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clearly stated what relations exist among them. they are really subjected to Turkey, she imagines as if her dominions were stolen by the Turks. As Russia is ardent in extending her territories, she is exciting these countries to make them free from the yoke of Turky and subdue to her, by skillfully utilising this opportunity. But as this affair is pregnant of a greater consequence and ominous of breaking the peace of Europe, should the Continent be thrown into a confusion, she can not be alone in tranquillity; thus it says "There is no fish, etc.

“ The 'Positive V’ is at an 'elevated position' with its strongness. It represents England, as she stands preeminent in the world in her wealth and power, and her navy, though old, is still valuable as the 'Ring of Seas.' It says, 'Wraps a melon with a leaf of the Ki. When he conceals his genius, something will come down from the Heaven'; in which, melon' is the two countries of the 'Negative I.' 'Wraps a melon with a leaf of the Ki' means to help the Turkey of the ‘Positive Il' indirectly, to make her thus secure the two, and to limit the confusion not to extend to others. When he conceals etc.' means to consult openly with all nations, and to advice Turkey to manage her civil strife. As England stands in a position like that of a chief, when Europe is assumed to be a great confederacy, she is the most responsible in keeping Europe in peace. She must therefore make her best in helping the Turks and tranquilling Bulgaria and Roumelia. The 'Interpretation' says 'The Sovereign issues a command and proclaims to the surrounding quarters,' which means that Queen Victoria has the duty of declaring to all the great powers her endeavour of managing this disturb

As 'Kô' is a hexagram of a woman's being powerful,' the Queen must be regarded as being influencial over all other countries.

ance.

“ The Positive VI' is a position of independence, and represents Asia, America, etc. It says, 'Meets the horn; inauspicious; but free from blame. Although they are quite independent of this affair, yet as long as they are intercoursing and trading with Europe, they must more or less receive the effect, thus 'meeting the horn.' The nature of the effect can not be prophecied, but as the cause is not lucky, the effect must necessarily be unlucky. But perhaps it may happen that Europe will not be able to keep on her settlement policy in us, so that we shall be at least free from this trouble only, though not from the effect of the present disturbance; so it says, 'inauspicious, but free from blame.'

“On surveying the affair as above treated, it will be seen that, though it is only a slight affair at present, yet a slightest error in managing will cause a great and indomitable entanglement. In fact, 'Kô' is the hexagram of going to rage from peace, so that the weakness of these two countries must not be disregarded, as it might be pregnant of a future storm in Europe.'

KINDNESS REWARDED BY ANGER. A friend came and said, “I have been befriended with a certain nobleman for a very long time and he has been always very good to me.

But since he came home from his excursion to Europe and America, he seems to have become very much cold to me. I would often call on him for some important business, yet he would not see me, but would give his answers through his agents. Please divine the cause.

"I consented and on divining, obtained the “Positive VIof “Ko (ha."

"' is a hexagram of a woman is powerful,' and even an honest and well-experienced man can

not avert the slander of a woman, when he meets this hexagram. Now the topmost changing, we have the

Tai-Kwa (HiB),' which is the hexagram of 'overturning.' Thus, it is evident that the nobleman is believing the slander of an overturned woman, and is misunderstanding your kind conduct during his absence. Therefore, the 'Positive VI' says, Meets the horn; inauspicious ; but free from blame.' The nobleman believes the slander of a woman and is angry at you, and then you have met with the mouth-horns' of the woman and the 'eye-horns' of the nobleman; this is 'meets the horn.' 'Inauspicious, but free from blame' means that although you are ashamed of yourself and of the others by an unexpected slander, yet as you have really done nothing wrong and unjust, you need not be ashamed in your conscience, and before long the nobleman will find out his fault and he will become as intimate with you as ever.'

Here my friend, after some minutes of meditation, clapped his hands and said with sighs —"Now, it is all clear. I visited his house often, during his absence. One day, I found his wife in a rage against his father, and as I could not bear to set it aside, I softened her by advicing her with the principle of filial obedience. The nobleman came home shortly after, and as his wife was afraid of being punished for her misconduct, I guess, she slandered me to her husband, by overturning my kind

I remember once he has told me that, his domestic affairs are not to be meddled with by others. The mystery of the ' Ekiis so perfect and faithful ! But as it says 'free from blame,' before long his doubt will be dispelled, and we will become more intimate.” He took leave of me in a state of perfect tranquillity.

ness,

XLV, SUI To assemble).

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Sui. Auspicious. The King visits the ancestral shrine. Advantageous to see great men; auspicious. Advantageous to be constant. Lucky, if large sacrifices be offered ; advantageous to ad

yance. Eoc position. Sui means to assemble. It is obedient and joyful. A strong element occupies a middle position, and is in agreement (with Negative II]. Hence comes [the idea of ] assembling. “The King visits the ancestral shrine,” that is, he makes filial offerings. "Advantageous to see great men; auspicious,"-justice is observed in assembling. “Lucky, if large sacrifices be offered; advantageous to advance," because the will of Heaven is obeyed. Upon observing how (men] assemble together, may be seen the nature of the Heaven and the earth and of all things.

Interpretation. A pond lying on the ground is [the emblem of] Sui. Honourable men accordingly keep arms in repair, against unforseen emergencies.

Negative I. is truthful, but does not hold fast to the last. He is confused, and assembles. He cries and laughs, shaking hands: If he advances without any anxiety, he will be free from blame.

Interpretation. “He is confused, and assembles”— this signifies that his mind is confounded.

Negative II. Lucky, and free from remorse, if he leads (other negative elements]. If truthful, advantageous to celebrate [Gods].

Interpretation. "Lucky, and free from remorse, if he leads (other negative elements]" because [if he does 80], he does not deviate from a middle course.

Negative III. Assembles and is sad. Not advantageous in any way. Free from blame, if he advances. Somewhat inauspicious.

Interpretation. "Free from blame, if he advances," because [Negative VI] is meek.

Positive IV. Will be free from blame, if he be exceedingly lucky.

Interpretation. "[Positive IV] will only be free from blame, if he be exceedingly lucky," because his position is improper.

Positive v. Assembles [his subjects] and occupies his position ; free from blame. [Some elements] are not truthful [to him]. He will be without any remorse, if he be perfect, permanent, and constant.

Interpretation. “[Positive V] assembles [his subjects] and occupies his position"—this shows that his mind is not yet sufficiently large.

Negative VI. Sighs and sheds tears. Free from blame.

Interpretation. "[Negative VI] sighs and sheds tears," because he does not feel secure in his position.

ܙܙ

EXAMPLES.

RAILWAY BRIDGE OVER TODAGAWA OF UENO LINÉ.

During the time when the railroad between Ueno and Takasaki was being built, in Dec. of 1882, a flood swept away the temporary bridge over Todagawa. On receiving the telegram, I hurried to the spot, as I am one of the originators of the railway, and joined there Mr. Inoue, Director of Railway Department who arrived there simultaneously. The banks of Todagawa are about ten feet above the ground, and it would be natural to build a bridge over them. But as it occupies a considerable time to do so, and as the materials of the railroad on both

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