Railways and the Formation of the Italian State in the Nineteenth Century

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Cambridge University Press, Oct 30, 1997 - History - 180 pages
This book relates the history of Italian railways with special regard to their relation with the Italian state from the 1840s, when the first lines were constructed, until nationalization in 1905. It shows that while the Italian state interfered continuously in railway matters, it was nevertheless incapable of creating viable conditions for railway companies. Throughout the nineteenth century 'the railway question' continued to have a pernicious and divisive influence on Italian political life; and because of the low quality of railway regulation, and other factors, the railways' contribution to the creation of a national market and the economic unification of the country was limited. The book also examines Italian regional social and economic statistics before and after political unification in order to obtain a deeper insight into the continuing disparity between northern and southern Italy. Finally, the book places the development of the Italian railways in a European context, and compares their construction with those in Germany.
 

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Contents

Milan central railway station in the 1880s v
4
Railways and the Italian state in the nineteenth century
12
Taxes and subsidies as a percentage of net revenue for
49
Railway building in Italy
67
Population estimates for various European countries page
69
Length of railway track in Lombardy Piedmont and
70
Traffic units TU in various European countries
71
Railway construction in Italy in fiveyear periods km
72
Percentage of rejected Italian recruits 186276 with
91
Illiteracy rates in Europe percentage of population over
92
Illiteracy rates in Italian regions percentage of population
93
Gross domestic product per capita in Italian regions
95
Rail and road length per 1000 inhabitants in Italian
97
Percentage of doubletrack line in European countries 1910
112
Railway traffic
116
Venices land and sea trade
134

Population in Italian regions 000s
73
Population density in Italian regions inhabitants per kim
74
Railway building in Italy until 1861
76
Railway length per 1000 inhabitants in Italian regions km
77
Weighted coefficient of variation Vw for railway length
78
Large cities in 1871 and 1911
88
Percentage of active population working in agriculture
90
MAPS
148
The number of stations in Piedmont Lombardy and 75
156
Conclusions
157
Bibliography
165
Index
177
Copyright

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About the author (1997)

Albert Schram is a Researcher at the School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University.

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