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CHANGES IN THE NAMES OF It obtained the latter name from the fact that it

STREAMS IN AND ABOUT PHILA- was a route traveled by water to the Swedish DELPHIA.

church at Tinicum. Campanius calls this creek [THE following is believed to include all the streams

“Boke," from which the corruption to Bow is of any magnitude within the boundaries of Philadelphia easily traceable. as the same were noticed from the discoveries by the Brier creek empties into the Schuylkill on the Dutch and Swedes up to the present period. Many of west side in Fairmount Park below Sweet-Brier these streams are obliterated. For convenience sake the descriptions are made with reference to localities

Mansion. It is so called on the map of H. P. M. which now exist. The sources from which information

Birkenbine. is obtained are to be found in patents, deeds and old Byberry creek. See Poquessing creek. maps, the dates of the latter of which are as follows:

Cobb's creek. See Darby creek. Roggeveen's, 1678; Peter Lindstrom's, a Swedish engi. neer's map of the Delaware river. 1654-55. The original

Cohocksink creek (obliterated) is called in va. map was taken to Sweden. A copy was procured many rious patents Cococksink, Coxing, Cogogsink, years ago by the American Philosophical Society. It is Coxon and Cohocksink or Mill creek. M. S. peculiar in this, that many of the names are in the Indian. Henry, in his Dictionary and Gazetteer of Swedish and French languages. A copy of this map,

Words and Names in the Delaware Indian differing in several matters, particularly in some of the names, and omitting the French names altogether, is Language, defines the name to be Cuwehockin to be found in Nya Swerije, by Thomas Campanius -“pine lands.” The name Mill creck was Holm, published at Stockholm, in 1702., Another copy given to it from the fact that on this stream, of Lindstrom's map is in the History of New Sweden,

between the present Fifth and Sixth streets, was by Israel Acrelius, 1759, and this also has some changes in regard to names. Other maps referred to are those built the Governor's (Penn's) Mill, and afterof Thomas Holmes (Penn's first surveyor), 1685: Scull ward the Globe Mills. One branch of the & Heap: 1750; Reed, 176; John Hill, 1796; Varlo, about Cohocksink commenced near the Ford road, 1798; Nicholas Hill, 188; Mellish, 1816; Ellett, 1839 :

west of the Lamb tavern, and there was and some others not necessary to be named.)

branch which rose above the present Glenwood Amesaka run. See Darby creek.

Cemetery. The stream flowed generally southA soe pecka sea. On Lindstrom's map, in the east, crossing Broad street above Turner's lanc, Delaware river, in front of the present city, be- and crossed the latter about the line of Twelfth tween a point which might have commenced street. It continued to a point between Fifth and about the mouth of Gunner's run and extended Sixth streets, where it widened into a lake, into to Frankford creek, a shoal or bank is marked which also flowed a stream which rose in the with dots, to which is assigned the following lands of the Gratz estate, probably above Jeffernames: Foglesand, Mer Asoepecka, Sable des son st., and flowed castwardly. The latter was Oisseaux ou Alsoepecka. Foglesand in Swedish called Coozaliquenaque in the patent to Daniel means bird bank: Sable des Oisseaux may be Pegs in 1684. From the pond or mill-dam, flow. interpreted "blackbirds," so that the bank woulding east and south, the Cohocksink emptied into be "blackbird bank." The Delaware in front the Delaware at Brown street. of this bank is wide; hence it may be supposed Church creek. See Boon creek. the title Mer Alsoe pecka (Alsoepecka sea'') Church creek. See Darby creek. was applied to that portion of the river oppo- Cresheim creek. See Wissahickon. site the bank. M. S. Henry thinks that Alsoepeck Dam creek (obliterated) ran into Hollander's should be Assiscupeck ("a muddy stream"),. It creek in a direction south by west, and had its may be men ned that Ashopock is the Indian source near the Buck road. It is so called on word for “hemp."

Scull & Heap's map: Beaver creek, flowing through the Almshouse Darby creck empties into the Delaware river grounds, and emptying into the Schuylkill oppo- opposite the lower end of Tinicum island. It is site Pine st. Called Beaver creek and Beaver the lower portion of a stream which rises in run in a patent by Penn to Varels Landers in Haverford township, Delaware county, and 1692.

flows with some irregularities and curves in a Blanson's run. See Darby creek.

southerly direction until it reaches the Blue Bell Boon creek or Church creek runs west by Tavern, on the Darby road. The upper portion south from the junction of Kingsess and Min. of this stream was called by the Swedes Kara quas creek. It received its naine from Andreas Kung or Kakaron, Carkoons, Carkons, Carcoens, Boon, one of the original Swedish settlers.. !t Carcoon and Chargoes-all supposed to be corwas also one of the routes to the church at Tini- ruptions of Kara Kung: Mr. Henry thinks that cum ; hence its name of Church creek.

this name is derived from a mortar or mill in Botanic creek flows into the Schuylkill on the which the Indians pounded their corn, and that west side, opposite the upper part of Point it was given to it after Governor Printz built a Breeze and below Eastwick's, formerly Bar- mill upon this stream, which was probably about tram's Botanic Garden, from the proximity to 1643. On Holmes' map this creek is called Mill which it obtained its name.

creek. The name was shortly afterward changed Bow creek, southern boundary of Philadelphia to Cobb's creek, after William Cobb, an Englishcity, flows from Darby creek, along the north-east- man, who became owner of the old mill.-Port ern side of Tinicum Island, and, after a short bend Reading creek rises near Haverford College, in nearly due east, enters the Delaware opposite Hog Delaware county, Aows through Haverford town. Island. It is called on Lindstrom's map “ Booke, ship, and empties into Cobb's creek between HavEller Kyke Kylen," "La Riviere de Hetres ou erford road and Church road. - Indian run is d'Eglise." " Boke" is Swedish for beech tree, composed of two branches, one of which rises in and\"Hetre" is French for the same; “Eglise Lower Merion, near Ardmore station, and the is French for church, and Kyke” is evidently other north of Elm station, on the Pennsylan abbreviation or misspelling of the Swedish vania Railroad. They flow south, and unite " Kyrke"--church; so that the stream was a short distance before reaching Cobb's creck, sometimes called Beech creck and Church creek. into which they flow.-Blanson's run rises in Second Month,]

FEBRUARY.

[1879.

MOON'S PHASES, Philadelphia.
dh. m.

d. . .
O Full Moon ..... 6 842 P.M.

New Moon ... 20 II 3 P.M.
Last Quarter 13

1 54 P.M.
D First Quarter 29

2 58 A.M.

Day of the Year. | Day of the Month. | Day of the Week.

PHENOMENA.

8 36 9

36

713 16

39 85

2 35

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THE SUN, THE MOON,

THE TIDES,
Philadelphia Philadelphia.

Philadelphia.
Rises Souths Sets Rises. Souths Sets. So High Tide.

Low Tide.

( Per, gd. 6, Px. A.M.A.M. P.M. A.M. P.M. A.M.

A.M. P.M. A.M.) P.M. him. m. s. hm, hm. n. m. A. m d. n. m. A. m A. m. A. m.

Apo.,25d. 7h. P.M. 32 IS 7 10 13 51 5 17 11 58 7 49 2 44 10

9 3 22 3 55 5.4 4.39P.M. gr.bel.lats. 33 28 7 913 59 5 18 O 488 43 3 43:11 9 42 10 14

4 285 15.3 9.48 P.M. Sirius S. 34 3 M

7 8 14 5.5 19 1 46 9 39! 4 38 12 10 47 11 18 5 33 6 65.6 10.44 P.M. Acc. e Ger. 35! 4 Tu 2

7 14 11 5 21 2 52 10 34 5 26 13 11 48 6 37 7 7 5.7 10.44 P.M. in Apbel. 5 W 7 6 14 16 5 22 4 3 11 28

6 7 14 O 17 O 42 36 8 16.0 6.35 P.M. 9 sets. 37 6 Th 7 5 14 20 5 24 5 16. A.M. 6 43.15 16 1 28 8 25 8 47

6.2 6.33 P.M. 7* S. 38 7 F 7 41 14 235 25 6 30 O 21

I 50

2 12 9 9 9 31 6.4 1.47 PM, 2 H 6.
7 3 14 26 5 26

7 44 1 12
741 17

7 56 9 54 10 15 6.5 9.54 A. 4. 40. 49.98

7 2114 27.5 278 57 2 2 8 8 18 3 19 3 41 10 38 11 0 6.5 4.21 A.Y. rises. 41 TO M

7 0 14 28 5 29 10 12 252 8 35 19 4 3 4 26 11 22 11 45 6.5 7.46 RM Rigel S. 42 Tu6 14 28.5 30 11 27 3 43 9 4120 4 495 15

86.4 8.36 P.x. k sets, 43 12 W 6 57 14 28 5 31 A.M. 4 36 37 21 5 39 6 4 0 341 o 58 6.2 10.20 P.M. Spica rises, 44 13 Th 6 56 14 26 5 33 O 42 5 32 10 16 22

o
123

I 505.9 6.03 P.M. Al rises. 45 14 F

6 54 14 24 5 34 1 54 6 30 11 3 23 7 31 8 5 2 191 2 525.6 9.59 P.M. Pollux S. 46 15 S

6 53 14 21 5 35 3 1 7 30 II 58 24 8 431 9 21 3 24 4 25.3 9.14 P.M. Arc. rises. 47/16 S 6 52 14 18 5. 37 3 58 8 28 1

O 25 9 56 to 29 4 40 5 155.4 6.31 P.M. O dc. 48 17 M 6 50 14 14 5 38 4 46 9 24 2 7.20 II

5 48 6 21 5.7 11.16 P.M. U sets. 49 18 Tu '6 49'14 9 5 39 5 25 10 17 3 15.27

6 59 7 19 5.8 6.35 P.M. Ald. S. 50 19 W 6 48 14 3 5 40 5 58 11 6 4 22 28 0 24 0 46 7 43

8 5 6.0 7.08 P.M. sets, 51 20 Th 6 47 13 575 41 6 25 11 51

I 7
I 25

8 26 8 44 6.2 5.51 A.M. 07.
52 21 F
6 45 13 50 5 43 6 49 O 34

6 280

3 2 9 2 9 21 6.3 4.10 A.M. rises, 53122 S

6 44 13 42 5 44 7 II I 15 7 29 I 2 21 3 37 9 40 10 56 6.4 8.08 P.M. OYO. 54 23 S

6 42 13 34 5 45 7 33 I 56 8 261 2 1 56 3 14 10 15 10 33 6.5 3.12 P.M. Óhc. 55 24 M 6 41 13 25 5 46 7 55 2 36 9 29 3 3 311 3 50 10 50 11 9 6.5 8.42 P.M. Alg. sets. 56 25 Tu 6 39 13 16 5 48 8 18 3 19 10 29 4 4 9 4 28 11 28 11 47 6.5 8.334. M. & gr.bel.lat. S. 57 26 W 6 38 13 6 5 49 8 45 4 3,11 305 4 48 5 8

O 7 6.4 1.40 P.8, dt 6. 58 27 Th 6 36 12 55 5 509 16 4 49' A.M. 6

5 29 5 51 0 27 0 48 6.3 7.42 P.M. h sets.
6 35 12 44 5 511 9 531 5 39 O 30 71 6 13 6 37 I 10 I 3a 6.01 7.24 P.M. Occ. X Tsuri.

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Fixed and Movable Feasts, Fasts, etc., 1879. of the equinox do not differ from the mean by as

The principal determinations of the position Epiphany...

.Jan. 6 much as one half of a tenth of a second of arc. Valentine's Day

Feb. 14 AMONG the numerous asteroids, two have been Shrove Tuesday..

28 found, No. 122 and No. 167, which move around

the sun in exactly the same path, one being 1800 Ash Wednesday.

29 behind the other. St. Patrick's Day.

MR. PROCTOR, the distinguished and popular Palin Sunday..

.Apr.

6 astronomer, maintains, in opposition to views Maunday Thursday ..............

recently published by Vogel, that the larger

planets are bodies having a very high temGood Friday....

perature. Easter Sunday

13 Whitsunday....

Juno No man knows what the wise of his bosom is Trinity Sunday..

8

-no man knows what a ministering angel she is

-until he has gone with her through the fiery St. John the Baptist's Day.

4 trials of this world. All Saints' Day.

.Nov.

BEAUTY, thou art twice blessed: thou Blessest All Souls' Day

the gazer and the possessor. A sweet disposi. Advent Sunday.

tion, a lovely soul, an affectionate nature, will 30

speak in the eyes, the lips, the brow, and beChristmas Day....

come the cause of beauty. St. John the Evangelist's Day..

27 It is a delightful sensation which a new pas

sion begins to stir up within us when the old one

is not yet entirely departed. Thus at sunset we FEBRUARY.

take pleasure in seeing the moon rise on the opVenus and Saturn near the new Moon Feb. 3a posite side of the heavens, and rejoice in the

double splendor of both luminaries.

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Darby township, and empties into Cobb's creek | yacht Onrust (Restless), who explored the river, near Paschallville. ---Naylor's run rises in Mar- it is believed, as far as the mouth of the Schuylple township, and flows south and east into kill. On his return to Holland, Hendrickson acCobb's creek.-Hermsprota creek empties into companied his report with a map, on which the Darby creek near the intersection of Amesland river now called the Delaware was designated as road and a road leading to Hog island, a short the riviere Van der Vorst Mauritius. But Mey distance above Bow creek.--Pusey's run empties had already chosen as a name the Zuydt or into Darby creek above the junction with Cobb's South river, in contradistinction from the Nord creek, near the borough of Darby.- Aměsaka or North river. The Dutch also called the run (patent to Neals John, 1684), Ameasaka (pa- stream Nassau river, Prince Hendrick's river tent to Mounce Jones, 1635), rises in Philadelphia, and Prince Charles''river. When the Swedes and runs into Cobb's creek near Mount Moriah came they called it Swenska riviere or Swedish Cemetery. Below the Blue Bell Tavern a creck river, and it was also called New Swedeland joins with Cobb's creek, which was called the Ny. stream, or the river of New Sweden. The Eng. ecks (meaning " nasty, muddy"), the Muckruton, lish gave it the name of De la War, which has and Amesland (after Amas-land, "the land of the been modernized into Delaware. This name was nurse"), which was given by the Swedes to the given because they supposed that Thomas, Lord country immediately south of it. Below this junc- de la War, who touched at the bay in his voyage tion the creek was called Darby creck, from the to Virginia in 1610, was the discoverer of the town or village of Darby, near by. It was also river, and as carly as 1612 Captain Thomas Arcalled Church creek, because at one time it was a gall, of Virginia, speaks of it as the De la War convenient road of travel to Tinicum church.- river. The name was therefore given to the Muckinapattus creek rises in Darby township, river before that which was assigned to it by the Delaware county, flows south-west, and joins Dutch, but the claim that Lord de la War was Darby creek west of the junction with Bow the discoverer was untenable, inasmuch as Hudcreek. Muckinapalis means " land that is lower son had entered the river in 1609. The bay of than the surrounding country."- Stone creek the Delaware was called by the Dutch New Port rises in Springfield township, Delaware county, bay, also Godyn's bay, after Samuel Godyn, a and flowing nearly south enters Darby creek Dutchman, who made a purchase of land in not far from its mouth.

1629 from the Indians, extending from Cape CorDark Woods run (obliterated) had its source nelis or Hindlop, (Henlopen) inland thirty-two in a spring which rose north of Girard College, miles and two miles in breadth. and flowed through the western portion of the Dock creck (obliterated) was so called by the college grounds until it emptied in a large pond early settlers because it was the place at which a called Dark Woods pond, in the neighborhood public dock was situated. It was composed of of Brown street, about Twenty-sixth or Twenty- iwo branches, one of which commenced between seventh. The stream ran south-west, and emptied | Fourth and Fifth streets, north of Market, and into the Schuylkill river not far from the Lincoln ran south by east, crossing Market street west monument and a little west of the present steam- of Fourth, and Chestnut street about the line boat-landing in Fairmount Park.

of the present Hudson street, and by the latter Delaware river was discovered by Henry south in rear of the property of the Board of Hudson, an Englishman in the service of the Brokers, where it was joined by a branch which Dutch East India Company, in the yacht Halve- began west of Fifth street, below Walnut, and Maan or Half-Moon, of eighty tons' burden, on flowed toward the north-east. It crossed Walnut the 28th of August, 1609. Various Indian names street between Fourth and Fifth, near the buildhave been assigned to this stream. Heylin, in ing of the Schuylkill Navigation Company, and his Microcosmos, or description of the world, crossed Fourth street opposite Thomas' auction published in 1622, calls the river Arasapha, store. These streams, thus united, flowed eastwhich seems to have been derived from Ara- wardly, bearing to the south, and formed the saphe, "it goes fine,” meaning a river at all body of Dock creek, the course of which may be times navigable and useful. Poutaxat was an- traced by the street of that name. Not far from other Indian name sometimes applied to the the Delaware this stream received the water of river, but supposed to be more applicable to the another branch, which began at about the site of bay. It means round or broad, and is applied | St. Peter's church, at Third and Pine streets, exclusively to bays. Makerish-kisken and Maris- and crossed the square bounded by Second, kiiton are corruptions of the name which in carly Third, Spruce and Pine streets until it struck deeds is written Mochijirickhickon, Mochijirick the head of the present Little Dock street, along means "large and great," and hickon " ebb and which it flowed to the north-east until it reached tide;" so that this name meant“ a large river in

the main stream. This branch was called Little which there were ebbs and tides.” Another name Dock creek. The Indian name of Dock creek was Lenape Whittuck. Lenape means “ Indian,' was Cooconocon, and hittuck “a tree.” Kit-hanne, meaning “ the Dublin creek. See Pennypack creck. largest river," was also applied. After Hudson, Eagle creek, From the junction of the Kingthe first explorer was Captain Cornelius Jacobsen sess and Mingo creeks a stream runs east for a Mey, who, in 1613, entered the river in the yacht short distance, and empties into the Schuylkill Fortune, called the eastern Cape Mey and the below the first bend in the river. This might western Cornelis, another of the western capes seem to be a continuation of Kingsessing creek, being called Hindlop or Hinlopen, which latter and it has been so called on some of the maps. name was subsequently transferred to Cape Cor- On Lindstrom's map it is called Ornebo Kyl, nelis. The original Cape Hinlopen, near the La Riviere de Nid des Aigles (“the river of the present town of Lewes, lost its designation as a eagle's nest," or "cagle's nest river"). From this cape altogether. Mey, on his return to Holland, title was obtained the modern name-Eagle creek. left behind him a Captain Hendrickson in the Falls creek enters the Schuylkill near the Falls, [1879.

Third Month,]

MARCH MOON'S PHASES, Philadelphia. d. . m.

d. k.. O Full Moon..... 8 8 9 A.M.

New Moon ...22

4 P.M. (Last Quarter 14 10 41 P.M. D First Quarter30 8 5 P.M.

| Day of the Year. | Day of the Month.

Day of the Week

PHENOMENA.

u infert.

IS

85 54

7 58

20, 6.1

123

7 36 18

73 14 F 74 75 S 75:16 S

79120 Th 6

2

1

2

83 24

2

THE SUN, THE MOON,

THE TIDES,
Philadelphia. Philadelphia.

Philadelphia.
Rises Souths Sets Rises. Souths Sets.

High Tide.
Low lide.

(Per., gd. 8h. P.U. A.M. A.M. P.M. A.M. P. M. A.M. A.M.

P.M. A.M. | P.M.

(Apo.,25d. Sh. A.A. h.m.m. S. X.m. h. m. h. m. k. md. A. m. h. mh. Mh. m. 60 6 33 12 335 52 10 38 6 31

I 308

7 3 7 22 1 56 2 22 5.8 7:32 P.M. 9 sets. 61 2 8 6 32 12 20 5 53 11 30 7 25 2 25 9 8 3 8 37 2 41 3 22 5.5 8.51 P.M. Procyon & 62 3M 6 30 12

o 32 8 19 3 15 10 9 12 9 45 3 56 4 3115.3 4.17 A.M. Oh 9. 63 Tu 6 29 11 55 5 55 I 39 9 13 3 59 110 17 10 50 5 4

365-5 2.39 A.M. OTO Sap. 64 5W 6 27 11 41 5 56

2 50 10 6 4 37 12 11 20 11 48 6 9 6 39 5.7 3.56 A.M. d rises, 65! 6 Th 6 26 11 275 57 4 4 10 581 5 9.13

O 15 7 7 7 34 5.9 10.44 P.M. Tega nises. 66 F 6 24 11 1215 581 5 19 11 49 5 39/14 O 39 1

8.04 A.M. HC. 67 S 6 23 10 57 5 5911 6 34 A.M. 6 7 15

1 43 8 42 9 26.3 6.47 P.M. Markab sets 68 s 6 21 10 426 0

7 591 0 40 6 38 16 8 2 30 9 271 9 49 6.4 5.32 A.M. 27 rises. 69 10 M 6 20 10 26 6 1 9 8 i 32 7 317 2 53 3 18 10 12 10 37 6.5 7.06 P.m. h sets. 70 11 Tu 6 18 10 11 6 2 10 26 227

3 41 4

6 11 011 2516.5 8.21 P.M. Pollux S. 71 72 W 6 16 9 54 6 3 11 42 3 24 8 14 19 4 32 5 U 51 12 19 6.4 110.53 P.M. HIS. 72 13 Th 6 15 9 38 6 41A.M. 4 23 9 020 5 27 5 54

46 6.2 2.55 A.M. oce. b Scarii. 6 13 9 216 5 O 52 5 24 9 54 21 6 22 6 52 I 13 I 476.0 11.14 P.M. Rigel sets. 6 12 9 (6 6 1 54 6 23 10 54.22 7 23 7 57 2 TI 2 425.6 7.22 A.M. Óh o. 6 10 8 47 7 2 45 7 21 O

023

8 321 9 6 3 16 3 51 54 8.22 A.M. in. 76/17 M 6 9 8 29 6 8 3 26 8 14 0 7 24 9 10 9 4 251 4 59 5.3 2.50 P.M. Ó. 77 18 Tu 6 7 8 12 6 9 4 09 3 2 13 25 10 38 11 4 5 28 5 57 5.5 8 11 P.M. 9 sets. 78 19 W 6 6 7 54 6 10 4 29 9 49 3 17 26 11 30 11 50 6 23 6 49 5.7 3:38 A.M. Őrises. 4 7 36 6 11 4 53 10 32 4 19 27

0 15 7 9 7 34 5-9 6.33 P.M. Spring com, 80 21 F 16

7 18 6 12 5 16 11 131 5 20 28 O 35 o 52 7 54 811 6.0 9.15 P.M. V sets. 81 22 S 6 0 7 0 6 14 5 39 11 54 6 19 29 9

I 26 8 28 8 45 6.2 4.48 A.M. 4 rises. 82 23 S 5 59! 6 42 6 15

5 59 O 34 7 19

1 I 44 29 31 9 21 6.3 5.45 A.M. Ohc. M

5 57 6 6 16 6 22 I 16 8 19 2 21 2 40 940 9 59 6.4 9.27 A.M, O B. 84.25 Tu 5 56 6 5 6 17 6 48 1 59 9 20 3 2 58 3 18 10 17 10 37 6.5 5.34 A.M. 8 85 26 W 5 545 47 6 18 7 17 2 45 10 20 4 3 37 358 10 56 11 17 6.5 1.25 P.M. oho 86 27 Th'5 53 5 28 6 19

7 52 3 331 11 20

4 19 4 41 11 38 6.5 11.24 P.M. Sirius sets. 87 28 F 5 51 5 10 6 20 8 33

4 23 A.M.

5 4 5 27 o o 23 6.3 7.57 P.M. O sets, 88 29 S

5 50 4 52 6 21 922 5 15 0 16 7 5 515 6 15 o 46 1 IO 6.1 1.- p.m. gr.elong. I 89 30 S 5 481 4 33 6 22 10 19 6 8 7. 8

6 40 7

8

1 341 1 59 5.9 9.29 P,M. Regulus Š 90 31 M 5 47 4 15 6 23 11 22 7 1 I 52' 9

9 2 271 2 55 5.6 5.49A.M. O gr.bel.lat.. ECLIPSES IN 1879.

Miss MITCHELL, who has had for some years In the year 1879 there will be three Eclipses- astronomical celebrity, now edits a columa in two of the Sun and one of the Moon.

the Scientific American. First: An Annular Eclipse of the Sun, Jan. 22, A CONTRIVANCE has been invented in London 1879, invisible at Philadelphia. This Eclipse by means of which the rate of any clock can be will be visible in South America near the time of controlled and kept from accumulating crror in sunrise, thence throughout the South Atlantic, the clock. southern half of Africa, a small portion of South

The number of asteroids is now so great that western Asia and the Indian Ocean.

Second: An Annular Eclipse of the Sun, July it is not surprising that one or two are occasion19, 1879, invisible at Philadelphia. This Eclipse ally lost. With the aid of computation and very will be visible in the South Atlantic, throughout imperfect elements, two or three have been lately

rediscovered. Africa except the extreme south, in the southern part of Europe, in South-western Asia, and The supreme happiness of life is the convicthroughout the Indian Ocean.

tion that we are loved, Third: A Partial Eclipse of the Moon, Dec. 28, 1879, invisible at Philadelphia. This Eclipse of a ship, which illumines only the track it has

To most men experience is like the stern-light will be visible in the North Pacific Ocean,

passed. where about one-sixth of the Moon's surface will be darkened.

HUSBAND and wife have so many interests in (The dates of the Eclipses are changed from

common that when they have jogged through astronomical time to civil or Philadelphia time.) the ups and downs of life a sufficient time, the

troubles which at first galled often grow easy MARCH

and familiar, and unless the temper, or rather Venus and Mercury near the new moon 23d sufferable, what was once a grievous yoke be.

the disposition, and the heart of either be inand 24th of March.

comes but a companionable tie

I

7 36 8

below the mouth of the Wissahickon, and near the creek, extended from Holt or Hell creek into the Falls tavern.

Delaware at some distance north of Greenwich Float creek. See Holt creek.

Point. Frankford creek is formed by the union of Hollander's creek, according to the map of three streams. One of these, now known as the Lindstrom, made a clear course through from Wingohocking, is so called in a patent to Griffith the Delaware to the Schuylkill, making the Jones, 1684. It is called Winconico in a patent lower part of the Neck an island, which was to John Goodson, 1701, and Wincokoe in a pat. further divided by other streams, so that there ent to Griffith Jones of the same year. Wingo- were three islands at the lower end of what is hocking is defined by Heckewelder to be" a choice now considered fast land in Philadelphia, in adspot of land for cultivation, a favorite place for dition to League island. The westernmost was planting, fine land:” whilst Mr. Henry says it called Manasonk or Manayunk. It was adjoined means lands in a hollow or valley.". In modern on the east by Drufwe island, Isle des Raisins or rimes the Wingohocking has been called Legan's Grape island, which was immediately north of rux, from the fact that it flowed through the League island, and is now known as Grcenwich grounds of the seat of James Logan at Stenton. island. North of Druswe island was another, The Wingohocking rises near Mount Airy, curves which has no name. Upon Lindstrom's map generally to the south, and passing through Ger- Hollander's creek is called Hollandare Kylen, mantown runs eastwardly until it unites with Tac- La Riviere des Hollandois or Dutch river. But ony creek near Rowland's saw-mill. The Tacony this is probably an error. It is more likely that rises in Montgomery county near Shoemakertown, the stream was named after Peter Hollandaer, a runs south-west and south, crosses the line of the Swedish governor, who succeeded Peter Minuit former Bristol township, and formed the bound- as commandant at Fort Christina in 1639. ary of Bristol and Oxford townships. -Rock run Holt creek flowed into Hollander's creek west enters into the Tacony south-west of what was of Dam creek. It was sometimes called Little formerly Whitaker's factory.-The Little Taouny Hollander's creek, also Hell creek. It formed a rises near the Township-line road between Dub- curious loop in the upper portion, which encirlin and Oxford, runs nearly south through Oxford cled a piece of ground thai might be called an township and is joined by one or two brooks, and island. The lower part of this loop was called empties into the Frankford creek east of Frank- Float creek. ford. The stream is now called Frankford creek Inckhorn's creek runs into the Schuylkill river from the junction of the Tacony and Wingohock- on the west side, near the bend, north of Penrose ing, and enters the Delaware near the U. S. Ferry: The original name was Andreas Inck. Arsenal. Tacony is called Toaconik in a patent ooren's Kyl, from the residence of a Swede of to Robert Adams, 1684: Taoconinck in a patent that name near it. to Griffith Jones in the same year. Little Tacony

Indian run.

See Darby creek. is also called Tackawanna. Mr. Henry says Tac- Jonas' creek was a stream with two branches ony is derived from Tekene and means " woods" nearly opposite each other in the shape of a or "an uninhabited place." Into Frankfurd

The branch from the east, in a patent in creck near the Delaware empties a stream called 1684, is called Jonas' creek; Jones' creek by Freakeatah. Frankford creek derives its name Varlo. The main stream was called Spack from the village of Frankford, adjoining: On creek in a patent to L. Cock in 1685, and Sneak's Lindstrom's map it is called Aleskins Kylen, creek on Heap's ma La Riviere des Anguilles Ecorchees (meaning kingsess or kingsessing creck intersects Bow "the river of skinned eels"), the origin of which creek about halfway between Darby creek and can only be conjectured. A portion of the creck the Delaware. It flows in a north-easterly direceast of the junction of the Little Tacony is called tion, and empties into the Schuylkill nearly Questioninck in a patent to Eric Cock and opposite Girard Point. This Indian word, acothers, and Quissinuaminck in a patent to cording to Mr. Henry, is derived from ChingessThomas Fairman, 1688.

ing (“the place where there is a meadow"') or Freakeatah. See Frankford creek.

Chincessing ("' bog meadow”). Green Tree run rises in the upper part of the Land creck empties into the Schuylkill on the late Roxborough township and runs nearly west side, between Penrose Ferry and the bend parallel with Green Tree lane, and empties into of the river. It bears that name in a patent to the Schuylkill near the intersection of that lane Benjamin and Enoch Bonsall in 1705. and the Ridge road.

Little creek was north of Rogue creek, ran a Gunner's run. One branch, called Three- short course, and emptied into the Schuylkill on mile run, rose near Woodpecker lane and Broad the east side in 1750. street, and flowed east by south, crossing above Little Tacony creek. See Frankford creek. Fairhill, meeting near Germantown road, having Logan's run. Sce Frankford creck. a branch through Harrowgate Garden, and a Malebore's creek emptied into Hollander's branch with two forks, one of which runs above creek east of Ship brook, and no doubt received and the other below the Norris estate. Pursuing that name from Malebore, an Indian chief, its way south-westwardly until near the Dela- whose name is signed to some of the early deeds ware, it makes a sudden bend south-cast, and to Penn. One branch of this creek rose near enters the river between the Dyottville glass. Fifteenth and Sansom streets, and ran southworks and the Kensington water-works. This wardly to a point south of Pine street and east stream was called Tumanaramaming in a patent of Broad, where it was joined by a branch from to Thomas Fairman in 1702, Tumananarmings an Spruce street between Seventeenth and EighReed's

map, and Gunner's run by Scull & Heap teenth. Farther down were branches from It received its name from Gunner Rambo, a Eighteenth and South streets, from Spruce and Swede, who lived near it.

Twelfth streets, and from Eleventh street between Hay creek, the eastern part of Hollander's Spruce and Pine. The united streams ran south

Cross.

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