The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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Reparation Reparation is the notion that people who have offended should do
something to 'repair' the wrong they have done, and in so doing acknowledge the
wrongness of their actions. This could take the form of compensating the victim of
The experience of the Kettering Adult Reparation Board (Dignan, 1991) was that
the introduction of a reparation ... regard these particular effects as acceptable,
since one result was that victims were benefited by the reparation carried out as a
20 On the history and development of reparation, see Schafer (1960); Jacob (
1977); Harding (1982); and Wright (1991). 21 The legal framework relating to
compensation orders is set out in section 35 of the Powers of Criminal Courts Act
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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