The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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be helped rather than punished, often known in the juvenile context as the '
welfare model'.8 Opposing positivism are more traditional, punishment-
orientated (or 'classicist') approaches. One of these is the 'justice model' which,
like its adult ...
custody rates proved to be significantly lower than elsewhere (NACRO Juvenile
Crime Section, 1987). Central government interest in systems management in
juvenile justice was at one stage sufficiently strong that it was seen as something
Pitts, J. (1986b), 'Black Young People and Juvenile Crime: some Unanswered
Questions', in R. Matthews and J. Young (eds), Confronting Crime, pp. 118-44.
London: Sage. Pitts, J. (1988), The Politics of Juvenile Crime. London: Sage. Pitts
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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