The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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... by nearly 2,000 over the same period, which represented a 60 per cent
increase on the 1970 establishment. As a result, England and Wales now have
the largest probation service in Europe (NACRO, 1989d: 38). 35 The Criminal
Justice Act ...
Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. NACRO (1981a), 'Dutch Crime Rates -
are they Affected by the Shorter Sentence in Holland?', briefing paper. NACRO (
1981b), Fine Default: Report of a NACRO Working Party. London: NACRO.
London: NACRO. NACRO (1990a), 'Remands in Custody: some Facts and
Figures', briefing paper. NACRO (1990b), "The Relative Use of Imprisonment by
Magistrates' and Crown Courts', briefing paper. NACRO (1990c), 'The Prison
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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