis is defined as the axis at which thelongitudinal pipe wall stresses change from tensile to compressive , see Figure ...

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### Contents

PIPELINE RELIABILITY AND LIMIT STATES DESIGN | 1 |

DESIGN OF PIPELINES AND RISERS | 5 |

OMAE99PIPE5019 | 21 |

Copyright | |

22 other sections not shown

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### Common terms and phrases

acceptable allowable analysis applied approach ASME assessment associated assumed axial bending branch buckling calculated capacity Conference considered construction Copyright corrosion cost crack defect defined deformation dent depth described determine developed diameter direction displacement effect element Engineering equation factor failure field Figure finite element force fracture function fuzzy given heat increase initial input inspection installation internal internal pressure length limit load material maximum measured Mechanics method modes neural networks obtained occur Offshore operating parameters performed pipe pipeline plastic possible predicted presented pressure probability problem range reduce reliability represent respectively risk safety sand shown shows soil specified specimens standard steel strain strength stress structural surface Table Technology temperature valve wall thickness weld yield