The British Field Marshals: 1736-1997: A Biographical Dictionary

Front Cover
Pen and Sword, Oct 24, 2012 - History - 384 pages
Whether any advantage or benefit will be drawn from the suspension or effective abolition of the rank of Field Marshal is debatable. What is certain, however, is that Dr. Tony Heathcote s idea of compiling a definitive biographical dictionary of holders of this illustrious rank since its introduction by George II in 1736, is opportune and inspired. Those readers who anticipate a dry recitation of bare facts and statistics are in for a disappointment. A reference work this may be but the author, by dint of his depth of knowledge, has created a shrewd and highly readable commentary as well. As General Sir Charles Guthrie (the first soldier to be denied promotion to Field Marshal on appointment to Chief of Defense Staff) observes in his Foreword, this book embraces the history of the British Army over the last 250-300 years. It covers not only the careers of key individuals but provides an understanding of their contribution to the successes and failures of our military past. The diversity of personalities, who have only the honor of wearing the coveted crossed batons in common, is fascinating. Alongside the household names of the great strategists and distinguished leaders lie little known and forgotten figures, who gained their exalted rank by either luck, accident of birth or diplomatic gesture. The British Field Marshals merits a place on the bookshelf of any military historian but is likely to be found on his or her bedside table. Whether or not the rank is ever resurrected, as it has been in the past and as many will hope it will be again, this delightful and useful book will remain the authoritative guide to all those who have held the highest military rank in the British Army.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The Field Marshals Biographies
9
Albert I HM King of the Belgians 18751934
10
Albert HRH Prince Consort Prince of SaxeCoburgGotha 18191861
12
Alexander Sir Harold Earl Alexander 18911969
13
Alfonso XIII HM King of Spain 18861941
17
Allenby Sir Edward Viscount Allenby 18611936
19
Amherst Sir Jeffery Lord Amherst 17171797
23
Hay George Marquess of Tweeddale 17871876
173
Henry HRH Duke of Gloucester 19001974
174
Hirohito HM Emperor of Japan 19011989
176
Hodgson Studholme 17081798
178
Howard Sir George 17201796
179
Hull Sir Richard 19071989
180
Hulse Sir Samuel 17471837
182
Inge Sir Peter Lord Inge 1935
183

Arthur HRH Duke of Connaught and Strathearn 18501942
26
Auchinleck Sir Claude 18841981
28
Bagnall Sir Nigel 19272002
35
Baker Sir Geoffrey 19121980
37
Barrett Sir Arthur 18571926
39
Bingham Charles Earl of Lucan 18001888
41
Birdwood Sir William Lord Birdwood 18651951
43
Birenda Bir Bikram Shah Deva HM King of Nepal 19452001
45
Blakeney Sir Edward 17781868
46
Blamey Sir Thomas 18841951
47
Boyle Richard Viscount Shannon 16741740
52
Bramall Sir Edwin Lord Bramall 1923
53
Brooke Sir Alan Viscount Alanbrooke 18831963
56
Brownlow Sir Charles 18311916
59
Burgoyne Sir John 17821871
60
Byng Sir John Earl of Strafford 17721860
63
Byng Sir Julian Viscount Byng 18621935
64
Campbell Sir Colin Lord Clyde 17921863
69
Campbell John 2nd Duke of Argyll 16781743
71
Campbell John 5th Duke of Argyll 17231806
73
Carver Sir Michael Lord Carver 19152001
75
Cassels Sir James 19071996
79
Cavendish Lord Frederick 17291803
82
Chamberlain Sir Neville 18201902
83
Chapple Sir John 1931
85
Chetwode Sir Philip Lord Chetwode 18691950
86
Clarke Sir Alured 17451832
89
Colborne Sir John Lord Seaton 17781863
90
Conway the Honourable Henry 17211794
92
Cotton Sir Stapleton Viscount Combermere 17731865
94
Dacres Sir Richard 17991886
96
Dalrymple John Earl of Stair 16731747
97
De la Rochefoucauld Francis Marquis de Montandre 16721739
99
Deverell Sir Cyril 18741947
101
Dill Sir John 18811944
102
Edward VII HM King of Great Britain and Ireland 18411910
105
Edward VIII HM King of Great Britain and Ireland HRH Duke of Windsor 18941972
108
Edward HRH Duke of Kent and Strathearn 17671820
112
Edward HRH Duke of Kent 1935
113
Edward HRH Prince of SaxeWeimar 18231902
114
Egerton Sir Charles 18481921
115
Ernest I HM King of Hanover Duke of Cumberland 17711851
116
Festing Sir Francis 19021976
118
Fitzgerald Sir John 17851877
121
Foch Ferdinand Marshal of France 18511929
122
Francis Joseph HIM Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary 18301916
125
Frederick HRH Duke of York 17631827
127
French Sir John Earl of Ypres 18521925
130
George V HM King of Great Britain and Ireland 18651936
135
George VI HM King of Great Britain and Ireland 18951952
137
George HRH 2nd Duke of Cambridge 18191904
141
Gibbs Sir Roland 19212004
144
Gomm Sir William 17841875
146
Gough Sir Hugh Viscount Gough 17791869
148
Grant Sir Patrick 18041895
150
Grenfell Sir Francis Lord Grenfell 18411925
151
Griffin Sir John Lord Howard de Walden and Braybrooke 17191797
153
Grosvenor Thomas 17641851
154
Haig Sir Douglas Earl Haig 18611928
155
Haile Selassie HIM Emperor of Ethiopia 18921975
160
Haines Sir Frederick 18191909
163
Hamilton George Earl of Orkney 16661737
165
Harcourt William Earl Harcourt 17431830
166
Harding Sir John Lord Harding of Petherton 18961989
167
Hardinge Sir Henry Viscount Hardinge 17851856
171
Ironside Sir Edmund Lord Ironside 18801959
185
Jacob Sir Claud 18631948
190
Kitchener Sir Herbert Earl Kitchener 18501916
191
Lambart Sir Frederick Earl of Cavan 18651946
197
Lennox Charles Duke of Richmond 17351806
199
Leopold I HM King of the Belgians Prince of SaxeCoburgGotha 17901865
200
Ligonier Sir John Earl Ligonier 16801770
202
Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva HM King of Nepal 19211974
204
Methuen Paul Lord Methuen 18451932
205
Michel Sir John 18041886
207
Milne Sir George Lord Milne 18661948
208
Molesworth Richard Viscount Molesworth 16801758
211
Montgomery Sir Bernard Viscount Montgomery 18871976
212
MontgomeryMassingberd Sir Archibald 18711947
219
Moore Charles Marquess of Drogheda 17301821
222
Napier Sir Robert Lord Napier of Magdala 18101890
223
Nicholas II HIM Emperor of Russia 18681918
225
Nicholson Sir William Lord Nicholson 18451918
228
Norman Sir Henry 18261904
230
Nugent Sir George 17571849
232
OHara James Lord Tyrawley and Kilmaine 16901773
234
Paget Lord Henry Marquess of Anglesey 17681854
235
Paulet Lord William 18041893
237
Philip HRH Duke of Edinburgh 1921
238
Plumer Sir Herbert Viscount Plumer 18571932
240
Pollock Sir George 17861872
243
Rich Sir Robert 16851768
245
Roberts Sir Frederick Earl Roberts 18321914
246
Robertson Sir William 18601933
250
Rose Sir Hugh Lord Strathnairn 18011885
253
Ross Sir Hew 17791868
255
Rowan Sir William 17891879
256
Simmons Sir Lintorn 18211903
257
Slim Sir William Viscount Slim 18911970
259
Smuts Jan 18701950
264
Somerset Lord Fitzroy Lord Raglan 17881855
267
Stanier Sir John 1925
269
Stewart Sir Donald 18241900
270
Temple Sir Richard Viscount Cobham 16691749
272
Templer Sir Gerald 18981979
273
Townshend George Marquess Townshend 17241807
277
Vereker John Viscount Gort 18861946
279
Vincent Sir Richard Lord Vincent 1931
283
Wade George 16731748
285
Wavell Sir Archibald Earl Wavell 18831950
287
Wellesley Sir Arthur Duke of Wellington 17691852
291
White Sir George 18351912
295
William II HM King of the Netherlands 17921849
297
William II HM German Emperor and King of Prussia 18591941
299
William Frederick HRH 2nd Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh 17761834
301
William Henry HRH 1st Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh 17431805
302
Wilson Sir Henry Hughes 18641922
303
Wilson Sir Henry Maitland Lord Wilson 18811964
308
Wolseley Sir Garnet Viscount Wolseley 18331913
311
Wood Sir Evelyn 18381919
314
Woodford Sir Alexander 17821870
316
Yorke Sir Charles 17901880
318
Yoshihito HIM Emperor of Japan 18791926
319
2The Field Marshals Regiments and Corps
327
3Arms or Branches of the Army in which the Field Marshals served
336
4The Field Marshals Schools
338
5Establishments attended by the Field Marshals as Military Cadets
341
Bibliography
343
Index
356
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Tony Heathcote was the Librarian at the RMAS Sandhurst until his retirement. He has written numerous books including the two biographical dictionaries (above) both under the Pen and Sword imprint.

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