The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
Results 1-3 of 5
2; see below, Chapter 3) argued that one function of the criminal law and
punishment was to reinforce the conscience collective of society and thereby
ensure that members of society continued to refrain from crime. Punishment,
Conscience collective is variously translatable as 'collective conscience' or '
collective consciousness', and means 'the totality of beliefs and sentiments
common to average members of the same society'. Crime, for Durkheim, could be
... write 'Two Laws of Penal Evolution', he had modified his theory about the
decline in importance of the conscience collective (a phrase he ceased to use)
and had come to believe that collective sentiments were a crucial factor in any
What people are saying - Write a review
Crisis? What Crisis?
11 other sections not shown