The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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Retributivism The retributivist principle - that wrongdoers should be punished
because they deserve it - is in some ways the complete antithesis of reductivism.
Where reductivism is forward-looking, retributivism looks back in time to the
Nor may we punish criminals to a greater extent than their crimes are felt to
deserve (for example in the hope of reforming or incapacitating them or deterring
others): under the retributivist principle offenders have a right to go free once they
In fact, this was exactly the conclusion once reached by the modern retributivist
Jeffrie Murphy (1979: 95), who stated that 'modern societies largely lack the
moral right to punish'.16 Even if such a sweeping conclusion is not warranted, ...
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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