The Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Western Borderlands
The Soviet Counterinsurgency in the Western Borderlands investigates the Soviet response to nationalist insurgencies that occurred between 1944 and 1953 in the regions the Soviet Union annexed after the Nazi-Soviet pact: Eastern Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Based on new archival data, Alexander Statiev presents the first comprehensive study of Soviet counterinsurgency that ties together the security tools and populist policies intended to attract the local populations. The book traces the origins of the Soviet pacification doctrine and then presents a comparative analysis of the rural societies in Eastern Poland and the Baltic States on the eve of the Soviet invasion. This analysis is followed by a description of the anti-communist resistance movements. Subsequently, the author shows how ideology affected the Soviet pacification doctrine and examines the major means to enforce the doctrine: agrarian reforms, deportations, amnesties, informant networks, covert operations, and local militias. The book also demonstrates how the Soviet atheist regime used the church in struggle against guerrillas and explains why this regime could not curb the random violence of its police. The final chapter discusses the Soviet experience in the global context.
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1 Origins of Soviet Counterinsurgency
2 The Borderland Societies in the Interwar Period
3 The Borderlands under German Occupation 19411944
4 Nationalist Resistance after the Soviet Reconquest
5 Soviet Agrarian Policy as a Pacification Tool
6 Deportations Repatriations and Other Types of Forced Migration as Aspects of Security Policy
8 Red Rurales
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administration agrarian reform amnesty arrested Baltic region banditizmom banditry bandits bedniaks Belorussia Bolsheviks bor’by CC Bureau civilians collaborators collectivization commander counterinsurgency crimes deportations destruction battalions district Document enemies Estonia ethnic exiled families farmers fight fighters GARF groups guerrillas History of Latvia insurgents Jews June Khrushchev killed Komunistinio režimo nusikaltimai kulaks Kyiv land Latvia Lithuanian Communist party Litopys UPA Lvov military militia Moscow Narod zburenyi Nazi NKGB NKVD Nova Seriia officers old territories Omakaitse operations Otchet OUN-B pacification peasants percent Poles police policemen Polish political population priests Province Provincial Party Committee Red Army Red partisans repressions režimo nusikaltimai Lietuvoje RGASPI Rusnachenko Russian Russian Orthodox Church security forces security troops seredniaks Serhiichuk social Sokhan soldiers Soviet counterinsurgency Soviet leaders Soviet partisans Soviet regime Soviet Union Spravka Stalin strategy struggle Tininis TsDAHOU units viiny villages violence VKP(b western borderlands western Ukraine