The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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This retention of the now-familiar bifurcatory or twin-track approach to sentencing
constituted the third key theme underlying ... Where either a custodial or
community sentence is passed, the deprivation of liberty involved should
normally be ...
This could include courts being able to order reparative action as a Level 2
community sentence as an alternative to the practice of imprisonment in many
cases (see Chapter 11). However, in England and Wales - at least for the
To some extent, therefore, the success of 'punishment in the community' depends
not only on the willingness of courts to use community sentences as a substitute
for custody in appropriate cases, but also on the way they respond to breaches.
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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