The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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Society, according to Althusser, is a complex unity of different, unevenly related '
levels' or 'instances'. The economy is the ultimately determining instance, but the
superstructural instances of ideology and politics are not mere reflections of it: ...
He did this especially in two works: The Division of Labor in Society (1960, first
published 1893) and the article 'Two Laws of Penal Evolution' (1973, first
published 1900). The Division of Labor expounds Durkheim' s theory about the ...
However, he still held that the nature of these collective sentiments differed at
different stages of society's development, being of a predominantly religious
character in simple societies but much more secular, humanistic and
individualistic in ...
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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