The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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Meaning and Forms of Privatization Privatization involves 'the systematic transfer
of government functions and programs into the private sector' (Adam Smith
Institute, n. d. 17-18).2 The first candidates for privatization comprised previously
In relation to prison management, it would be fair to say that attempts by private
prison contractors to drive down operating costs have not yet provided
convincing proof that the private sector is able to achieve significant cost savings
2 We use the terms 'private sector' and 'privatization' to refer to the commercial (
profit- making) sector, as distinct from the 'voluntary sector' (charities etc.) and the
'informal sector' of active but unpaid citizens. Voluntary organizations run ...
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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