The Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Western Borderlands

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 19, 2010 - History - 368 pages
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The Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Western Borderlands investigates the Soviet response to nationalist insurgencies that occurred between 1944 and 1953 in the regions the Soviet Union annexed after the Nazi-Soviet pact: Eastern Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Based on new archival data, Alexander Statiev presents the first comprehensive study of Soviet counterinsurgency that ties together the security tools and populist policies intended to attract the local populations. The book traces the origins of the Soviet pacification doctrine and then presents a comparative analysis of the rural societies in Eastern Poland and the Baltic States on the eve of the Soviet invasion. This analysis is followed by a description of the anti-communist resistance movements. Subsequently, the author shows how ideology affected the Soviet pacification doctrine and examines the major means to enforce the doctrine: agrarian reforms, deportations, amnesties, informant networks, covert operations, and local militias. The book also demonstrates how the Soviet atheist regime used the church in struggle against guerrillas and explains why this regime could not curb the random violence of its police. The final chapter discusses the Soviet experience in the global context.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Origins of Soviet Counterinsurgency
13
2 The Borderland Societies in the Interwar Period
35
3 The Borderlands under German Occupation 19411944
53
4 Nationalist Resistance after the Soviet Reconquest
97
5 Soviet Agrarian Policy as a Pacification Tool
139
6 Deportations Repatriations and Other Types of Forced Migration as Aspects of Security Policy
164
7 Amnesties
195
9 Police Tactics
230
10 The Church in Soviet Security Policy
253
11 Violations of Official Policy and Their Impact on Pacification
272
12 Conclusion
310
Note on Used Terms and Geographic and Personal Names
339
Note on Primary Sources
341
Bibliography
351
Index
361

8 Red Rurales
209

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About the author (2010)

Alexander Statiev is Assistant Professor at the University of Waterloo, Canada. He has published articles in the Journal of Military History, Kritika, War in History, the Journal of Strategic Studies, the Journal of Genocide Research, and the Journal of Slavic Military Studies. Professor Statiev's teachings focus on Russian and East European history.

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