Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds: Artificial Intelligence from Automata to Cyborgs

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Stefano Franchi, Güven Güzeldere
MIT Press, 2005 - Computers - 538 pages

Believing that the enterprise of constructing "artificial intelligence" transcends the bounds of any one discipline, the editors of Mechanical Bodies, Computational Minds have brought together researchers in AI and scholars in the humanities to reexamine the fundamental assumptions of both areas. The AI community, for example, could benefit from explorations of human intelligence and creativity by philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, literary critics, and others, while analysis of AI's theoretical struggles and technical advances could yield insights into such traditional humanist concerns as the nature of rationality and the mind-body dichotomy.The contributions include a continuation of the famous Hubert Dreyfus-Daniel Dennett debate over Kasparov's defeat by IBM's Deep Blue; Philip Agre's tracing of difficulties in AI research to the inherited tensions of Cartesian dualism; Evelyn Fox Keller's examination of the development of computer technology in relation to biology; Douglas Hofstadter's argument that thinking is more than the theorem-solving activities of AI; and Alison Adam's discussion of the implicitly male universal subject used in AI.

 

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Contents

Cybernetics and Artificial Intelligence from Automata
15
Artificial Intelligence as a Philosophical Project
153
The ManMachine and Artificial Intelligence
175
Computers and Organisms after World
203
Cybernetics and SelfOrganization 19401970
229
On Seeing As and Seeing As
249
Deep Blues Win over Kasparov Prove That Artificial Intelligence Has Succeeded?
265
Machines and the Mental
281
Humans Machines and the Structure of Knowledge
345
Expert Systems Semioclasm and Apeironic Education
365
Artificial Intelligence Research as Art
391
Why Al Is Not a Science
409
The Case for a Social Al
423
The Epistemological and Philosophical Situation of Mind Technoscience
453
Phenomenology and Cognitive Science
471
From Mythos to Logos and Back
489

Dialogues with Colorful Personalities of Early Al
295
Al from Feminist Philosophy
327
Contributors
515
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About the author (2005)

Stefano Franchi is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Auckland.

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