Science of materials
Examines the evolution of this new scientific discipline. Deals with selected solid (engineering) materials while also describing asbestos, asphalt, natural gas, cellulose, wood, reeds, lignin, paper, liquid crystals, spinels, coal tar, and coal gas and petroleum. Considers such recent materials as glassy metals, sialons, and composite materials. Examines all important classes of properties of materials; fundamentals or molecular-level considerations; testing; and devices such as lasers, masers, computer memory chips, and several types of nuclear reactors. Plus, material that normally occur as liquids or gases are treated with the same attention as solids, and properties of materials are determined by their structures and interactions, stressing their common features.
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P H Abelson Motto of Chapter
Elizabeth McCall Aldrich and the American Society for Metals Ap
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alloys already amorphous applies atoms azeotrope behavior boltzons Bravais lattices calculate called carbon ceramics chain chapter Chem chemical coal components composition compounds consider containing critical point crystalline curve defects defined denote density diagram dipole discussed in Section dislocation distance electrical conductivity electrons energy enthalpy entropy equations equilibrium example experimental fermions Figure forces formula gas-gas gases Gibbs function given glass graph hydrogen bonds ibid important instance interaction potential intermolecular intermolecular forces involved ions isobaric kinds lattice liquid crystals liquid phase liquid-vapor magnetic materials melting metal method molecular molecules number of particles obtained oxide pair parameters partition function Phys polymer possible pressure problem produce properties quantities quantum radial distribution function reaction represents semiconductors shown in Fig solid phase solution statistical mechanics steel stress structure studied Swietoslawski temperature theory thermal thermodynamic thermodynamic entropy tion usually values vapor virial coefficients volume