The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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Finally, the combination of the 'toxic mix' of prisoners with these deteriorating
conditions within which they are contained is thought to ... The High Prison
Population (or 'Numbers Crisis') It is widely agreed - although perhaps not by the
For a long time both Conservative and Labour governments generally attempted
to keep the size of the prison population under control by a mixture of legislation,
executive action and exhortations to courts. However, since 1993 the current ...
from the worst effects of overcrowding, with the result that the problem is almost
exclusively associated with local prisons and remand centres. During the period
1946 to 1986, the prison population approximately trebled, while the CNA barely
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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