The Classical Utilitarians: Bentham and Mill
This volume includes the complete texts of two of John Stuart Mill's most important works, Utilitarianism and On Liberty, and selections from his other writings, including the complete text of his "Remarks on Bentham's Philosophy." The selection from Mill's "A System of Logic" is of special relevance to the debate between those who read Mill as an Act-Utilitarian and those who interpret him as a Rule-Utilitarian.
Also included are selections from the writings of Jeremy Bentham, founder of modern Utilitarianism and mentor (together with James Mill) of John Stuart Mill. Bentham's Principles of Morals and Legislation had important effects on political and legal reform in his own time and continues to provide insights for political theorists and philosophers of law. Seven chapters of Bentham's Principles are here in their entirety, together with a number of shorter selections, including one in which Bentham repudiates the slogan often used to characterize his philosophy: "The Greatest Happiness of the Greatest Number."
John Troyer's Introduction presents the central themes and arguments of Bentham and Mill and assesses their relevance to current discussions of Utilitarianism. The volume also provides indexes, a glossary, and notes.
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Bentham on The Greatest Good
Mills On Liberty
of Book VI of Mills A System of Logic
Mills Remarks on Benthams Philosophy
Mill Excerpt from a letter to Henry Jones
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action admit antipathy applied argument believe Bentham branch called character Christian circumstances civil common concerns conduct consequences considerations considered degree desire desire happiness doctrine duty equally eral evil example existence experience expository fact feeling freedom Gini coefficient give greater greatest happiness greatest happiness principle ground human idea individual influence intention interest James Mill John Stuart Mill judge jurisprudence justice least legislation less lex talionis liberty Little-endians mankind Marcus Aurelius matter maxims means ment Mill Mill's Mill's method mind mischief mode of punishment moral motive nature necessary object obligation offence opinion pain particular penal person philosophical pleasure political practice preference present principle of utility private ethics produce purpose question reason regard respect rule sanction sense sentiment social society Socrates standard supposed sympathy Teleology tendency theory thing tion truth utilitarian virtue whole Wilhelm von Humboldt words
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