The Penal System: An Introduction
Now fully revised, this highly successful textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the penal system in England and Wales.
Michael Cavadino and James Dignan examine all aspects of the penal process, including details of the recent dramatic developments which have made the punishment of offenders and the escalating `penal crisis' one of the most hotly debated issues of the day. They also outline the theories which purport to justify and explain the practice of punishment and consider their value in helping us understand the penal system.
The Second Edition presents a stimulating account of the current crisis. The authors argue that the penal system not only suffers from severe practical pr
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In practice, however, courts tend to operate two tariffs in tandem: an 'offence-
based tariff, and an 'offender-based tariff which punishes recidivists more
severely. This distinction between the two kinds of tariff will become important in
Checking and Structuring Discretion: the Role of the Court of Appeal Although
there is no such thing as a 'correct' sentence, there is a notional scale of penalties
familiarly known as the 'tariff, which is based on the 'normal range' that has been
However, the procedure whereby lifers who are deemed to be 'dangerous' can
be denied release following the expiry of the tariff was successfully challenged in
the European Court of Human Rights in 1990.33 As a result, the government was
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Crisis? What Crisis?
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