The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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(However, a magistrates' court can at this stage commit an offender it has
convicted to the Crown Court for sentence if it feels that its sentencing powers are
inadequate.) But as long as these maxima are not exceeded, the court usually
has a ...
16 One encouraging finding is that 83 per cent of offenders cautioned in 1988
were not convicted of an offence in the following two years: 87 per cent of
cautioned offenders under 14, 78 per cent of those aged 14-16, and 75 per cent
of those ...
Again, sentencers (themselves overwhelmingly middle-class) might well feel that
a middle-class offender has already suffered enough through the disgrace of
conviction, and sentence leniently as a result. Or richer defendants may be able
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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