The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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If, during this operational period, the offender commits a further imprisonable
offence and is convicted, the court is then obliged to activate the suspended
sentence in full unless it is of the opinion it would be unjust to do so. The history
of the ...
A second 'malfunction' relating to the suspended sentence which Bottoms (1980b
: 5) discovered was that magistrates' courts (but not Crown Courts) tended to
increase the length of suspended terms of imprisonment compared with those ...
See, for example, the history of the suspended sentence, below. 52 The Criminal
Justice Act 1991 abolished a little-used measure known as the partly suspended
sentence (see Dignan, 1984). 53 This is a remarkably similar result to the effect ...
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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