The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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In Chapter 1 1 we provide a history of the strategies adopted by national
governments up to the present day, but a brief summary is appropriate here to set
the scene. In the early 1980s, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher
This pragmatism has not been completely shapeless, however. One strong
theme was identified and christened by Tony Bottoms in a highly prescient paper
back in 1977: the strategy of bifurcation (Bottoms, 1977, 1980a). 'Bifurcation'
refers to ...
Government penal strategies in recent years have combined elements of all three
credos, but it is fair to say that the first two have tended to dominate, with Credo
One currently in the ascendant under Michael Howard. Credos One and Two ...
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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