Second Dialect Acquisition
What is involved in acquiring a new dialect - for example, when Canadian English speakers move to Australia or African American English-speaking children go to school? How is such learning different from second language acquisition (SLA), and why is it in some ways more difficult? These are some of the questions Jeff Siegel examines in this book, which focuses specifically on second dialect acquisition (SDA). Siegel surveys a wide range of studies that throw light on SDA. These concern dialects of English as well as those of other languages, including Dutch, German, Greek, Norwegian, Portuguese and Spanish. He also describes the individual and linguistic factors that affect SDA, such as age, social identity and language complexity. The book discusses problems faced by students who have to acquire the standard dialect without any special teaching, and presents some educational approaches that have been successful in promoting SDA in the classroom.
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2 Attainment in naturalistic SDA
3 Acquiring a second dialect
Age effects and linguistic factors
5 Additional individual and linguistic factors
6 The difficulty of SDA
7 SDA in classroom contexts
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Aboriginal accommodation acquired adults African American English attitudes Australian English average awareness approach Bergen bidialectal bilingual British English Canadian English cent classroom contexts contrast creole languages D1 and D2 D2 features D2 variants dialect acquisition dialect speakers diphthong Eskilstuna examined example Foreman formal education forms grade Hawai‘i Hawai‘i Creole identity ideology interaction interviews involved Jamaican Jamaican Creole Jamaican English Kerswill Kristiansand learning Limburg Limburg dialect linguistic factors literacy Maldegem morphological native speakers native-like naturalistic North American English occurs Payne percentages phonetic phonological phonological variables Pidgin pronounced R-lessness referred regard regional dialects rules salience scores second dialect second language Section Setesdal similar social network sociolinguistic sound speaking speech spoken standard dialect standard Dutch standard English Stril studies of SDA subjects target teachers teaching Trudgill unstandardised dialects varieties verb versus vowel words