The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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Punishment. In Chapter 1 we argued that the most crucial factor in the current
malaise in the penal system is the 'crisis of legitimacy'. A social institution is '
legitimate' if it is perceived as morally justified; the problem with the penal system
is that ...
in which all citizens are genuinely equal; otherwise, there is no equilibrium of
equality for punishment to restore. If, as appears to be the case, detected
offenders typically start from a position of social disadvantage (which means that
also dwindle in importance as the division of labour progresses, and punitive law
be replaced by 'restitutive law' which requires lawbreakers to make reparation to
their victims rather than suffer retributive punishment.4 By the time Durkheim ...
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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