Foundations of Colloid Science, Volume 1
Liquid suspension systems are the basic ingredients of paints, detergents, biological cells, and countless other systems of scientific and technological importance. This book presents the fundamental physical and chemical concepts necessary to the understanding of these systems and of colloid science in general. New ideas are introduced carefully and formulae are developed in full, with exercises to help the reader throughout. The frequent references to the many applications of colloid science will be especially helpful to beginning research scientists and people in industry, medicine and agriculture who often find their training in this area inadequate. Integrating developments from the time of colloid science's infancy 40 years ago to its present state as a rigorous discipline, this intelligently assembled work elucidates a remarkable range of concepts, techniques, and behaviors.
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CHARACTERIZATION OF COLLOIDAL
BEHAVIOUR OF COLLOIDAL DISPERSIONS
Electrical charge and colloid stability
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adsorbed adsorption aggregation approximation aqueous assumed behaviour Brownian motion bulk calculated capillary Chapter Chem chemical chemical potential coagulation coefficient Colloid interface Sci colloid science colloidal dispersions colloidal particles component constant contact angle crystal curvature curve density determined dielectric diffuse dipole discussion distance distribution DLVO theory double layer droplet effect electrolyte electrolyte concentration electron electrostatic entropy equation equilibrium Establish eqn Exercise experimental flocculation flow fluid force formula free energy frequency function given head group hydrocarbon increase interaction energy ions liquid material measured method micelle microscope molar mass molecular molecules monomer negative Note obtained occurs Overbeek phase plates polymer potential energy procedure quantity radius region repulsion result scattering sedimentation separation shear silver iodide solid solution solvent spheres spherical stabilizing moieties steric stabilization stress surface tension surfactant suspension temperature term theory thermodynamic vector velocity viscosity volume Waals Young-Laplace equation zero