Biogeography, Second Edition combines ecological and historical perspectives to show how contemporary environments, earth history, and evolutionary processes have shaped the distributions of species and the patterns of biodiversity. It illustrates general patterns and processes using examples from different groups of plants and animals from diverse habitats and geographic regions. Written primarily for use in undergraduate and graduate courses in plant and/or animal geography, the book serves as a general synthesis and reference as well.
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adapted adaptive radiation Africa angiosperms animals aquatic areas Asia Australasia Australia barriers biogeographic biotas biotic Carlquist Cenozoic changes Chapter cies cladistic cladogram climate colonization communities competition continental continental drift continents Cretaceous desert disjunctions distributions drift eastern ecological endemic environment Eocene Eurasia evolution evolutionary example extinction families fauna Figure fishes forms fossil record freshwater genera geographic ranges geologic Gondwanaland groups Guinea habitats insects insular isolated lakes land bridge landmasses latitudes limited living long-distance dispersal MacArthur Madagascar mainland major mammals marine Mesozoic migration million years BP mountain Neotropics niches North Northern Hemisphere number of species occur oceanic islands organisms origin Pacific patterns phylogenetic plants plate Pleistocene Poaceae polyploidy populations predators present radiation rain forest reconstructions regions relationships relatively Simberloff similar soil South America southern speciation species richness taxa taxon taxonomic temperate temperature terrestrial tion tropical vegetation vicariance World zone