Oceanography: An Illustrated Text
Oceans cover over 70% of the planet's surface and are essential to life on earth, yet their deepest mysteries remained unexplored until very recently when 20th century technological advances allowed the vast expansion of our frontiers of knowledge and worldwide interest in oceanography to grow rapidly. Combining the skills of 40 contributors from world-renowned teaching and research establishments, this is an authoritative, comprehensive guide. It focuses on the latest technological developments with coverage ranging from history and instrumentation to the physical geography, meteorology, biology, and chemistry of the sea and its ecosystems. It promotes awareness of current ecological concerns governing man's relationship with the oceans.Contains superb color illustrations--over 560 photos, diagrams and charts, plus 40 tables.
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The Atmosphere and the Ocean
The Role of Ocean Circulation
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Abyssal Plain acoustic animals artificial reefs asthenosphere atmosphere benthic biological bioluminescence bloom carbon changes Chapter chemical climate coastal colour concentration continental Courtesy cycle debris flow deep ocean deep water deep-sea density deposits depth dissolved distribution Earth eddies energy environment equation estuary euphausiids example Figure fish flux global habitat heat hydrothermal hydrothermal vent increase instruments latitudes layer light lithosphere marine snow material measurements ment metres Mid-Atlantic Ridge mid-ocean ridge North Atlantic observations occur ocean basins oceanic crust Oceanographic offshore organic oxygen Pacific particles pelagic phytoplankton plankton processes production profiles radiation range reflected regions relative rocks salinity samples satellite scale scientists sea bed sea floor sea surface sea water sedi sediment sensors ships side-scan sonar slope sonar Southampton species surface waters temperature tion transport turbidite turbidity current velocity vent vertical water column waves wind zone zooplankton