The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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on appeal, and traditionally the role of the Court of Appeal was confined to
checking a sentencer's discretion retrospectively in this way. However, once its
sentencing decisions came to be regularly reported in the Criminal Law Review (
Another difficulty with the tariff is the fact that there are probably at least as many
different tariffs in practice as there are levels of court (Court of Appeal, Crown
Court and magistrates' court). Consequently, the guidance handed down by the ...
Until recently, the role of the Court of Appeal in structuring the discretion of Crown
Court sentencers was further constrained by the fact that only the defendant
could appeal against sentence. This had the effect of limiting the range of
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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