The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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The crisis of legitimacy11 is 'the final and most crucial aspect of the crisis in
British prisons' (Fitzgerald and Sim, 1982: 23). Sociologists use the term '
legitimacy' to mean power which is perceived as morally justified. The penal
system wields ...
bound to be difficult for the system to achieve legitimacy with all its different
audiences under these circumstances. A Critical Mainstream Account A third,
mainstream yet critical, account of the penal crisis was outlined by Tony Bottoms (
First, it is crucial to understand that the crisis is composed of both material and
ideological elements, and we have ... This key factor is the crisis of legitimacy,
ignored by the orthodox account, but rightly identified as crucial by Bottoms and
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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