The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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Criminal offences fall into three categories: indictable only, summary only, and
triable either way.3 Offences which are indictable only (for example, murder, rape
and robbery) must be tried at the Crown Court before a judge, with a jury of 12 ...
These interact in a complex fashion: indeed, certain features of the system, for
example bifurcation, cannot be neatly placed on one side or the other of the (
ultimately artificial) material/ideological divide since they are both ideologies and
However, although, for example, at the end of 1990 there were technically more
prison places than prisoners, there was still overcrowding in many prisons even
then (see Chapter 5; Cavadino and Dignan, 1992: 253). 2 Other important
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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