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round of gay life and fashionable levity might be supposed to present—with a fortune, an equipage, and a house at her command, complete mistress of her own conduct and propensities!

How stood the charge with respect to his client in this case? What had appeared from the evidence of the clergyman? Lady Westmeath, not, as the learned solicitor had painted her ladyship, an innocent young female, inexperienced, and such as might be supposed unwary and unripe in the ways of the world; but an experienced matron, twelve years married, the mother of several children, and well practised in all the mysteries, modes, and dissipations of the gay world! What was Mr. Bradshaw? Not an experiençed rake, versed in the arts of seduction by the vitious practice of years, but the younger brother of a respectable family, not many years emerged from the control of his tutor-and of an age young enough almost for the lady to have been his mother !

Was this the young lady of innocence and inexperience, polished education, exalted sentiments, and refined feelings whom the learned counsel had painted in such glowing and angelic tints with the bloom of the plumb, unbroken upon her cheek-and all the blossoms of youthful innocence flowering and flourishing around her? Was the lady a bird of that age likely to be caught with the sort of chaff which his youthful client might be supposed to cast before her, if her own inclinations had not led her to be the DECOY, without the necessity of stratagem?

Suppose that on the part of his client he were to admit the whole of the facts stated in evidence-yet, would not the jury consider the rank and the years of the lady—the utter improbability that any advances of a criminal kind would have proceeded from a young gentleman, who, from his years, must be supposed inexperienced in the dissipations of fashionable life, as his client was? And, would not the jury consider the uncontrolled freedom in which Lord West

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meath permitted his lady to range through all the rounds of fashionable dissipation-exposed to all those temptations that beset a woman of levity-absent from her husband-unchecked by the vigilance of her friends—and prone to every indulgence in pleasure and luxury, which her rank and fortune could supply? And, would not a jury, thus considering, even if they believed the facts, make a wide difference, indeed, between the imputed guilt of his client, and that of a common seducer, who had triumphed over the chastity of an innocent and inexperienced female? They must surely consider his client as the party seduced--and in estimating the damages, if they should think any were justly due, they should apportion them to the feelings and not to the rank of the plaintiff-they would consider, how lightly bagatelles and faux pas of this kind were thought of in the circles of high LIFE-they would consider how far his lordship's own conduct and neglect were instrumental to the injury of which he complained--they would estimate the uncontrolled influ. ence of modern and fashionable manners upon the minds of high rank-and find such a verdict as, upon due consideration, became the good sense and conscientious justice of moral and discerning men.

Counsellor Saurin, on behalf of the plaintiff, said, that considering the strength of the evidence adduced on behalf of his client, and the irrefragable proofs upon which his case had been substantiated, he felt no necessity to say any thing to the jury, in reply to what had fallen from the learned counsel on the other side, notwithstanding the eloquence and ingenuity with which he had argued on behalf of his client; he should therefore rest with the discretion of the court, for any observations upon the evidence, in this case, which might be deemed necessary for the direction of the jury.

Lord Chief Baron Yelverton then addressed the jury, observing, that the present case was of such a nature as required very little exertion indeed, on the part of the plaintiff's counsel, to aggravate the injury proved in evidence; a case,

so atrocious in all its circumstances, so fraught with the most shameful and abandoned depravity, and so violatory to every principle of decorum, of virtue, of morality, and of female modesty, as, he thanked God, was not to be matched by any other example in this country.

The proofs in this case were manifest were strong-were circumstantially corroborative of each other and stood wholly uncontradicted by any evidence to the contrary. The jury could, therefore, in his mind, have no reasonable doubt of the fact. It would be then for them to consider, under all the circumstances of the case, the culpability of the defendant, and the nature and magnitude of the injury sustained by the plaintiff--an injury, which no pecuniary consideration, however great, could compensate, and he doubted not the jury would find themselves justified in giving such damages, as, while their verdict marked the regard of moral and conscientious men for the sacred rights of the conjugal bed, should at the same time hold out an example to check and deter the gress of a crime in this country, which, of late years, had made such alarming strides in another kingdom, whose fashions and whose vices we are too apt to borrow, and which, there was but too much reason to fear, were rapidly gaining ground in the fashionable circles of this country:

The jury, after a short consultation, returned a verdict for the plaintiff. Damages, 10,0001. !

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WILLIAM ORR, a wealthy farmer of Faranshane, in the county of Antrim, was committed to gaol for high treason, under a warrant of commitment, bearing date the 17th of September, 1796.

At the Lent assises, 1797, he was arraigned on an indictment framed under the insurrection act, for administering unlawful oaths; he then pleaded not guilty, but his trial was postponed on his affidavit, stating the absence of a material witness.

At the next assises he was put upon his trial, on Monday, the 18th day of September, before Lord Chief Baron Yelverton; two witnesses appeared against him, one of the name of Wheatly, and another of the name of Lindsay, both private soldiers in the Fifeshire regiment of fencibles.

• This trial is here inserted as a necessary introduction to that of Peter Finerty. The admirable speech of Mr. Curran, on that trial, seemed to require an illustration from the melancholy story of William Orr, the Proto-martyr. The editor, however, has to lament that he cannot give a regular account of the proceedings, as government prohibited all publications on the subject, except their own-yet there were other publications, which brought on the destruction of the Star printing-office by the soldiery.


Wheatly swore, that in April, 1796, he had been in Scotland on furlough, and was on his return by Antrim to join his regiment then quartered at Derry. That he then, upon the 24th or 25th of that month, met with several persons, who swore him into the brotherhood of United Irishmen, and afterwards took him to the house of the prisoner, whom they found employed in sowing flax in his field. He swore that an assembly was called in the house of the prisoner, who acted as chairman or secretary, which he called a Baronial Committee; and that there it was debated, whether he should be intrusted with the printed constitution of the society to proinote the institution among his fellow soldiers. That it was agreed that he should have one. That an oath was thereupon administered to him by the prisoner, which was to keep the secrets of United Irishmen, and not for any reward or punishment to discover on them. The witness threw in many circumstances about arms and the Northern Star, which were shown to him, also a draw-well to put the aristocrats into! He swore, that all he did was through fear of his life, which they threatened—that he was told they had armed men enough to get a reform by force, if they could not by fair means he said the intention of the society was to assist the French to liberate Ireland, &c.

On his cross-examination by Mr. Curran, he denied that he had ever offered to desert, or asked money with that view from any body, but was offered money to induce him by a person in Belfast, which he refused. He was asked, if he had sent any cartridges to Mr. Orr when in prison, as a token ? and answered he believed not. He was asked, whether he ever told any person that he had taken the test of a soldier in a certain way that suited his own mind best, and that he never was satisfied as a soldier? This he denied, but after some pause went on, “ unless it might be

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